Cambio. Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio <p><strong>CAMBIO</strong>. Rivista sulle trasformazioni sociali is a peer-reviewed and open-access electronic journal now in its nineth year. It aims to promote theoretical and analytical debates at international level arising from contributions focused on processes of change that are affecting present-day individuals and societies at both local and global levels. CAMBIO's main inspiration is sociological, but it has deliberately chosen to place itself in the open field of the social sciences, convinced that there can be no real depth of specialization without acceptance of the challenge of complexity, a challenge that must be faced in any attempt to interpret, understand, explain or comprehend.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Cambio. Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali 2239-1118 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> Pandemia, processi di trasformazione e nuove figurazioni sociali. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/13483 <p>No abstract</p> Vincenzo Marasco Copyright (c) 2022 Vincenzo Marasco https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-13483 Giovani newcomers a Milano ai tempi del Covid-19: la nuova vulnerabilità urbana https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/12814 <p>La riconversione dell’economia urbana in chiave di industria creativa e della conoscenza ha richiesto un forte investimento strategico nel migliorare la capacità attrattiva delle città, puntando soprattutto sui giovani talenti. Tale processo è avvenuto senza considerare la distanza tra alto capitale culturale e basso capitale economico di questa popolazione che, dal punto di vista abitativo, si traduce in una condizione di particolare fragilità, mostrando il tema dell’<em>affordability </em>in tutta la sua incoerenza, che non sempre, tra l’altro, interessa solo ed esclusivamente il segmento del mercato immobiliare più marginale, ma può assumere anche altre forme di fragilità. Il paper si basa su una un ricerca empirica effettuata durante il primo <em>lockdown </em>su un campione di 849 famiglie di <em>newcomers</em> residenti a Milano da meno di 5 anni<em>.</em> L’obiettivo della ricerca è stato quello di indagare come la popolazione dei <em>newcomers</em> abbia vissuto la fase di emergenza della pandemia tra il 30 aprile e il 24 maggio 2020. La ricerca sulla qualità abitativa ha messo in evidenza aspetti di fragilità economica e di isolamento sociale, principalmente dovuto alla mancanza di reti sociali nel quartiere. L’esperienza di confinamento nella città attrattiva ha cambiato le preferenze residenziali future per molti neo-residenti, ipotizzando nuovi possibili scenari nella città post-pandemica.&nbsp;</p> Alessandra Terenzi Silvia Mugnano Igor Costarelli Copyright (c) 2022 Alessandra TERENZI, Silvia Mugnano, Igor Costarelli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-12814 Love and the lockdown. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/8946 <p>This study contributes to the growing strand of research on the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic. The home confinement imposed as part of nationwide movement restrictions in many countries represents an exceptional setting for the study of intimate relationships. Did the lockdown reduce partnership quality? In this study, we present some descriptive findings based on a online survey conducted during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in France, Italy and Spain. Around 12% of those interviewed in the three countries reported that their relationship with their partner had worsened during the lockdown and about 2.5% intended to split up. In addition, we show that negative emotions – such as feeling lonely – and deterioration of income/work conditions are associated with a worsening of partnership quality. In all, we suggest that the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic are not only economic; couples and intimate relationships have been vulnerable, too.</p> Daniela Bellani Daniele Vignoli Copyright (c) 2022 Daniela Bellani, Daniele Vignoli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.13128/cambio-8946 Autoisolamento sociale volontario ed emergenza Covid-19. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/10399 <p>Il fenomeno conosciuto con il termine giapponese “Hikikomori” - che significa letteralmente “mettersi da parte” - è comparso inizialmente in Giappone alla fine degli anni Ottanta, per poi diffondersi con forme diversificate e “ibride” nel mondo occidentale.</p> <p>I ragazzi hikikomori attuano un volontario e consapevole ritiro da ogni rapporto sociale veicolato dalla presenza fisica o dall’interazione diretta con una ricaduta negativa sulle prestazioni scolastiche, sulla capacità relazionale e sull’autostima e sull’autoefficacia percepita (Ricci 2009; Saito 2013).</p> <p>Il presente lavoro di ricerca rappresenta un'indagine esplorativa sulle dimensioni psicologiche, sociali ed immaginarie dei giovani hikikomori italiani rispetto alle misure di contenimento della diffusione del coronavirus durante il <em>lockdown</em> generalizzato, (temporalmente identificato tra il 9 marzo ed il 4 maggio 2020).</p> <p>Dall’analisi è possibile indentificare due aspetti che potrebbero orientare sviluppi futuri di ricerca: la necessità di <em>depatologizzare </em>e di <em>destigmatizzare </em>l’autoisolamento sociale volontario e della socialità online e la presa di distanza da sovrapposizioni concettuali, tra la loro condizione e l’esperienza vissuta dalle persone durante il confinamento domiciliare previsto dalle norme di contenimento del COVID-19.</p> Giuseppe Masullo Copyright (c) 2022 GIUSEPPE MASULLO https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-10399 Essere, diventare, o scoprirsi anziani durante l’emergenza Covid-19 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/10180 <p>The idea that older people should be active agents has dominated policy discourse across health, social care and housing that has a core care function.&nbsp;In the context of ageing population, the active and successful ageing paradigm risks to exacerbating existing inequalities and disadvantages that take shape along the life course and that cross several aspects of everyday life. The covid-19 pandemic shed light on areas of inequalities and social exclusion in old age. This paper, based on interviews with both representatives of services for older adults and people over 65 living in a city of Northern Italy, aims at exploring representations and (self)perceptions of ageing in the wake of the health emergency, with a focus on the re-definition of everyday life and habits, emerging needs, and on the weakness of services in front of an unprecedented and unpredictable situation. Results will show that public representations of ageing during the pandemic came into tension with older adult’s self-perceptions, bringing to light dynamics of social exclusion and even of a “benevolent” ageism.</p> <p><span lang="it">&nbsp;</span></p> Valeria Cappellato Eugenia Mercuri Copyright (c) 2022 Valeria Cappellato, Eugenia Mercuri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-10180 Il lavoro da remoto alla prova dell’emergenza https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/11489 <p>Remote work entered the lives of many workers since the first months of 2020, when the pandemic spread around the world. The use of remote work then gave rise to what has been defined as "a great social experiment". In the situation of general uncertainty that the pandemic has produced, the usual work regulation and negotiation processes in the workplace have been suspended and replaced by quick and one-sided decisions. The article, on the one hand, explores the modes and times with which organizational transformations have been absorbed by organizations and workers; on the other hand, it investigates the reactions of workers to the messages sent by their companies about the urgent reorganization imposed by the spread of pandemic. While government-level measures were often fragmented and difficult to understand, companies have often been providing a “filter to uncertainty”, through the reorganization of work and the introduction of rules for health safety. In our opinion this is the key to explain the rapidity of the adaptation observed in the transition and its substantial acceptance by the employees, who tended to give up not only conflict, but even “voice” strategies. The metaphor of war and of the presence of a common enemy, combined with the desire to feel useful, have pushed workers to do everything possible to enhance their contribution, including self-training and voluntary working overtime.</p> Sonia Bertolini Giovanna Fullin Valentina Goglio Valentina Pacetti Simone Tosi Marinella Vercelli Copyright (c) 2022 Sonia Bertolini, Giovanna Fullin, Valentina Goglio, Valentina Pacetti, Simone Tosi, Marinella Vercelli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-11489 Being a nomad in one’s home: The case of Italian women during Covid-19 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/10778 <p>How did women relate to space and time when working at home during the COVID-19 pandemic? We contextualized women’s relationships with their home spaces as they became nomads in their own homes during the lockdown. In face-to-face focus-group interviews conducted with 50 women who had experience with smart work or telework in Tuscany, Italy, we observed a range of strategies among women who dealt with forced closures during COVID-19. Justification and acceptance of inequality became a part of the daily life of the women, who fought against unequal distribution of time and space via negotiation, evidence, adaptation, or requests to return to workplaces. During COVID-19, Italian working women were in search of space and time in their own homes, trying relentlessly to respond to the demands of their families and fulfil work-related requirements.</p> Sahizer Samuk Sandra Burchi Copyright (c) 2022 Sahizer Samuk, Sandra Burchi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-10778 Civilising Pressures in Globally Expanding Networks of Functional Interdependence: Power Inequalities and Equalities. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/13265 <p>Over the past three hundred years, with the emancipation of people as individuals and groups, social definitions of differences in inequality and equality -particularly those in social and political power, wealth and rank - have increasingly shifted from being designated as ‘bad luck’ in the direction of ‘social injustice’. These are now debated as signs of changing social power relations, both in economic and political terms. On a global level, increasing inequality is reported to coincide with</p> <p>the reduction in these relations, while integration coincides with integration conflicts and with part-processes of disintegration, defunctionalisation and decivilisation. These contradictory directions can be understood by analysing them as tension balances. Two key questions are addressed here: Which side is (or becomes) dominant? At what level of integration does this occur? I show how the contradicting trends of integration and disintegration have been&nbsp;co-dominant: growing social interdependencies such as those based upon the controls of fire, agriculture and industry, have coincided with growing ‘equality’&nbsp;and&nbsp;‘inequality’ in power, wealth and rank. They coincided further with rising pressures on everyone involved to take more of each other into account more often, to develop longer-term perspectives, and to identify with other people regardless of their social origins. These pressures in civilising&nbsp;directions include the informalisation of regimes of manners and emotions and their internalisation, processes in which people exercise increasing control over their emotions, feelings and displays of superiority and inferiority in particular, resulting in rising levels of ambivalence and higher levels of trust&nbsp;and&nbsp;distrust.</p> Cas Wouters Copyright (c) 2022 Cas Wouters https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-13265 Established or Outsiders? https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/11861 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The works of Elias, characterised by his unique relational and processual gaze, have recently inspired much research in the migration field. In particular, the established-outsiders figuration has opened a fruitful way to overcome the tendency of naturalising cultural and economic differences, hiding the power relations among different groups.</p> <p>The objective of this paper is to apply the figurational framework to the study of the Tunisian community living in Modena (Northern Italy). The originality of the study resides in the choice of a particular figuration in which three interdependent groups are present: the Italian autochthones, the elder Tunisian community and the new group of Tunisians arrived after 2011.</p> <p>Following the process of establishment of the elder part of the Tunisian community we observe how a structural change in the figuration (as the arrival of a new group of Tunisian people) had deep social and symbolic consequences, hindering the integration of the old Tunisians in the Modenese context.</p> <p>The study marks an advancement in the application of the established-outsiders figuration in the migration studies and constitutes a valid example for analysing the integration of increasingly older migrant communities in Italy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Andrea Calabretta Vincenzo Romania Copyright (c) 2022 Andrea Calabretta, Vincenzo Romania https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-11861 «Hands off the olive trees!»: the epistemic war in the Xylella fastidiosa epidemic in Italy. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/12308 <p>The article focuses on the online storytelling concerning the <em>Xylella fastidiosa</em> outbreak in the Apulia region (Italy), as represented by a collection of User-generated content retrieved from Facebook, YouTube, and Reddit over a time span of 6 years (&gt;16k comments). We examine the episode as a revelatory case of framing mechanisms that, in many technoscientific conflicts, enable different epistemologies to compete on an equal basis: «mainstream» scientific knowledge, and «alternative» contents (i.e. «non-orthodox» science, local and traditional knowledge). We use Computer-Assisted Text Analysis (CATA) to investigate popular themes and their semantic vocabulary. We find that discourses on <em>Xylella fastidiosa</em> are strongly polarized and structured around two conflicts: «expertise vs. politics» on one hand, and «scientific vs alternative» solutions on the other. Then, we identify three main knowledge production strategies and introduce a typology of «non-mainstream» methods and cures, highlighting the formal traits and argumentation strategies that may have made them more credible than knowledge provided by «official» science. We nevertheless call for more research that may find a recursiveness in such framing mechanisms in the online representation of other technoscientific conflicts.&nbsp;</p> Giuseppe Tipaldo Fabio Bruno Sara Rocutto Copyright (c) 2022 Giuseppe Tipaldo, Fabio Bruno, Sara Rocutto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-12308 One Health come utopia della scienza e scienza dell’utopia https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/12168 <p>The One Health approach emphasises the need to tackle the challenges of human, animal and ecosystem health using a more integrated approach. Since the mid-2000s and even more since the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, public health scholars and policy makers have been paying an increasing attention to the One Health approach. The authors retrace the different reconstructions on the origins and meanings of the One Health approach with the use of an interdisciplinary case study jointly conducted by sociologists and veterinary epidemiologists in the context of dairy cattle farms located in the provinces of Turin and Cuneo. In the context of the “risk society” theorised by Ulrich Beck, the division of labour between science, politics and economics breaks apart and has to be renegotiated. In such a perspective, One Health appears as a utopia of science structured as a field of research and interdisciplinary intervention held together by a common project of the future. Besides, One Health is a science of utopia aimed at avoiding the disaster with the same tools that scientists use to foresee the possibility of it happening in the future.&nbsp;</p> Giacomo Balduzzi Anna Rosa Favretto Copyright (c) 2022 Giacomo Balduzzi, Anna Rosa Favretto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-12168 Straniamento e senso comune https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/10626 <p>In this paper, I want to show that the sociological concept of common-sense is strictly related to another concept which should be considered as its complementary antagonist, i.e. cognitive estrangement. If we compare Alfred Schütz’s version of «common-sense» to Viktor Šklovskij’s notion of «estrangement», we notice an impressive series of similarities in the way in which the Austrian sociologist and the Russian literary theorist dealt with perceptive automatisms and routines of everyday life. On the one hand, as social agents and subject of knowledge, we need the taken-for-granted of common-sense as a set of orientation devices in our lifeworld; on the other hand, defamiliarization impacts on transformational processes of common-sense as well as cognitive purposes related to the arts and sciences. This paper evaluates some consequences of this ambivalent perceptive tendency from a sociological perspective, focusing on relational practices of language, recognition and knowledge processes. In the final part, it deals with the role of common-sense and estrangement in shaping a hybrid model of autoreflexive rationality for social sciences.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Daniele Garritano Copyright (c) 2022 Daniele Garritano https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-10626 ‘Sentivo che stavo facendo la cosa giusta’. Aspettative di mobilità geografica e traiettorie socio-culturali degli studenti e delle studentesse in Italia https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/11564 <p>In the last decades, the increasing geographic mobility of young people (for educational, professional, and further reasons) has led scholars of youth studies to shift their interest towards this phenomenon for better understanding the new forms of transition to adulthood. Nevertheless, it seems that little attention has been paid until now to the interdependence between their geographic mobility and their family, territorial and cultural origins and therefore how these factors affect how young people image and project their transition to adulthood. Thus, departing from the research fields of youth studies, mobility studies, and higher education studies, this article focuses on the mobility paths of Italian students and the ways they understand their mobility condition (starting from the question whether it is a free choice or not), taking into account, on the one hand, the growing pressure of a more and more competitive global labor market and, on the other hand, the cultural and economic resources (or capitals) they cumulated through their family and territorial socialization. In the analysis, we will however highlight how, despite the conditions sometimes not favorable, the respondents showed a reflexive competence when they make choices about their education, mobility and professional path and think about their ways of becoming ‘adult’.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ilenya Camozzi Barbara Gruning Maria Grazia Gambardella Copyright (c) 2022 Ilenya Camozzi, Barbara Gruning, Mariagrazia Gambardella https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-11564 Legami logorati https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/11560 <p>This article discusses and analyses the processes that are producing a progressive strain on social ties, the impoverishment of solidarity relationships and the breakdown of the community spirit. The transformations that the world is experiencing have a significant impact on the public policies and social structure and are producing increased processes of social exclusion. Social exclusion is here referred to the structure of social relationship and social ties that reveals the mechanism causing marginalization and the processes associate with it. In post-modernity, as a result of processes of globalization processes and social and economic crisis, the social ties have become more fragile, and they are affecting the stability of society. Solidarity, common values, and a sense of community belonging keep society united by legitimising social institutions to carry out their function and providing citizens with ways of learning (and exercising) rights and duties.</p> <p>The strain on the social ties, which in turn produces new forms of personal and collective instability, also highlights a progressive disappearance of public and social spaces, it seems as if social fora, communication and inclusive communities are going through a radical crisis. The article presents the first results of a social inquiry carried out in four Italian cities through a psycho-social approach named Listening Post. This research’s aim is to explore and understand (i) the underlying dynamics of the strained social ties are under, (ii) the impact of these dynamics on individual and collective action, (iii) the experiences of “counter- movement” as a process of bottom-up mobilization for social creativity and innovation.</p> Francesca Falcone Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Falcone https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-11560 La trasformazione silenziosa della globalizzazione giuridica. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/10455 <p>The transformation of law from an anthropological shape of habits, traditions, beliefs on a local community scale to a much more logical, abstract, formal, deductible, general and artificial conception of law is one of the mirrors through which globalization emerges. To be very simple: community law is much more a matter of socio-anthropological habits of which local moral values affect law making, on the contrary the abstract general, artificial conception of law is aimed at making law among social sciences what mathematics is among natural ns: a kind of formal and cross disciplinary language. In the globalization process the transformation is rather clear on a epistemological level but applied legal practice the different branches of law are more and more turning into mathematics the more global the world order evolves. Company law, Taxation law, Health Law, trade Law, intellectual Property Law, etc. are among the others more and more “mathematical” also through the efforts of OECD, WTO; WIPO WTO nevertheless criminal law still remains rather anthropological and it is an important problem setting for the institutional designers whose job on the criminal law side is to find some global alignment tool and exemplary case. Prescription in criminal law can be an interesting example as it is also an indicator of the decision making speed of courts which is, for example, a key criterion for the European Union which use Justice policy is about assessing how the local administrations of justice manage it.</p> Sara Petroccia Andrea Pitasi Emilia Ferone Copyright (c) 2022 Sara Petroccia, Andrea Pitasi, Emilia Ferone https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-10455 Re(reading) Travail et travailleurs en Algérie https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/13033 <p>Twenty years after the death of Pierre Bourdieu, his vast corpus continues to fuel lively debates on an international level. Over the last few years, several scholars have been interested in the link between Bourdieu and the sociology of work and the legacy of his conceptual apparatus for the sociological study of Labor. In 2021, in France, one of his lesser-known books, <em>Travail et travailleurs en Algéri</em>e, was republished in an updated version. This critical reading pursues a triple objective: to highlight how, firstly, already in this early phase of his career, Bourdieu began to define some of the methodological and epistemological assumptions of his sociology: the relevance of reflexivity; a methodological approach that combines ethnography and statistics, overcoming the sterile contrast between objectivism and subjectivism; an idea of sociology that crosses the frontiers between the social sciences and disciplinary specializations. Secondly, the analysis of this book allows us to retrace the genesis of the concept of habitus, starting from the influence exercised on Bourdieu by Weber's study on the link between Protestant ethics and the spirit of capitalism. Finally, the re(reading) of <em>Travail et travailleurs en Algérie</em> consent to describe the substantially positive meaning that Bourdieu attributes to work, as an activity, and even more to employment in contemporary capitalist societies.</p> Gabriele Pinna Copyright (c) 2022 Gabriele Pinna https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-13033 Bruno Trentin. La libertà viene prima. La libertà come posta in gioco nel conflitto sociale https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/13484 <p>No abstract</p> Giovanni Mari Copyright (c) 2022 Giovanni Mari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-13484 Bruno Trentin. La libertà viene prima. La libertà come posta in gioco nel conflitto sociale https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/13485 <p>No abstract</p> Paolo Giovannini Copyright (c) 2022 Paolo Giovannini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-13485 Gianpiero Dalla Zuanna, Daniele Vignoli Piacere e fedeltà. I millennials italiani e il sesso https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/13486 <p>No abstract</p> Raffaella Ferrero Camoletto Copyright (c) 2022 Raffaella Ferrero Camoletto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-13486 Scarlett Salman, Aux bons soins du capitalisme. Le coaching en entreprise https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/13487 <p>No abstract</p> Lara Maestripieri Copyright (c) 2022 Lara Maestripieri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-13487 Profiles https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/cambio/article/view/13488 <p>No abstract</p> Editorial Cambio Copyright (c) 2022 Editorial Cambio https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 11 22 10.36253/cambio-13488