Prometheus. Rivista di studi classici https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus <p><em>Prometheus&nbsp;</em>was founded in 1975 by Adelmo Barigazzi and mainly focuses on research regardin Latin and Greek texts in the belief that antiquity can still be crucial in the uprising of modern pupils. Great interest is given to the analysis of manuscrypts and textual criticism, but also to the interpretation and comment of the works.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Prometheus. Rivista di studi classici 0391-2698 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> L’Agamennone di Enrico Medda https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11353 <p>The article deals with the edition of Aeschylus’ <em>Agamemnon</em> by Enrico Medda (Roma 2017) and proposes several conjectures on the text of the play, as well as a discussion on the ‘guilt’ of Agamemnon. It also prints a hitherto unknown conjecture of C.F. Hermann.</p> Claudio De Stefani Copyright (c) 2021 Claudio De Stefani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 3 23 10.36253/prometheus-11353 Una lacuna in Mimnermo, fr. 4.1 W.2 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11354 <p>In Mimn. fr. 4.1 W.<sup>2</sup>, the reading of the <em>editio Trincavelliana</em> (<em>scil. </em>Ζεύς) was printed as part of the <em>paradosis </em>by most editors, including Gentili and Prato. Actually, it may be a conjecture by Michael Apostolius.</p> Andrea Emiliani Copyright (c) 2021 Andrea Emiliani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 24 28 Aeschylus fr. 486 Radt, tragic homerisms, and ancient scholarship on Sophocles https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11355 <p>The paper contends that the gloss μενοινᾷ… ὀρέγεται attributed to Aeschylus (fr. 486) by Schol. M Od. 13.381 actually refers to Sophocles Ajax 341, as once suggested by Ludwich. The gloss was probably meant to explain μενοινᾷ by means of ὀρέξατο (Il. 6.466) and may be another relic of a broader comparison between S. Aj. 333-595 and Il. 6.369-502 attested in the scholia vetera to Sophocles.</p> Marco Catrambone Copyright (c) 2021 Marco Catrambone https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 29 48 Crantore, Panezio e la metriopàtheia https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11356 <p>One of the most famous fragments of Crantor’s Περὶ πένθους deals with the so-called μετριοπάθεια. This fragment is transmitted by Cic. <em>Tusc. </em>3.6.12 and by [Plut.] <em>Cons. Apoll.</em> 102c-d. Apparently, it has escaped notice, so far, that these two sources preserve exactly the same quotation, which can be easily explained if we admit they used a common intermediate source. It is argued that this source can be identified with a lost work by Panaetius.</p> Andrea Beghini Copyright (c) 2021 Andrea Beghini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 49 64 Atena è sempre bella: Call. Lav. Pall. 17 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11357 <p>In Callimachus’ fifth hymn, the statement “her look is ever fair” may wittily allude to the myth of Athena as inventor of the <em>aulos</em>, which she immediately threw away thinking that playing it made her face ugly.</p> Enrico Magnelli Copyright (c) 2021 Enrico Magnelli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 65 68 Gli usignoli di Stratone, Ep. 2.3 Fl. (= AP 12.2.3) https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11358 <p>In his programmatic epigram 2 Fl., Strato of Sardis addresses the reader warning him not to look for, <em>inter alia</em>, ‘nightingales’ in his poems (l. 3). This term, under the obvious mythologi­cal reference to the story of Procne, could hide an obscene double meaning (‘female sexual organ’, attested in a fragment of Archilochus), thus implicitly declaring Strato’s rejection of heterosexual poetry.</p> Gabriele Palermo Copyright (c) 2021 Gabriele Palermo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 69 73 Per il testo, il ritmo e lo iato dell’Epistola di Aristea a Filocrate https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11359 <p>Abstract: The aim of the first part of this paper is to cast new light on the textual con­stitution of some passages of the <em>Epistula Aristeae ad Philocratem</em>. Ca. 20 pieces are discuss­ed and for most of them a new solution is proposed; in the other cases I argue for a solution already proposed, but not accepted by the editors. The aim of the second part is to establish whether the ps.-Aristeas used rhythmical prose or not, and whether he avoided the hiatus. The analysis shows that he wrote rhythmical prose and avoided the hiatus.</p> Carlo M. Lucarini Copyright (c) 2021 Carlo M. Lucarini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 74 86 An emendation in Strabo (15.2.12) https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11360 <p>An emendation is proposed in the text of Strabo, <em>Geographica</em> 15.</p> James Diggle Copyright (c) 2021 James Diggle https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 87 88 Cicero ad colloquium evocatus https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11361 <p>In this poetical dialogue in Latin hexameters the author portrays himself in conversation with Cicero about the greatness of the latter’s works and their influence on posterity.</p> Michael von Albrecht Copyright (c) 2021 Michael von Albrecht https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 89 91 Dialogo con Cicerone (trad. di A. Setaioli) https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11362 <p>An Italian translation of Michael von Albrecht’s poem <em>Cicero ad colloquium evocatus. </em>The translator, in agreement with the author, has chosen blank verse (hendecasyllables) ‒ the meter of epic poetry in Italian, and traditionally used to translate poems in hexameters.</p> Michael von Albrecht Copyright (c) 2021 Michael von Albrecht https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 92 96 Deus ipse loci: il Tevere e la certificazione della meta https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11363 <p>The article examines the role of the apparition of the Tiber in Book VIII of the <em>Aeneid</em> within the legendary traditions and compositional stratifications concerning Aeneas’ arrival in La­tium and his role as a founding hero. Besides, the ancient and modern exegesis of the half-line 8.41<em> concessere deum</em> and of the expression <em>rumore secundo</em> of 8.90 is discussed in the light of the complex intertextual texture of the episode.</p> Maria Luisa Delvigo Copyright (c) 2021 Maria Luisa Delvigo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 97 117 Un nuovo telestico in Orazio, C. 1.11 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11364 <p>This paper examines a still unnoticed telestich in Hor. <em>c. </em>1.11: stylistic evidence, contextual elements and poetical intentions lead us to believe that the <em>lusus </em>is intentional. Moreover, the wordplay helps to focus on the author’s artistry, in order to get a better comprehension of the Augustan poet.</p> Alberto Crotto Copyright (c) 2021 Alberto Crotto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 118 126 Una riflessione lucreziana (De rer. nat. 2.1) a Pompei. Con appendice su una revisione critica tardoantica https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11365 <p>This paper aims to show that the citation of&nbsp; Lucretius 2.1 <em>Suave mari magno </em>in a Pompeian graffito was not written by a <em>Byzantia, </em>but adressed to her, and that the erotic context of other graffiti on the same wall hints at the employment of the motto by a disenchanted lover to declare his farewell to a stormy relationship. On discussing briefly the theme ‘shipwreck with spectator’ (H. Blumenberg) and its fortune, the Appendix introduces into the debate two relevant late antique texts, where Christian authors oppose the duty to take care of, and help others to the pleasure of observing their troubles.</p> Augusto Guida Copyright (c) 2021 Augusto Guida https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 127 136 A meaningful omission: Phaedrus in Seneca’s Ad Pol. 8.3-4 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11367 <p>In this article, I consider the omission of Phaedrus in Seneca’s <em>Consolatio ad Polybium</em> 8.3-4. I suggest that Seneca’s silence on Phaedrus can be read on multiple levels. On the one hand, it may be considered as an ‘homage’ to Polybius, included among the <em>Romana ingenia </em>for having been the first to compose fables defined as ‘<em>intemptatum Romanis ingeniis opus</em>’; on the other, it enacts a censorship toward the entire category of freedmen, who had great impor­tance during the reign of Claudius. The omission of Phaedrus offers another demonstration of how patent flattery and veiled criticism can coalesce in this consolation, generally stigmatized as a work of shameful opportunism.</p> Martina Russo Copyright (c) 2021 Martina Russo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 137 155 Tre congetture a Tacito (Agr. 24.2, 31.4) https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11368 <p>Three notes on the text of Tacitus’ <em>Agricola</em> are offered here. More in detail, three conjectures on chapters 24.2 and 31.4 are proposed.</p> Alessandro Sassoli Copyright (c) 2021 Alessandro Sassoli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 156 158 Fondazione testamentaria su una tavoletta ansata da Montalcino (CIL XI 2596) https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11369 <p>The contribution provides a new annotated edition, following an autopsy, of <em>CIL </em>XI 2596: a small bronze tablet coming from Montalcino, in the territory of Roman&nbsp;<em>Clusium</em>, in which is engraved an integration or an extract of the will of a Granius Pudens, veteran of the praetorian cohorts. It intended to provide for a perpetual celebration of the testator’s birthday,&nbsp;in connection with the cult of Mithras.</p> Giovanni Alberto Cecconi Copyright (c) 2021 Giovanni Alberto Cecconi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 159 166 Utraque lingua eruditi: il bilinguismo greco-latino tra I e IV sec. d.C. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11370 <p>The article examines Greek-Latin bilingualism during the imperial period (I-IV century AD). In particular, given the existence of a bilingual educational system in the late republican period, this paper aims to investigate bilingualism not just as a rhetorical teaching method, but also as a marker of cultural identity. The analysis is mainly based on passages from Pliny the Younger, Apuleius, Ausonius, Paulinus from Pella, and Augustine.</p> Matilde Oliva Copyright (c) 2021 Matilde Oliva https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 167 190 A Shepherd with a Lyre? Reconsidering Einsiedeln Eclogues 1.18 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11371 <p>The article attempts to reconsider the problems connected with line 18 of the first <em>Einsiedeln Eclogue</em>. It is suggested that not only the notoriously problematic verb in line 17, but also the situation described in line 18 still remains unexplained: while inspiring one of the competing shepherds in a kind of poetic initiation, Apollo seems to be said to have ordered him to do something with a lyre, an obviously un-pastoral instrument in its associations. The reasons this lyre is referred to as “praised” are also not clear. The author of the article proposes to emend <em>laudatam</em> in line 18 to <em>mandatam</em>.</p> Mikhail Shumilin Copyright (c) 2021 Mikhail Shumilin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 191 197 Firmico Materno, Mathesis 4.9.5: fuoco e cauterio https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11372 <p>Firmicus Maternus’s style and language suggest that <em>medela </em><em>illis </em>&lt;<em>ignitis&gt; cauteriorum adustionibus conferatur </em>should be restored at <em>Mathesis</em> 4.9.5; the omission of the word was easily produced by homeoteleuton with <em>illis</em>. In the previous sentence, the medieval conjecture <em>vulnera infligit</em> in lieu of <em>vulnera inficit</em> is probably right.</p> Álvaro Cancela Cilleruelo Copyright (c) 2021 Álvaro Cancela Cilleruelo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 198 202 Roman Festivals in Plutarch’s Life of Romulus https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11373 <p>Roman calendrical festivals are one of the most important ‘documents’ in Plutarch’s attempt at reconstructing Romulus’ life and glorious deeds, which constitute the foundation of the Roman Empire. In this essay I aim to explain what historical meaning Plutarch attributes to such festivals&nbsp; as the <em>Parilia</em>, the <em>Consualia</em>, the <em>Poplifugia</em> and the <em>Nonae Capratinae</em>, which the Roman tradition closely linked with Romulus.</p> Paolo Desideri Copyright (c) 2021 Paolo Desideri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 203 213 I figli di Plutarco https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11374 <p>The correct interpretation of the first chapters of the <em>Consolatio uxoris </em>allows to ascertain that Plutarch’s wife had first a miscarriage, then four sons (one of whom, named Chaeron, died as a child), and finally a daughter (named Timoxena after herself), who only lived to be two years old. Plutarch’s few mentions of his sons (in the <em>QC</em>, in <em>De E apud Delphos</em> and other works) – together with the evidence gathered from some inscriptions – allow us to determine the order and chronology of his five children with some degree of confidence.</p> Angelo Casanova Copyright (c) 2021 Angelo Casanova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 214 224 Il fr. 222 Rauer di Origene https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11375 <p>The article provides a new critical edition, with Italian translation and commentary, of Origen’s fragment 222 <em>in Lc.</em>, whose main witness (Pal. gr. 20) was misread in some points by the former editor Max Rauer.</p> Gianmario Cattaneo Copyright (c) 2021 Gianmario Cattaneo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 225 232 Sul testo del settimo libro di Quinto Smirneo https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11376 <p>This paper aims to examine the text of the seventh book of Quintus Smyrnaeus’ <em>Posthome­rica</em>, the object of a recent commentary by G. P. Tsomis. Particular attention will be paid to problems concerning textual criticism and exegesis, contained in the book, which recounts the events connected with Neoptolemus’ intervention in the Trojan War. An issue concerning the narrative structure and technique will also be addressed: the poet appears to intentionally imitate Homer not only from a linguistic and lexical point of view, but also in the handling of contemporary events, in which connection Zielinski’s law may be seen as applying to Quintus’ work.</p> Marta Rustioni Copyright (c) 2021 Marta Rustioni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 233 246 Una citazione lessicografica di Teodoro di Mopsuestia https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11377 <p>One of the few citations from classical texts by Theodore of Mopsuestia, which derives from a stoic lexicographer (perhaps Herophilos, an author cited by Origenes), is proved to have been inserted in a Byzantine Collection of geometric definitions (edited by Heiberg) to explain the term ἀρχή.</p> Augusto Guida Copyright (c) 2021 Augusto Guida https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 247 251 L’asino: animale messianico e dionisiaco in Nonno, Par. Jo. M 61-69 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11378 <p>This paper offers a philological and exegetical analysis of Nonnus <em>par. Jo.</em> 12.61-69. In the light of Just. <em>1 apol.</em> 54.6-7 and <em>dial.</em> 53.1-4, 69.2, of [Opp.] <em>C.</em> 4.244-256, and of Nonn. <em>D.</em> 14.247-259, it is argued that Nonnus describes the donkey which Jesus rides during his trium­phal entry into Jerusalem (<em>Jo.</em> 12.13-15) both as a messianic and a Dionysiac animal.</p> Martino Donati Copyright (c) 2021 Martino Donati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 252 267 Note alla Parafrasi di Nonno https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11379 <p>The paper deals with some textual notes to the <em>Paraphrasis of the Gospel of John</em> by Nonnus of Panopolis (<em>Par</em>. 8.103, 8.180, 17.78-79, 17.92-93, 19.68, 20.91-92). At the end, an <em>Appen­dix</em> records a list of “Verwechslungen” between θυμός and μῦθος, and between δεσμός and θεσμός, in the whole text of the <em>Paraphrasis</em>.</p> Federica Scognamiglio Copyright (c) 2021 Federica Scognamiglio https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 268 284 Un’epitome del Lessico Segueriano Sulla sintassi nel ms. Laur. Plut. 57.24 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11380 <p>This paper identifies the lexicon preserved at ff. 27<sup>r</sup>-32<sup>r</sup> of ms. Laur. Plut. 57.24 (first half of the 14th cent.) as an epitome of the <em>Lexicum Seguerianum </em>περὶ συντάξεως, recently edited by D. Petrova in 2006. Additionally, it argues that, for this very section of the codex, ms. Laur. Plut. 57.24 is the apographon of ms. Coisl. gr. 345 (10th cent.), the only surviving witness of the lexicon περὶ συντάξεως in its <em>versio plenior</em>.</p> Maria Giovanna Sandri Copyright (c) 2021 Maria Giovanna Sandri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 285 291 An Uneducated Human Being is a Tree Without Fruit https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11381 <p>No prior source has yet been discovered for the proverbial phrase transcribed by Boccaccio in his autograph manuscript of the <em>Bucolicum Carmen</em>, ἄνθρωπος ἀγράμματος ξύλον ἄκαρπον (“an uneducated human being is a tree without fruit”). This paper provides new evidence from medieval Hebrew, which shows that a version of the saying was in fact in circulation prior to Boccaccio.</p> Konstantine Panegyres Copyright (c) 2021 Konstantine Panegyres https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 292 293 Notizie bibliografiche https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/11382 <p>.</p> AAVV AAVV Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 47 294 316