Prometheus. Rivista di studi classici https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus <p><em>Prometheus&nbsp;</em>was founded in 1975 by Adelmo Barigazzi and mainly focuses on research regardin Latin and Greek texts in the belief that antiquity can still be crucial in the uprising of modern pupils. Great interest is given to the analysis of manuscrypts and textual criticism, but also to the interpretation and comment of the works.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Prometheus. Rivista di studi classici 0391-2698 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> L’edizione antica delle opere di Archiloco https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1078 <p>The article investigates the ancient edition of Archilochus’ works. It argues among other things that P.Oxy. 2311 (fr. 48 W.<sup>2</sup>) represents the first column of the <em>Trimeters </em>and that the <em>Epodes </em>were organised according to metre, from the most iambic (beginning with frr. 172-181 W.<sup>2</sup>) to the least iambic (ending with the new fragment preserved by BKT X 11, which was probably entirely dactylic).</p> Enrico Emanuele Prodi Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 3 44 10.14601/prometheus-25779 Aeschylus, Agamemnon 511-512 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1079 <p>In Aesch. <em>Agam</em>. 512, an emendation by M. L. West is supported by a new consideration involving the idiom in which a deity is requested to be sated with former infliction of harm and adopt a more benign attitude.</p> Malcolm Davies Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 45 46 10.14601/prometheus-25780 Euripides, Ion 444-451: δίκη βιαίων und προμηθία https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1080 <p>Against a widespread interpretation, I argue that in vv. 444-447 Euripides is not alluding to an Attic lawsuit called&nbsp;δίκη βιαίων, and that in v. 448&nbsp;προμηθία does not mean something like “foresight” or “care”, but rather is used synonymously with&nbsp;αἰδώς. Consequently, I reject the thesis that in Ion’s monologue (vv. 429-251) almost all emphasis is on Apollo’s supposed negligence of Kreusa and the begotten child, and none on the rape.</p> Hendrik Obsieger Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 47 63 10.14601/prometheus-25781 Il testo dello Scolio ad Euripide Andr. 10 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1081 <p>A new reading of the <em>scholion</em>on Euripides <em>Andr</em>. 10 in the manuscript Marcianus Graecus 471, with the help of the UV lamp, allowed to recover a better text, with benefits also for the fragment of Dionysius of Chalkis (<em>FGrHist</em>1773 F 14) handed down there (about the cities founded in the Troad by Skamandrios and Askanios).</p> Emanuele Dettori Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 64 68 10.14601/prometheus-25782 Lisia 2.59 e la cronologia dell’Epitafio https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1082 <p>In this article, I examine the exegetical issues of Lys. 2.59, recently analyzed by Bearzot and Todd. I argue that there is no problem in identifying in the Persians the subject of the phraseἐνίκησαν μὲν ναυμαχοῦντες τοὺς Ἕλληνας οἱ πρότερον εἰς τὴν θάλατταν οὐκ ἐμβαίνοντες,and that the expression μετὰ τὴν νίκην τῶν βαρβάρωνundoubtedly alludes, <em>pace</em>Bearzot, to the battle of Cnidus. Finally, I propose to reconsider the question concerning the chronology of Lysias’ funeral oration, generally dated to 392/1 BC.</p> Davide Paolillo Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 69 78 10.14601/prometheus-25783 Note critico-testuali ai Sicioni https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1083 <p>Five suggestions for the text of Menander’s <em>Sikyonioi</em>: read φιλανθρωπῶνat line 85; ὡςἂνat line 171 has a paratragic flavour, which supports Arnott’s expunction of ὦat the beginning of line 169; retain the paradosis at line 265 and postulate an aposiopesis (ἀλλά σοι τις – οὐ γάρ;); the uncommon asyndeton ἀνίστ[ατο, | ἐβάδιζεsuggests the alternative reconstruction ἀνίστ[ασο”. | ἐβάδιζε at lines 269-270; read ἀλλ’ἄπε[ιμι νῦνat line 271.</p> Federico Favi Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 79 88 10.14601/prometheus-25784 Alcune osservazioni sui personaggi del Misoumenos di Menandro https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1084 <p>This paper deals with the characterization and dramatic function of some <em>personae</em>in Menander’s <em>Misoumenos</em>. More specifically, the presentation of Thrasonides as a <em>miles</em><em>amato­rius</em>can be supported by a comparison with the behaviour of Charisios in <em>Epitr</em>. 879-900. Theportrait of Thrasonides as the reverse of the traditional comic type presentssome echoes of the final lament of the Sophoclean Herakles (<em>Tr</em>. 1058-1075). Simultaneously, the <em>pallake</em>Krateia clearly subverts the submission to the soldier who bought her, as a comparison with <em>Ajax</em>’s Tecmessa may highlight. Finally, Chrysis should not be identified with Krateia’s nurse, especially on account of her name; the role of the nurse might be attributed to Simiche.</p> Elena Bonollo Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 89 103 10.14601/prometheus-25785 Estratti dall’Ep. Hdt. 38-41 di Epicuro negli Stromateis dello Pseudo-Plutarco (fr. *179 Sandbach) https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1085 <p>Three extracts from Epicurus’ <em>Ep. Hdt. </em>(§§ 38-41) are recognized in a chapter of the <em>Stromateis</em>of the pseudo-Plutarch (*179, 8 Sandbach).</p> Tiziano Dorandi Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 104 107 10.14601/prometheus-25786 Herakles und die Schafe der Hesperiden https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1086 <p>Based on the homonymy of the Greek nounμῆλον, several mythological sources attest to a tradition according to which the golden μῆλαguarded by the Hesperides were in fact not golden apples, but beautiful sheep. This article discusses two literary allusions to this version that have not been fully examined before, Apoll. Rhod. <em>Arg.</em>4.1413 and <em>Anth. Gr.</em>16.91.3. In both cases, the nature of the allusion indicates that the sheep tradition must have been widely known and that it was more than just an intellectual game by rationalizing mythographers.</p> Silvio Bär Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 108 116 10.14601/prometheus-25788 Un episodio di ‘patriottismo’ servile nella Roma arcaica https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1087 <p>Philotis-Tutula and her fellow slaves, as the story told by Plutarch and Macrobius goes, sexually entertained the Latin (or Fidenates’) army besieging the ruins of Rome after Brennus had sacked the town, so as to enable the Romans to burst suddenly into the enemies’ camp and destroy them. From that episode the Roman festival of <em>Nonae Caprotinae</em>(or <em>Capratinae</em>) is said to have drawn its origin. The article seeks to explain the ideological meaning of the story and to investigate when and why it was created.</p> Paolo Desideri Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 117 125 10.14601/prometheus-25789 Nota a Verg., Aen. 10.800: El escudo como clave de lectura del enfrentamiento desigual entre Eneas y Lauso https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1088 <p>The motif of the unfair fight in the encounter between Lausus and Aeneas finds forceful expression in Vergil’s prolepsis (<em>mox illos sua fata manent maiore sub hoste</em>, <em>Aen</em>. 10.438), as well as in Aeneas’ concerned warning (… <em>maioraque viribus audes,</em>10.811). In this article, we discuss another sign of asymmetry: the variation in the nomenclature of both character’s shields: <em>clipeus </em>vs. <em>parma</em>.</p> Ana Clara Sisul Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 126 128 10.14601/prometheus-25790 Esegesi virgiliana antica e interpretazione dell’Eneide: i Penati di Troia https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1089 <pre><span lang="EN-US">The paper intends to investigate to what extent the attention of the ancient commentators to the antiquarian and theological erudition of Virgil can provide an <em>accessus</em> useful to penetrate some fundamental strands of meaning of the Virgilian poem. Theanalysis deals mostly with the <em>scholia</em> of Servius and Servius Danielis concerning the Penates of Troy. Starting with the exegesis of the expression <em>Penatibus et magnis dis</em> (<em>Aen.</em> 3.12 and 8.679), we discuss the various antiquarian interpretations witnessed in the stratified Virgilian exegesis, in relation to the relevance of the ‘theme of greatness’ in the overall design of the <em>Aeneid</em>.</span></pre> Maria Luisa Delvigo Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 129 142 10.14601/prometheus-25791 La metamorfosi invocata: Ov. Pont. 1.2.27-40 e l’impossibile eutanasia dell’esule https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1090 <p>In Ov.<em>Pont</em>. 1.2.27-40 the poet underlines the difference between the fate of Niobe and of the Heliades, whose metamorphoses put an end to their suffering, and his own endless sorrow. The choice of these myths seems to be a<em>réécriture</em>and a correction of the<em>Metamorphoses</em>version, where Niobe and the Heliades, instead, are among the few cases of metamorphosed beings that continue to suffer after the transformation.</p> Laura Aresi Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 143 161 10.14601/prometheus-25792 L’ep. 81 di Seneca e la postilla al De beneficiis https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1091 <p>In his letter 81 to Lucilius, obviously written after the <em>De beneficiis </em>had been completed, Seneca intends to treat more thoroughly a problem which, as he says, had not been sufficiently clarified in the treatise: namely, whether the debt of gratitude is nullified if a former benefactor offends us. In the treatise Seneca maintains that it is impossible for common people to assess the relative import of benefit received and offence endured; only the sage is able to do so. In the letter it is assessed by three distinct figures: a <em>rigidus iudex</em>, the closest to the ideal sage, in that he is able to judge correctly; a <em>vir bonus, </em>who assumes he can do so, but cheats himself in favor of the offender to avoid mistakes in the opposite direction; and Seneca’s model, a <em>remissior iudex, </em>who from the beginning ascribes more weight to the benefit than to the offence. Though there is no basic doctrinal difference between the treatise and the letter, in this the uncompromising severity of Stoicism is mitigated.</p> Aldo Setaioli Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 162 174 10.14601/prometheus-25793 Caesar’s veni vidi vici and Plutarch https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1092 <p>Contrary to Philip A. Stadter’s contention, Plutarch probably possessed no more than a working knowledge of Latin. His judgments on Roman orators and his statements about the character of the Latin language are accordingly based on ready-made clichés. In particular, his evaluation of Caesar’s famous motto <em>veni vidi vici</em>, which he gives in Greek translation, lays stress on the homeoteleuton, inevitable in any tricolon made up of three Latin perfects in the first person singular, taking no heed of its most prominent feature, namely the alliteration.</p> Aldo Setaioli Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 175 181 10.14601/prometheus-25794 El concepto de eulábeia en Plutarco: análisis léxico https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1093 <p>The concept of εὐλάβειαin Plutarch: lexical analysis. Plutarch, a man who believes in an­cestral faith, recommends a merciful and cautious respect (εὐλάβεια) as the middle ground between blind belief and excessive mistrust. The term and concept of εὐλάβειαbelong inthe sacred sphere; they define a specific attitude towards godhead, a careful behaviour and a source of stability necessary for the human being.</p> Esteban Calderón Dorda Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 182 191 10.14601/prometheus-25795 Atena a Delo in Elio Aristide https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1094 <p>An analysis of the importance and various functions of Athena in Aristides’ work, with special focus on orations 37 (<em>Hymn to Athena</em>) and 44 (<em>Hymn to the Aegean Sea</em>): in par­ticular, the paper is focused onthe goddess’s connections with the island of Delos. </p> Antonio Azzerlini Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 192 204 10.14601/prometheus-25796 Animales y cuento popular en Jamblico, Babiloniacas https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1095 <p>The aim of this paper is to study the role played by animals in the narrative structure of Iamblichus’ <em>Babylonian Stories</em>. Animals directly or indirectly give the novel’s protagonists the chance to escape from difficult situations; they make possible the constant play of mistaken identities between protagonists and secondary characters; and they reveal vital pieces of information so far unknown to the characters. Comparison with the preserved Greek novels reveals that this narrative element is much more prominent in Iamblichus than it is in any other novel. We contend that the importance of the animals’ role in the narrative may be related to the use of folktale motifs withinthe <em>Babylonian Stories</em>.</p> Míriam Librán Moreno Manuel Sanz Morales Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 205 222 10.14601/prometheus-25797 Gregorio Nazianzeno, Carm. 1.2.26: edizione critica, commento testuale e parafrasi bizantine inedite https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1096 <p>After a brief introduction to Greg. Naz. <em>Carm. </em>1.2.26, this article proposes the critical edition of the poem, accompanied by a philological commentary. Moreover, in order to portray the <em>carmen</em>’s <em>Nachleben</em>, the text of the Byzantine paraphrases is offered, which could be divided into three redactions (Λ, Φ and Ξ).</p> Marco Settecase Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 223 246 10.14601/prometheus-25798 Da Epimenide a Teodoro di Mopsuestia, attraverso Calli¬maco, San Paolo e Giuliano https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1097 <p>An examination of the citation by St. Paul (<em>Epist. to Titus</em>1.12)<em></em>of a famous hexameter attributed to Epimenides, while tracing its polemical use by Pagans and Christians and discussing modern interpretations, highlights the sarcastic employment of the verse (against Paul) by the emperor Julian in his work <em>Contra Galilaeos</em>and the reaction of the Antiochean exegetes Theodore of Mopsuestia and John Chrysostom.</p> Augusto Guida Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 247 260 10.14601/prometheus-25799 Rutilio Namaziano e Seneca, paradossi e polemiche (a pro¬posito dei vv. 439-452 e 515-526) https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1098 <p>This article focuses on some passages of the poem <em>De reditu suo</em>, vv. 439-452 and 515-526, where Rutilius Namatianus polemicizes against the hermit monks of the lonely Tuscan islands Capraia and Gorgona. The relevant verses show striking resemblances with texts by Seneca, when the philosopher criticizes the withdrawn lifestyle of some of his contemporaries. In my opinion the echoes of Senecan paradoxes are especially remarkable from a stylistic point of view.</p> Rita Pierini Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 261 274 10.14601/prometheus-25800 Zur Entstehungszeit und zum Text von Ps.-Victorinus, De Iesu Christo Deo et Homine https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1099 <p>The author of the small poem <em>De Iesu Christo Deo et Homine</em>is influenced by Iuvencus and Prudentius, but his model, as argued, is Sedulius, who offers the <em>terminus post quem</em>. Textual notes, critical and interpretative, conclude the paper.</p> Rainer Jakobi Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 275 280 10.14601/prometheus-25801 Nuovi frammenti greci di Severo di Antiochia dai mano¬scritti delle catene dei profeti https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1100 <p>The paper contains the first critical edition of six Greek fragments of Severus of Antioch, from the exegetical catenae to the prophets Isaiah, Ezechiel, and Daniel. These fragments were indicated by Michael von Faulhaber at the end of 20<sup>th</sup>century, but were still unpublish­ed. The author tries to contextualize these fragments in the extant production of Severus, which is mainly preserved in Syriac translation.</p> Gianmario Cattaneo Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 281 289 10.14601/prometheus-25802 Poems of Psellus in Ps.-Zonaras https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1101 <p>The sources of three enigmatic lemmata in Ps.-Zonaras’ <em>Lexicon</em>can be identified in the poetry of Michael Psellus.</p> Konstantine Panegyres Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 290 290 10.14601/prometheus-25803 Marginalia Lexicographica https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1102 <p>This paper presents six textual notes on Byzantine lexicographers: five on Ps.-Zonaras and one on Gennadius Scholarius.</p> Konstantine Panegyres Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 291 294 10.14601/prometheus-25804 Notizie bibliografiche https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/1103 AAVV AAVV Copyright (c) 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 45 1 295 316 10.14601/prometheus-25805