Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso <p class="Body"><em>Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali / Working Papers in Linguistics and Oriental Studies</em>&nbsp;(QULSO), is an open-access peer-reviewed journal providing a forum for scholarly debate for Linguistics and Oriental Studies researchers in Italy and abroad. The journal publishes articles relating to the analysis of natural language in its various aspects, paying special attention to the following fields of inquiry: theoretical models of language; the description of linguistic systems; the linguistic continuum in historical, typological and sociolinguistic perspectives; linguistic structures of languages of the Orient and their historical evolution; experimental linguistics (psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics) and applied linguistics; pragmatics and semantics; communication.</p> <p class="Body">The journal, sponsored and funded by the Department of Languages, Literatures and Intercultural Studies of the University of Florence, reflects the interests of its linguist and orientalist members. It is a product of the Open Access Publishing Workshop and is published online by Firenze University Press (FUP).<br>Languages: English, Italian (others by editorial approval).</p> <p class="Body">&nbsp;</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p class="Body">&nbsp;</p> <p class="Body"><em>Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali / Working Papers in Linguistics and Oriental Studies</em>&nbsp;(QULSO), è una rivista open access con revisione anonima tra pari che fornisce una sede di confronto scientifico rivolto alla comunità linguistica e orientalistica italiana e internazionale. La rivista pubblica contributi relativi all’analisi dei diversi aspetti del linguaggio, in riferimento in particolare ai seguenti nuclei tematici:&nbsp; i modelli teorici delle lingue naturali; la descrizione dei sistemi linguistici; il continuum linguistico in prospettiva storica, tipologica, sociolinguistica; le strutture linguistiche dell'area orientale e l’evoluzione storica delle lingue orientali; la dimensione sperimentale (psicolinguistica, neurolinguistica) ed applicata&nbsp; del linguaggio; la semantica e la pragmatica; la comunicazione.</p> <p class="Body">La rivista, finanziata dal Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature e Studi Interculturali dell’Università di Firenze, riflette gli interessi della sua componente linguistica ed orientalistica; è prodotto dal Laboratorio editoriale Open Access del Dipartimento e pubblicato online da Firenze University Press (FUP).<br>Lingue: inglese, italiano (altre su approvazione del comitato di redazione).</p> <p class="Body"><span style="color: red;"><span style="font-size: 1.2em;"><strong>ANNOUNCEMENT:</strong></span></span><span style="font-size: 1.2em;">&nbsp;QULSO accepted for indexing in&nbsp;<strong>ERIH PLUS</strong></span></p> <div> <p>It is a pleasure to announce that&nbsp;<em>Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali (QULSO)</em>&nbsp;has been approved for inclusion in&nbsp;<strong>ERIH PLUS</strong>. The European Reference Index for the Humanities and the Social Sciences (ERIH PLUS)&nbsp;is the most important and prestigious reference index in the European Union when it comes to international quality and impact accreditation for scientific journals in the areas of Humanities and Social Sciences.</p> </div> <div><a href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/"><img src="/public/site/images/piernoalessandro/banner_erih.png" alt=""></a></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><strong>ERIH PLUS</strong>&nbsp;was established (only as ‘ERIH’ at first) by the European Science Foundation (ESF) Standing Committee for the Humanities (SCH) in 2002 and has ever since become the most highly valued reference index within the European Union.<strong>&nbsp;ERIH PLUS</strong>&nbsp;can be described as especially demanding both by the width and diversity of requirements considered and by the strictness with which EU experts’ panels have to carry out their task when evaluating the compliance with those requirements. The selection process includes several stages of the evaluation procedure, and it has been coordinated by the no less demanding Norwegian Association of Higher Education Institutions in the Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers from 2014 onwards.</div> <div>A new call for the rigorous evaluation of scientific journals was published in July 2014.&nbsp;<strong><a href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=489590">QULSO passed this evaluation</a>&nbsp;and was accordingly included in the EU’s prestigious and influential ERIH PLUS index.</strong>&nbsp;This undoubtedly means a great recognition for the persevering, disciplined and rigorous work carried out by this journal</div> <div> <div><strong>ERIH PLUS</strong>&nbsp;was established (only as ‘ERIH’ at first) by the European Science Foundation (ESF) Standing Committee for the Humanities (SCH) in 2002 and has ever since become the most highly valued reference index within the European Union.</div> </div> <p class="Body">&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>The authors retain all rights to the original work without any restrictions.</p> <h4><em>License for Published Contents</em></h4> <p><img src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/it/88x31.png" alt="Licenza Creative Commons"></p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/">Licence scheme</a>&nbsp;|&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode%20-%20languages">Legal code</a></p> <p>QULSO allows open access to its scientific data, assuming that providing research results in open access is instrumental to <em>improving global knowledge exchange</em>.</p> <p>There are no charges for submission or peer-review (APC).</p> <p>All essays in the journal are published under “Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International” (CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0).</p> <p><strong>The Creative Common “BY-NC-ND</strong>” Licence permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited as specified by the author or licensor, that is not used for commercial purposes and no modifications or adaptations are made.</p> <p>Reference details should also <em>include</em> the DOI code of the full issue or of any single essay, specifying that it is the first edition.</p> <p>Authors retain copyright in their essays.</p> <h4><em>License for Metadata</em></h4> <p>This Journal published articles metadata are dedicated to the public domain by waiving all publisher's rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy,&nbsp;distribute and perform the work, without asking permission.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/">Licence scheme</a>&nbsp;|&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode">Legal code</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> qulso@lilsi.unifi.it (M. Rita Manzini, Leonardo M. Savoia) laboa@lilsi.unifi.it (Arianna Antonielli) Tue, 29 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali / Working Papers in Linguistics and Oriental Studies, Vol. 6, 2020. Full Issue https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9755 <p>Abstract</p> Maria Rita Manzini, Leonardo Maria Savoia Copyright (c) 2020 Maria Rita Manzini, Leonardo Maria Savoia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9755 Fri, 18 Sep 2020 13:18:37 +0000 Cover https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9827 <p>Cover 6-2020</p> AA VV Copyright (c) 2020 Arianna Antonielli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9827 Wed, 30 Sep 2020 09:15:53 +0000 Preliminaries https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9691 <p>Abstract</p> AAVV AAVV Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9691 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 09:37:23 +0000 Contents https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9692 <p>Abstract</p> AAVV AAVV Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9692 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 09:40:25 +0000 Parameters in possessives: the Franco-Provençal dialect of Celle di San Vito (Apulia) as a case study https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9693 <p class="p1">The aim of this article is to propose an account of morpho-syntactic and interpretive properties of possessives looked at from the point of view suggested by the interplay between contact systems with prenominal and postnominal possessives. Thus, we will begin with briefly presenting the minority Franco-Provençal language of Celle di San Vito in Apulia and its linguistic position. Subsequently, we will dwell on the nature of possessive relation and its treatment in the literature, also taking account of the suggestions coming from cross-linguistic considerations (Albanian). Next, the data of Celle and the possessive systems of Southern Italian and Franco-Provençal varieties will be provided and compared. The final section illustrates some proposals concerning different possessive structures, specifically with regard to the distribution of possessive elements and the interaction with the definite article.</p> Benedetta Baldi, Leonardo Maria Savoia Copyright (c) 2020 Benedetta Baldi, Leonardo Maria Savoia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9693 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 09:42:30 +0000 I pronomi soggetto nell’italiano doppiato: analisi dal finlandese all’italiano https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9282 <p>In this paper we investigate the distribution of overt subject pronouns in the Italian of three dubbed films. Previous studies have shown that audiovisual translations into Italian exhibit a certain amount of ‘novel’ solutions in language usage at interface levels due to interference from the source language. This paper focuses on one particular area of interference, i.e. the distribution of overt subject pronouns in pragmatically marked and unmarked contexts, which is observed in a corpus of two full-length films and an episode of a television series, all dubbed from Finnish into Italian. The results show that in dubbed Italian overt subject pronouns are also used in contexts in which they would not be expected. We identify four main categories of overuse of subject pronouns which are presented taking into account the properties of the source language with respect to the so-called null subject parameter and to discourse information properties.</p> Lena Dal Pozzo, Elina Ylinärä Copyright (c) 2020 Lena Dal Pozzo, Elina Ylinärä https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9282 Mon, 06 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The semantics of the italian adverb “magari”: a threshold-based approach to its polysemy https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9694 <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that the several uses of the Italian adverbial <em>magari</em> (the optative, short answer, hypothetical, concessive and imperative uses) can be led back to one basic core meaning. This core meaning is taken to account for all the uses of the item without reference to a grammaticalization process, but only through syntactic and pragmatic operations such as ellipsis, scope variability and pragmatic interpretation on the part of the hearer. <em>Magari</em> first appears in Italian optative constructions, which are characterised by the presence of a scalar reading along an epistemic dimension. The expansion of the uses of <em>magari</em> is explained in terms of its additive properties (i.e. need for other propositions to be true within the Common Ground) plus a requirement that the propositional content be higher than a contextually given threshold along an epistemic scale.</span></p> Nicola D'Antuono Copyright (c) 2020 Nicola D'Antuono https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9694 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The propredicative clitic in Italo-romance: a micro-parametric variation approach https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9697 <p class="p1">In this paper we describe the distribution of propredicative clitics in nominal copular constructions across different Italo-romance varieties. Different lexical items are recruited from the lexicon to cliticize the predicative NP, all of them either lack inflection or show a neuter inflection: the ‘uninflected’ status of propredicatives, in fact, is an available option among the categorical status of different pronouns. The characteristics of propredicatives across Italo-Romance confirms the predictions of the analysis of Moro (1997: 1) copular constructions allow only one agreement projection (agreement with the subject of the copular sentence and not with the predicate), 2) the proforms are generated in N<sup>0</sup> rather than a D<sup>0</sup>. This analysis challenges the ‘definite’ analyses of romance l-clitics (which date back to Postal 1966): such proposals often invoke the parallel between clitics and definite articles as a reason to treat clitics as belonging to the category D. We will also show that apparent counterexamples found in some varieties in which the proforms agree in gender and number with the nominal predicates rely on semantic restrictions and ellipsis. We will finally update the proposal of Moro (1997) in terms of the labelling algorithm (Moro 2009; Chomsky 2013; Rizzi 2016): the N<sup>0</sup> cliticization involved in the propredicative items allows a D<sup>0</sup> in situ within the small clause which label the small clause, which otherwise will be unlabelled and imply a crash in the derivation.</p> Paolo Lorusso, Andrea Moro Copyright (c) 2020 Paolo Lorusso, Andrea Moro https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9697 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Intervention in agreement and case assignment: the role of doubling https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9696 <p class="p1">In this paper we will show that there are two types of languages which involve different mechanisms in obviating Minimality Violations/Defective Intervention and Case opacity: Agreement languages of Punjabi/Icelandic-type with default agreement and Movement languages of Romanian/Spanish-type with phi-feature movement in form of cliticization. On the basis of rich empirical data we show that Case Opacity represents a case of defective intervention in agreement as the features of the phases introducing the oblique arguments block the agreement with the verb. Potential counterexamples can be accounted for by assuming that (oblique) clitics, in some languages, do not always move to T, so that the phi-features of the arguments they introduce still intervene and give rise to default agreement (as in Vafsi and some other Western Iranian varieties). Our approach has theoretical implications for the theory of case, cliticization and linear order.</p> Mihaela Moreno Marchis, Ludovico Franco Copyright (c) 2020 Mihaela Moreno Marchis, Ludovico Franco https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9696 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Locality in music and syntax: a minimalist analysis of modulation https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9698 <p class="p1">The article provides an analysis of tonicization and modulation in western tonal music within the framework of minimalist syntax. In the spirit of Katz and Pesetsky’s 2011 Identity Thesis for Language and Music, I argue that syntactic notions such as Agree and (Phase) Impenetrability may shed light on some aspects of music theory involving dependencies within local domains.</p> Diego Pescarini Copyright (c) 2020 Diego Pescarini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9698 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Descendants of Muhajir Georgians in Giresun (Turkey) and their speech codes https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9699 <p class="p1">In our article we review a Georgian dialectal speech of the Georgian Muhajirs’ descendants in Giresun, Turkey. All the research materials are obtained by us during the expedition July 8-19, 2019 in Turkey, Karadeniz (Black Sea Coast) region. In the article, all the Illustrative phrases in Georgian are transcribed with specific Latin-based transcription for Ibero-Caucasian Languages. The most part of Muhajir Georgians’ Giresun descendants have preserved the Georgian ethnical self-concept. Due to the code-switching process going on during 140 years the historical mother tongue is only spoken by the older generation; their knowledge of the Turkish language is mostly poor. The people of middle generation are usually bilingual speaking both Georgian and Turkish. The younger generation speaks only Turkish, which they consider more prestigious than the mother tongue of their ancestors. Consequently, the Acharan dialect of Georgian spoken in Giresun is at&nbsp;risk&nbsp;of&nbsp;going extinct in the near future. The risk is increased by the fact that the representatives of younger generation who want to know their ancestors’ language and develop friendly relations with Georgia are learning the literary Georgian: having learnt the literary Georgian they try to speak “correctly” and avoid using dialects.</p> Tariel Putkaradze, Mikheil Labadze Copyright (c) 2020 Tariel Putkaradze, Mikheil Labadze https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9699 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 German wh-copying: a top-down analysis https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9700 <p class="p1">German <em>wh</em>-copying is often taken to represent clear evidence for successive cyclicity and for the Copy Theory of Movement. The generative literature has focused on a particular type of <em>wh</em>-copying displaying morphophonological identity among the overtly realized members of the A’-chain. The present article discusses the case of two additional types of <em>wh</em>-copying found in German, i.e. ‘imperfect’ and ‘complex’ <em>wh</em>-coping. It will be argued that standard bottom-up analyses run into a few complications when extended to account for the latter types of <em>wh-</em>copying. A novel analysis embedded in a Top-Down derivational model of grammar is then proposed, which is argued to be conceptually as well as empirically superior over more traditional alternatives. The analysis of complex <em>wh</em>-copying in German is further extended to the case of Afrikaans and dialectal Dutch.</p> Giuseppe Rugna Copyright (c) 2020 Giuseppe Rugna https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9700 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The syntactic structure of the Xhosa "e-" N "-ini" locatives https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9701 <p class="p1">This article aims at presenting arguments for a new analysis of locative expressions with the prefix <em>e</em> and the suffix -<em>ini</em> in Xhosa. This analysis views the most striking properties of these expressions as syntactic in nature and is based on arguments to the effect that a purely morphological analysis doesn’t provide explanatory accounts of the relevant facts.</p> Knut Tarald Taraldsen Copyright (c) 2020 Knut Tarald Taraldsen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9701 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Divergent phonological behaviour in heritage speakers of Sardinian https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9695 <p class="p1">In the literature on heritage speakers, phonology is often described as a comparatively well-preserved component of language competence. It does seem to be the case that heritage speakers, even when not fully proficient in some areas of grammar, sound superficially native-like as far as phonology is concerned. But does this picture hold up under closer scrutiny? This contribution deals with Sardinian, a language with an especially complex interplay of a stratified phonological lexicon and various phonological rules at word-boundaries. We will consider younger speakers of this minority language, who have experienced a break in the parental transmission in favour of the dominant language (Italian) and see whether they are able to master the finer aspects of Sardinian phonology. Fieldwork results will be presented showing that a drastic simplification of the system is under way, probably under the influence of Italian itself.</p> Rosangela Lai Copyright (c) 2020 Rosangela Lai https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9695 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Il consonantismo dell’italiano regionale di Ancona: prime indagini sperimentali https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9702 <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Due to its peculiar geopolitical layout, Ancona is connoted by a manifold linguistic profile – particularly for what concerns the consonantal system. However, this area has been so far scarcely investigated from a phonetic perspective. In this work, we propose the first acoustic description of selected consonants, as spoken in the local Italian variety: /p, t, k, s/. Literature unanimously reports that the local dialect is characterized by: a) the consonantal weakening of northern origin, which provokes voicing of /p, t, k, s/ in intervocalic position and degemination; b) the affrication of /s/ after /l, n, r/ – typical of other areas in central Italy. The aim is to verify whether these phenomena are attested also in the Italian variety spoken in Ancona. For this purpose, we conducted an acoustic analysis on spontaneous productions of 12 adult subjects (6 males and 6 females). While the sonorization of intervocalic /s/, which occurs in both northern and standard Italian pronunciations with all the well-known exceptions, is regular, the sonorization/lenition of voiceless plosives and degemination do not surface systematically. Presumably, these traits are perceived – more or less consciously – as socio-phonetic markers, thus mostly avoided in the pronunciation of Italian. At phonetic level, the dialectal interference is however statistically more pervasive in the male sample.</span></p> Ottavia Tordini Copyright (c) 2020 Ottavia Tordini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9702 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Language learning through TV: the RAI offer between past and present https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9703 <p class="p1">In the past, RAI played a fundamental role for linguistic unification in Italy when dialects were still the only means by which Italians were able to express themselves. In fact, the advent of TV has contributed to the spread of Italian by becoming a real language school. However, over time due to a strong marketing of the offer, its commitment to education has gradually diminished to leave more space for information and entertainment programs. Due to the serious emergency that hit the whole world, with the schools closed, it became necessary for RAI to support teachers. TV brings students into contact with various communication contexts; provides them with many inputs, both linguistic and cultural, which can increase their motivation, their active participation in teaching practice and their knowledge. Language learning TV courses can have several functions and advantages, even if originally aimed at a general audience, they can be integrated into school and academic teaching and become part of the program. This does not detract from the role of teachers as it is their task to guide the teaching of the foreign language, taking advantage of television courses.</p> Deborah Cappelli Copyright (c) 2020 Deborah Cappelli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9703 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Il "blended learning" nella formazione per i dirigenti e gli insegnanti delle scuole secondarie in contesti multiculturali attuata dall’Università di Firenze https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9704 <p class="p1">This paper examines the implementation of e-learning and blended learning strategies in training programmes for teachers as an innovation in online learning. Indeed, blended learning is an approach to education that combines online educational materials with traditional place-based classroom methods. Referring to research literature, some of the characteristics of the above mentioned methods are here highlighted. Moreover, the training program for teachers and managers of secondary schools in multicultural contexts, financed by the FAMI National Program and implemented in blended learning mode at the University of Florence, is also presented.</p> Maria Grazia Proli Copyright (c) 2020 Maria Grazia Proli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9704 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 ELF pedagogy and awareness: an action research applied to Italian tertiary students in ELF Skype interactions https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9705 <p class="p1">English today is the language of global communication and has gradually developed into a number of varieties shaped by speakers from different lingua-cultural backgrounds. This contribution discusses action research applied in an English language classroom of Italian and Spanish tertiary students with the purpose of exploring the open question of the legitimation of a less prescriptive, but more pragmatic, <em>pedagogical space</em>, where the teaching objective is constituted by the adoption of ELF-informed practices to foster learners’ ELF-awareness and confidence as intercultural speakers. From a pedagogical perspective, this contribution also encourages teachers to challenge the traditional WE teaching paradigm through an ELF-aware approach.</p> Antonio Taglialatela, Giulia Tardi Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Taglialatela, Giulia Tardi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9705 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Persuasion we live by: symbols, metaphors and linguistic strategies https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9706 <p class="p1">Persuasive discourse, typically in political communication,<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>implies arousing adherence. Persuasion aims to bring out a shared semantic territory in the audience, a common, often hidden or unconscious, worldview. Naturally, persuasion is the privilege of a person someway associated with signs denoting “power, commitment, fairness, and social attractiveness”. Substantially, persuasion is a cognitive process triggered or implemented by messages capable to influencing the attitudes of persons and their representation of the world. Thus, language of persuasion involves linguistic and pragmatic tools effective in influencing the collective imaginary and the feelings and beliefs of the people. Argumentative and rhetorical devices, metaphors, the structure of the sentence, lexical selection, symbols and images contribute to achieving persuasive effects by evoking a common cognitive ground as the basic dimension of legitimization and identity. This theoretical framework is tested on the basis of the political communication of some leaders which played or currently play an important role in the past or current Italian politics, such as Mussolini, De Gasperi, Togliatti, Berlusconi, Salvini and others. Their rhetorical choices and the symbols they rely on will be analyzed with the purpose of investigating the concealed or implicated semantics of their messages.</p> Benedetta Baldi Copyright (c) 2020 Benedetta Baldi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9706 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Communication strategies in the infodemic era https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9707 <p class="p1">The disruptive revolution brought by internet and social media platforms in the last two decades have had major repercussion in the conceptualization of the world of information and many of its dynamics. In the last decade we have a conspicuous crescent amount of scientific literature focused on social media environments and, consequently, many new fields of application and research studies have spread. Social media platforms possess an accessible democratic nature that opens to everyone the territories once lead by the mass media, official sources of political parties, organizations, and governmental institutions. In this article we will explore some of these peculiar dynamics and phenomena examining how social media have been involved by and have contributed to constructing the frame of the current global pandemic caused by Coronavirus. We also try to demonstrate that structural changes in communication, made possible by the very nature of the digital dimension of social media, and the narrative-subjective approach to the facts have undermined the epistemological basis of truth.</p> Serena Camilla Crocchi Copyright (c) 2020 Serena Camilla Crocchi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9707 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 All’ascolto dei nativi digitali: descrizione di un’esperienza di dialogo https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9439 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This paper presents an experience of digital education carried out in 77 Florentine school classes, thanks to a project realized by the libraries of the Municipality of Florence. The 144 meetings are discussed to start a reflection generating from real, field-collected data about what is being done in schools in digital education today, about what could be done and what, perhaps, should be done. One of the most interesting facts emerged from the meetings concerns the discrepancy between the digital knowledge that students show (to their parents and teachers) and what they really know and, consequently, what they would need to learn. Possibly, it is necessary to rethink the kind of digital education carried out in schools in Italy, perhaps considering it less as a mere subject and more as a whole new mindset and cognitive approach.</p> </div> </div> </div> Vera Gheno Copyright (c) 2020 Vera Gheno https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9439 Wed, 22 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 La lingua debole dei poteri forti: Matteo Salvini e Luigi Di Maio su Twitter https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9709 <p class="p1">The article investigates the morpho-syntactic characteristics and the Gulpease readability index of a finite number of tweets extracted from the @matteosalvinimi and the @luigidimaio Twitter accounts. The study material refers to two distinct time periods: the tweets preceding the election victory (1 January 2015 - 4 March 2018) and the tweets produced immediately after the election victory (5 March 2018 - 31 August 2019). The aim of the work is to evaluate the linguistic level of the current political communication, also in relation to the level of education of the Italian population; in order to use reliable answers, the obtained data were compared with the results of the linguistic analysis (carried out following the same prerogatives) of the first twenty-eight articles of the Constitution of the Italian Republic, and also of six school essays written by students attending different classes.</p> Susanna Giovinazzo Copyright (c) 2020 Susanna Giovinazzo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9709 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Beyond the words: Pier Paolo Pasolini and the language as spirit of life https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9710 <p class="p1">During his rich and varied activity, Pier Paolo Pasolini was very intrigued by linguistic theories, and he himself committed to many interesting dissertations about language. The reflection about the nature and the conditions of all different forms of expression has always been the core of his personal and artistic life, starting from his own experience as a dialectal poet (which he always motivated and commented in his theoretical linguistic essays), passing through his famous intervention of 1964 concerning the advent of a new, technological Italian language, until his last, desperate complain about the ruin of Italian dialects. This overview about Pasolini’s contribution to Italian linguistic scene of last century may be useful to reassess the value of his penetrating insights, too often neglected by the critics because of his unconventional and provocative way of reasoning, which prevented him from being taken seriously from a theoretical standpoint. Since many of his intuitions have proved to be valid over time both from a social and a linguistic point of view, it may be interesting to consider Pier Paolo Pasolini’s heritage not only in terms of his literary, critical or cinematographic work, but also, finally, under a linguistic perspective.</p> Maria Teresa Venturi Copyright (c) 2020 Maria Teresa Venturi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9710 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Contributors https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9711 <p>Abstract</p> AAVV AAVV Copyright (c) 2020 AAVV AAVV https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bsfm-qulso/article/view/9711 Thu, 10 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000