Media Education 2021-06-09T14:09:21+00:00 Maria Ranieri Open Journal Systems <p>“Media Education. Studi, ricerche, buone pratiche” è la rivista ufficiale del MED. Pubblicata online con cadenza semestrale, si configura come multiprodotto ad alta innovazione: sito tematico di materiali integrativi multimediali e di incontro/dibattito della community. Rispecchiando la mission del MED, la rivista rende produttivo e visibile l’incontro tra studiosi e docenti universitari, professionisti dei media, insegnanti ed educatori nella scuola e nel territorio interessati e impegnati nella Media Education, sia in Italia che all’estero; si avvale dell’esperienza ventennale delle Summer School (con oltre 2000 presenze) in cui è risultata vincente la strategia di coniugare teoria e pratica laboratoriale.</p> <p>La rivista si divide in 2 parti:</p> <p><strong>La prima – Studi e Ricerche –</strong>&nbsp;propone contributi che intervengono nel dibattito scientifico intorno ai concetti-chiave e alle prassi della Media Education. L’approccio complessivo aspira a cogliere la complessità del rapporto media-giovani e a collegarsi con le principali esperienze internazionali. Particolare attenzione viene posta alle nuove interpretazioni, analisi e ricerche nel campo del rapporto tra educazione e comunicazione all’interno dei diversi contesti mediaeducativi: dalla scuola al territorio, dal profit al non profit.</p> <p><strong>La seconda parte – Buone pratiche di Media Education –</strong>&nbsp;legata all’analisi e alla valutazione – si propone come spazio di visibilità e confronto di esperienze mediaeducative, di attività formative e di ricerca-azione attinenti ai temi affrontati, presentate dagli insegnanti, dagli educatori, dagli animatori culturali o in generale dai media educator.</p> La ciberconexión como cultura mediática. Redes sociales, competencia mediática, ciudadanía 2021-06-09T14:07:41+00:00 Ignacio Aguaded Águeda Delgado Ponce <p>.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ignacio Aguaded, Águeda Delgado-Ponce Tiktokers y objetivación sexual de género en retos musicales 2021-06-09T14:09:21+00:00 Arantxa Vizcaíno-Verdú Simona Tirocchi <p class="p1">The rise of social media such as TikTok, where short-content takes prominence, has generated a trend of online musical challenges. Songs from the music industry have made way for amateur choreography that is becoming viralized around the world, and replicated in a constant network algorithm. This study seeks to address gender differences and the sexual objectification of musical challenges on the platform. For this purpose, a descriptive and correlational content analysis was conducted for eight popular songs on the platform, in a sample of 400 <span class="s1">tiktoks</span>, 200 females and 200 males. Based on the analysis of the sexual objectification of music videos, we applied a codification that collected race and age demographics, followed by interpretative-choreographic factors such as body exposure, perpetration and gaze, decorative role, facial attractiveness, body shape, degree of global sexualization, provocative dress, and sexual dancing. The results revealed a significant statistical relationship between gender and sexual objectification in all cases, except in the choreography and sensual movements, sexual positions and seductive expressions. In the rest of the codes analyzed predominated the female gender. From this group, the exposure of body, facial attractiveness and provocative clothing differed. To sum up, the research introduces a new social phenomenon characterized by the sexualization of its young performers, where gender differences are accentuated perpetuating the media pattern of the music industry.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 A. Vizcaíno-Verdú, S. Tirocchi Educare gli adolescenti ai social network. Una ricerca esplorativa su un campione di progetti nelle scuole italiane. Tendenze e modelli di analisi 2021-06-09T14:09:09+00:00 Livia Fugalli <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The massive use of social networks by adolescents is a challenging phenomenon which created, in response to a range of psychological and social problems, the development of educational interventions aimed at making adolescents more aware, competent, and responsible. The research identifies and analyzes, on the basis of appropriate documentation, 22 educational projects having the aims and scope mentioned above, which took place in the last decade in several middle and high schools in Italy. Through a set of previously established criteria, an evaluation is carried out in order to describe the most widespread methods applied by such educational interventions. Based on the results, a method of analysis is built through critical comparison, aimed at examining the strengths and weaknesses of the examined projects and at guiding teachers, educators and other specialists in evaluating and designing further projects about the relationship between social networks and adolescents, inside and outside schools.</span></p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Livia Fugalli On life: adolescenti tra narrazioni e identità 2021-06-09T14:08:49+00:00 Antonia Cava Assunta Penna Debora Pizzimenti <p class="p1">In this paper, we investigate how young people use social media. In particular, we analyse their narrative strategies and what is considered crucial in others’ social representation. This research study was carried out in the high schools of Reggio Calabria, a provincial capital medium-sized in the south of Italy. Using a survey, we investigate the everyday uses of the Internet technologies by girls and boys aged between fourteen and sixteen: their performed activities, the smartphone role in their family and peers relationships, the impact of the digital content on their behaviours. According to our findings, dichotomy interpretations of the digital ecosystem turn out to be misleading: people live consistently within both environments of an existence <span class="s1">on-life</span>. In the conclusions, we claim that we should not stigmatise this double environment lives, but understand and give it value.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Antonia Cava, Assunta Penna, Debora Pizzimenti Developing support teachers’ digital competencies for an inclusive citizenship 2021-06-09T14:08:30+00:00 Giuseppa Cappuccio Giuseppa Compagno <p class="p1">The present work focuses on the construct of digital citizenship from an educational and inclusive point of view. Considering the general European interest in implementing citizens’ digital skills and with particular care for the contemporary situation of overall emergency, due to the Covid 19 pandemic case, the idea is that of considering a possible conceptual link between digital skills and the Capability Approach. In the light of an ‘Education for all’, the aware development of teachers and, particularly support teachers’ digital skills, may be a crucial key to enact inclusive processes able to guarantee any pupil and student the chance to become a capable and valuable citizen, despite his/her frailties and social failures. This paper is part of a wider research project entitled “Best practices and tools of analysis in schools and community contexts: learning, teaching &amp; inclusion”, started in March 2019 and funded by the Department of Psychological, Pedagogical Sciences, Physical Exercise and Training, of the University of Palermo, and of which just a segment related to the analysis of support teachers’ digital competence is reported here.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Giuseppa Cappuccio, Giuseppa Compagno Alfabetización del profesorado en gamificación mediada por las TIC. Estado del arte 2021-06-09T14:08:02+00:00 Beatriz R. Sarmiento María Ángeles Hernández Prados Noelia Carbonell Bernal María Cinta Aguaded Gómez <p class="p1">Recognizing the need for teacher literacy, highly supported by educational research, this work aims to carry out a reflective exercise on the educational potential of gamification mediated by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and its inclusion in the educational curriculum, offering all those aspects that a teacher who wishes to start in the gamification of their subject should know. To do this, following the methodological parameters of the state of the art, the concepts related to the term, such as learning through games or gamification, among others, are reviewed, as well as the features and characteristics of this active methodology and the educational impact it has in students, considering the perspective of different authors and the results of various investigations. Finally, some ICT tools and psychopedagogical guidelines are exposed that facilitate the implementation of gamification in the classroom by teachers. Every literacy process implies reaching the teaching competence level that contributes to the experiential transfer of knowledge to the classroom. With this intention this article has been constructed, wishing that it was inspiring and that it promoted the teaching methodological change.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 B.R. Sarmiento, Mª Á. Hernández-Prados, N. Carbonell Bernal, M.C. Aguaded Gómez Dimensiones e indicadores de la competencia mediática en Educación Infantil 2021-06-09T14:07:55+00:00 Irene Melgarejo Moreno <p class="p1">Media literacy is based on dimensions that include a series of indicators that address knowledge, skills and attitudes of the so-called media competence. The purpose of this study is to facilitate the promotion of media competence in the Second Cycle of Early Childhood Education, for which it is necessary to carry out a selection and adaptation of the dimensions and indicators in relation to the characteristics of the child, which facilitate its implementation in the classroom by teachers and the progressive acquisition of this competence in students. An exhaustive review of the literature on media literacy and in relation to the nature of childhood is carried out in order to adapt the indicators to the particularities of this educational stage.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Irene Melgarejo-Moreno Doctorados virtuales centroamericanos: educomunicación, formación de tutores y calidad en la producción de conocimiento 2021-06-09T14:08:11+00:00 Nelly A. Chévez-Reynosa María Rodríguez-Rosell Ignacio Aguaded <p class="p1">A wide offer of quality doctorate degrees stimulates a greater production of research and new knowledge that contribute to the development of science. Virtual education can contribute to expanding this offer. However, in Central America, doctoral degrees are limited, despite an increase in the offer of master’s degree programs in recent decades (more than 2000). Of the total of postgraduate degrees, 2% correspond to doctorate degrees programs and out of this amount, virtual programs barely reach a 2%. The bodies responsible for accrediting the quality of regional postgraduate courses do not have specific evaluation models for the virtual modality. In this context, this study was carried out to identify factors that guarantee the quality of virtual doctorate degrees in Central American contexts and determine areas of training for tutors in this modality of higher education. With a qualitative methodology, applying the phenomenological method and the focused interview technique, an intentional non-probabilistic sample was established with 40 virtual postgraduate teachers from the six Central American countries, reaching the level of information saturation. As a conclusion, it is confirmed that the quality of a doctorate degree requires ensuring factors that guarantee the development of solid research skills and the generation of original scientific knowledge that could contribute to the advancement of science, among these, an adequate communication between tutors and students and an educommunication training.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nelly A. Chévez-Reynosa, María Rodríguez-Rosell, Ignacio Aguaded Cine para la Educación. Aprender de seis décadas de buenas experiencias educomunicativas 2021-06-09T14:09:00+00:00 José M. Merchán M. Cruz Alvarado Susana de Andrés Agustín García-Matilla <p class="p1">The Lumiere brothers, inventors of the cinematograph, did not think that it could be more interesting than a mere fairground attraction. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, the cinema was considered a medium of immense educational potential and it has been analyzed from multiple perspectives for its cultural value. Not only was George Meliés the first director to believe in the potential of cinema, simultaneously with the director Alice Guy, fictional cinema also began. Directors and theorists such as Griffith or Eisenstein, Riccioto Canudo, Henry Agel, Guido Aristarco, or André Bazin demonstrated the importance of the language of cinema from a practical perspective. The main objective here is to collect some of the most significant experiences in film pedagogy in the Spanish context, and discover with them the meaning and the sense of delving into this field and its importance in the real context of the screens that nourish the digital environment multimedia and transmedia. From the first film clubs, university experiences, pedagogical associations/groups, and the creation of educational centers, to audiovisual literacy actions for groups at risk of exclusion.&nbsp;As an example of the educational potential of cinema in isolation contexts, we will outline a recent case of its application in penitentiary institutions.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 José M. Merchán, M. Cruz Alvarado, Susana de Andrés, Agustín García-Matilla Medios tradicionales: abrirse al mundo digital o sucumbir 2021-06-09T14:08:39+00:00 Diego Montalván Jorge Galán <p class="p1">This inductive study emphasizes the impact that the penetration of the internet and social networks has had on the Ecuadorian media; In addition, it makes a historical recount, reviews recent indicators on the Ecuadorian radio, television and press, and takes as a reference four cases from Cuenca, Ecuador: the newspapers El Mercurio and El Tiempo, and the Modulated Amplitude, radio station Ondas Azuayas and La Voz del Tomebamba. The financial statements of these four companies show the economic decline between 2009 and 2019, and the results of a quantitative research, through a survey applied in November 2020 to 405 people, show the growing preference of users of digital media. that confirms the crisis of the traditional press. The analysis also raises the need to implement adjustments in business models, introduce new strategies and content to report, review the training of journalists in training and evaluate in the future the news ventures that have arisen in the beginning of the second decade of the second millennium.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Diego Montalván, Jorge Galán Representación de mujeres en noticias sobre violencia de género difundidas por televisión en Bolivia frente a las competencias mediáticas 2021-06-09T14:08:22+00:00 Rigliana Portugal Ignacio Aguaded <p class="p1">The study analyzes the news content of three national television channels in Bolivia (one public and two private), where the treatment of news on gender violence is observed. The methodology proposed by Monitoreo Global de Medios, which addresses gender and media issues, is applied. At the same time, the dimensions of media literacy proposed by Ferrés and Piscitelli (2012) are analyzed in university women who observed the news broadcast on television. The findings show that there are more women (59.05%) than men (40.95%) as protagonists of the articles on gender violence, and that sexist stereotypes are reinforced in the presentation of the news. After applying the questionnaire to 200 university women, the technology dimension reached an advanced level (46.7%) based on knowledge of technological concepts and image processing software. However, the dimension of interaction processes has a high percentage of 59.5% at the basic level, as there is a lack of knowledge of the possibilities of acting critically in the face of violent content presented in the media.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Rigliana Portugal, Ignacio Aguaded Contenidos infantiles convergentes, identidad latinoamericana y los desafíos de las televisiones públicas 2021-06-09T14:07:50+00:00 AVILLARRUBIA Andrea Villarrubia-Martínez Águeda Águeda Delgado-Ponce Ignacio Aguaded-Gómez <p class="p1">Before the pandemic crisis, the irruption of the convergent scenario and the television digitalization forced the Latin American public television to develop strategies that consider new forms of audiovisual consumption and to make the resources profitable, such as the development of digital platforms and co-production with independent creators. <span class="s1">Pakapaka</span>, <span class="s1">TVN</span> and <span class="s1">Señal Colombia</span> coproduced children television programs with Chilean filmmakers that achieved a high audience and received acknowledgements at audiovisual festivals for their quality, their contribution to the local identity and Latin American own nature. Based on a content analysis carried out on tv shows aimed to children, present in both Chilean public digital platforms: <span class="s1">CNTV Infantil</span> (former <span class="s1">Novasur</span>) and <span class="s1">TVN Kids</span>, this study describes the collaborative model from the media literacy perspective, with emphasis on the diversity of children’s programs, considering their origins, acquisition, financing, and characteristics of the protagonist’s characters. The results indicate that the contents are varied and that the presence of female protagonists, native peoples and migrants, although incipient, constitutes a contribution to the identity of the continent’s childhoods. In conclusion, it is essential that public service television can count on permanent funding that promotes the realization of relevant content for children, in accordance with their public service mission, especially in today pandemic crisis and confinement.</p> 2021-05-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Andrea Villarrubia-Martínez, Ignacio Aguaded-Gómez, Águeda Delgado-Ponce