Bio-based and Applied Economics 2020-06-02T12:47:05+00:00 Meri Raggi Open Journal Systems <p><em>Bio-based and Applied Economics</em> is a free-access on-line journal promoted by the Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA). Although mainly devoted to scholars and well established researchers BAE also encourages submissions by young researchers, teams involved in ongoing research projects and also relevant actors in the field of bio-economy and related public policies. BAE publishes contributions on the economics of bio-based industries, such as agriculture, forestry, fishery and food, dealing with any related disciplines, such as resource and environmental economics, consumer studies, regional economics, innovation and development economics.</p> Consumers’ rationality and home-grown values for healthy and environmentally sustainable food 2020-06-02T12:47:05+00:00 Simone Cerroni Verity Watson Jennie I. Macdiarmid <p class="p1">Consumers’ food choices often deviate from rationality. This paper explores whether deviations from rationality impact home-grown values elicited using either bid- or choice-based value elicitation techniques. The paper focuses on second-price Vickrey auctions and discrete choice experiments, which are widely used to value innovative private goods and the welfare benefits of policy interventions. The paper reports the results of an experiment that combines induced value and home-grown value elicitation procedures. Home-grown values are elicited for a public food policy. The experiment has two treatments that differ in the elicitation technique: second-price Vickrey auction and discrete choice experiment. For each technique, induced-value elicitation procedures are used to measure subjects’ deviations from rationality. Deviations from rationality are more likely in the second-price Vickrey auction. Subjects who behave irrationally have higher home-grown values than rational subjects in the second-price Vickrey auction. The impact of deviations from rationality is weaker in the discrete choice experiment.</p> 2020-05-20T06:34:50+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Simone Cerroni, Verity Watson, Jennie I. Macdiarmid The wellbeing of smallholder coffee farmers in the Mount Elgon region: a quantitative analysis of a rural community in Eastern Uganda 2020-06-02T12:47:01+00:00 Anna Lina Bartl <p class="p1">For many smallholder farmers in the Mount Elgon region of Uganda, Arabica coffee cultivation is the major income-generating activity. Although it is widely known that smallholder coffee farmers often live under conditions that barely assure their survival, research to date has failed to examine the composition and distribution of wellbeing within this group. In the present study, a composite indicator of wellbeing is created using information collected from interviews with 431 coffee-cultivating households to investigate wellbeing in the Mount Elgon region of Uganda. From results of an explorative Principal Components Analysis, the factors of trust, security, housing, and landholding, covering a total of ten indicators, provided a comprehensive measure of wellbeing, explaining 81.20% of the total variance. The results show substantial differences in wellbeing within the sub-counties of Bulegeni, Simu, and Namisuni, and even greater differences between these sub-counties. These differences are explained primarily by the physical wellbeing factors of housing and landholding. Efforts to improve the quality of housing, particularly in Namisuni and Bulegeni, for instance, by providing improved access to financial services, construction loans, or subsidized prices for bricks and other construction materials, as well as official land registration in all three sub-counties could improve the wellbeing of households in this area.</p> 2020-05-20T06:35:33+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Anna Lina Bartl Agricultural Sector Performance, Institutional Framework and Food Security in Nigeria 2020-06-02T12:46:57+00:00 Romanus Osabohien Evans Osabuohien Precious Ohalete <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This study examines how the performance of the agricultural sector can be enhanced in the long-run through institutional framework thereby ensuring food security in Nigeria. It employs the ARDL (Autoregressive Distributed Lag) with data from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), World Development Indicators (WDI), and World Governance Indicators (WDI). Food security is used as the dependent variable proxied by the number of the people undernourished under the stability dimension; agricultural sector performance and institutional framework as the independent variables, while population is a control variable. Two agricultural variables (agriculture production and agriculture credit) are employed with six variables of institutional framework. The findings show that in the log-run, agriculture production and agriculture credit (agriculture variables) will increase food security by reducing the number of people undernourished by 2% and 18%, respectively. In terms of institutional framework; political stability and absence of violence and rule of law increase food security by reducing undernourishment by approximately 69% and 29%, respectively; control of corruption and voice and accountability tends to reduce food security by increasing the number of the people undernourished by 74%, 51% and 63% respectively. Therefore, the study concludes by recommending, among others, that the Nigerian institutional framework should be improved (especially the control of corruption) in addressing the challenges in the implementation of food security programmes and ensuring timely distribution of food resources.</span></p> 2020-05-20T06:36:58+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Romanus Osabohien, Evans Osabuohien, Precious Ohalete Innovation adoption and farm profitability: what role for research and information sources? 2020-06-02T12:46:53+00:00 Michele Vollaro Meri Raggi Davide Viaggi <p class="p1">The paper analyses the determinants of farmers’ adoption of innovations and studies the effect of the source of information and the connection with agricultural research on the contribution of innovation to farm performance. The paper uses primary data collected ad hoc in the Province of Bologna (Emilia-Romagna, Italy) and analyses it through an econometric analysis. The results indicate that structural factors and farm specialisation still play a relevant role in innovation adoption. Connection to scientific research triggers significant improvements in terms of value-added and quality of production but does not affect other profitability-related parameters. The results confirm the need for policy to better consider the role of intermediate actors between research and the farmer as well as to better clarify the final performance strategy in order to set the policy instruments right. The paper also highlights the need for further research about farms’ proactivity in searching for and selecting information during the process of innovation adoption and competitive advantages in terms of profitability components.</p> 2020-05-20T06:37:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Michele Vollaro, Meri Raggi, Davide Viaggi Determinants of Farm Households’ Willingness to Accept (WTA) Compensation for Conservation Technologies in Northern Ghana 2020-06-02T12:46:49+00:00 Evelyn Delali Ahiale Kelvin Balcombe Chittur Srinivasan <p class="p1">This paper examines the determinants of farmers’ willingness-to-accept (WTA) in a hypothetical payment scheme for the adoption of stone and soil bunds in northern Ghana using contingent valuation data from 305 farm households. Bayesian estimation of the interval-data regression model is employed to obtain farmers’ WTA and its determinants. Besides farmer and household characteristics, farm characteristics and socioeconomic and institutional variables such as soil fertility and previous participation in conservation projects increase and decrease willingness-to-accept respectively. The results suggest that costs of soil and water conservation payment schemes may be significantly decreased by careful targeting of households more ready to accept compensation.</p> 2020-05-20T06:38:35+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Evelyn Delali Ahiale, Kelvin Balcombe, Chittur Srinivasan