Restauro Archeologico 2022-08-02T13:32:57+00:00 Susanna Caccia Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Restauro Archeologico</strong>&nbsp;(<strong>RA</strong>­) è un periodico scientifico internazionale, semestrale, pubblicato in stampa e modalità Open Access.<br><strong>RA&nbsp;</strong>pubblica articoli sottoposti a peer review – in italiano, inglese, spagnolo, francese e tedesco – sulla&nbsp;<em>conoscenza, conservazione e valorizzazione del patrimonio architettonico d’interesse archeologico e di quello allo stato di rudere</em>&nbsp;e<em>&nbsp;</em>si pone l’obiettivo di focalizzare l’attenzione sulle metodologie di studio e d’intervento su manufatti architettonici riferibili a contesti archeologici o ad essi connessi (pluristratificazioni).<br>Il restauro archeologico può comprendere, per modalità d’intervento e finalità di valorizzazione, oltre ai manufatti riferibili all’antichità, anche tutti i manufatti che, per provenienza, condizioni di utilizzo e stato di manutenzione sono ridotti a rudere; ad esempio, sugli edifici in disuso, o in rovina di epoca moderna, si potrà intervenire con procedure simili a quelle utilizzate per le testimonianze di epoca antica, con la principale finalità di conservarne la memoria, come nel caso dell’archeologia industriale. La rivista ambisce, quindi, a costituire una finestra privilegiata di osservazione dei diversi approcci conservativi in funzione dei molteplici contesti geopolitici e culturali. In quest’ottica, ampio spazio è dato agli aspetti di multidisciplinarietà insiti nella pratica del restauro, con un’attenzione particolare ai progressi metodologici e tecnici della disciplina.</p> Between interpretations and rules. (More) Reflections on restoration theory 2022-08-02T13:32:57+00:00 Susanna Caccia Gherardini <p>The question this essay attempts to answer is what the role of theory is today in the complex world of restoration and conservation. But that is not all. The aim is also to bring back to the centre of the discipline the theoretical nodes, which too often take second place to the design and technical aspects, such as those that give substance to the discussion on heritage and patrimonialisation. Much has been said on the critical formulation of a restoration project, especially today, in the face of global phenomena becoming ever more complex there is a necessity to recuperate the theoretical and notional values of the discipline. Faced with the advancement of technical solutions and the ever-increasing intrusiveness of scientific instruments, restoration risks losing its theoretical foundations. In addition to questions about laboratory investigations, sustainability, climate change issues or the choice of green products, it seems more necessary than ever to return to the more strictly philosophical-humanistic questions that must then necessarily be the foundation of restoration work..</p> 2022-07-24T14:39:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Susanna Caccia Gherardini Archaeology and earthquakes in Siena (Italy). Preliminary results from the survey of the historical buildings in the Terzo di Città 2022-08-02T13:32:54+00:00 Andrea Arrighetti Valeria Razzante Hélène Dessales <p>The archaeoseismological study of a number of contexts affected by historical earthquakes provides a more complete understanding of the seismic impacts had on architecture as well as restoration techniques used in the aftermath of these events. The PROTECT project is part of this line of research, funded by the Horizon 2020 research and innovation program of the European Union, and aims to apply, on an experimental basis, methods of archaeoseismological analysis to a portion of the historic center of Siena (Tuscany), in order to acquire further knowledge on the context of study from the point of view of seismic prevention. In this paper only the first steps of the project, begun in December 2021 and focused on the study of the Terzo di Città, are presented. The contribution focuses in particular on the proposal of a theoretical framework for the creation of a database designed to answer precise chrono-typological queries.</p> 2022-07-24T14:41:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Andrea Arrighetti, Valeria Razzante, Hélène Dessales Memoria e modello digitale. La costruzione di un sistema informativo per la salvaguardia del patrimonio architettonico diffuso dell’Upper Kama 2022-08-02T12:36:27+00:00 Anna Dell'Amico <p>Following the European guidelines, research in the architecture sector has been committed to seeking open systems, which can be implemented in stages for structuring methodological protocols applicable to digitization to enhance Cultural Heritage. The H2020-RISE-PROMETHEUS project, coordinated by the University of Pavia, aims to define a multi-scalar digital information system to safeguard the historical memory of the heritage and promote Cultural Heritage Routes. That allows the dissemination of the heritage architectural diffuse of the European Cultural Heritage Routes, starting from the pilot case of the Upper Kama territory (Russia). The languages ​​of representation and the analysis processes of the elements result from an international collaboration between universities and companies in a critical, shared process of evaluating the criteria for optimizing infographic languages. The research results are explained in the information modeling protocol, structured based on an analytical approach of morphological, technological, and typological semantization, from the territorial level to the architectural scale, for the combined management of historical memory, information, and intervention on the work.</p> 2022-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anna Dell'Amico Evoluzione della carpenteria lignea dei tetti in Grecia tra età arcaica e classica. Alla ricerca di tracce di incavallature 2022-08-02T13:32:51+00:00 Nicola Ruggieri <p>The paper analyzes the evolution of the organization of timber roofing carpentry in Greece and in the colonies of Sicily and Magna Graecia in a chronological scope between the archaic and classical periods. A substantial continuity, lacking evident innovations, characterizes the organization of the carpentry of the roofs constituted, in general, by a horizontal member on which rest on props – king and queen posts – coinciding with the purlins, useful for receiving the secondary framework and the roof covering. The lack of evident indicators, in a cognitive framework that is however extremely fragmented, and a constructive culture on timber that does not seem to excel for technological advancement raises many doubts about a possible pioneering use, even in constructions with high distance between supports, of carpentry organized as a truss system, with no pushing component on the wall.</p> 2022-07-24T14:42:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nicola Ruggieri Gio Ponti: architettura, tempo, materia 2022-08-02T13:32:45+00:00 Andrea Canziani <p>Gio Ponti has proposed in his writings a significant reflection on the relationship between architecture, time and construction materials, where architecture does not presuppose immutability and does not associate time with decay. Ponti’s statements introduce us to an apparent contradiction with respect to the famous assimilation of his architecture to crystals. Indeed, Ponti is aware of a paradox of modern architecture: it requires time to be alive, but it is constantly forced to oppose it because it seems unable to age. The paper discusses the two alternatives that Ponti proposes (technical architecture and natural architecture) and discusses his ideas in the cultural context at the time on restoration, durability, care and new modern materials. Finally, a contribution is proposed here to a conservation perspective in which the aging of the Modern could be a matter of cultural appropriation.</p> 2022-07-24T14:45:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Andrea Canziani L’influenza della Guerra fredda sull’architettura italiana. Due Maestri a confronto: Giancarlo De Carlo e Vittoriano Viganò 2022-08-02T13:32:43+00:00 Olivia Longo <p>In 2019, during the centenary of De Carlo’s birth, Massimo Cacciari spoke about immaterial architecture as a possible new frontier of architectural research of our time. During the Cold War, new networks were created in Italy, beyond national borders, based on international dialogues and artistic collaborations. After the analysis of some phenomena that characterized the Cold War and the creative processes of architectural production in the twentieth century, this research describes some projects and writings of Giancarlo De Carlo and Vittoriano Viganò. The contribution outlines the influence of Cold War policies on the works of these Masters under the banner of two slogans: “Anarchist Architecture” and “Interrupted Sign”. According to these aspects, it is possible to emphasize the presence of a root of architectural design that tends to the formal disintegration of architecture.</p> 2022-07-24T14:46:10+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Olivia Longo INFRA REDable. Thermography for the diagnosis and conservation of frescoed walls: the case of the Templar Church of San Bevignate 2022-08-02T13:32:47+00:00 Riccardo Liberotti Vittorio Gusella <p>The importance of research that addresses the numerous themes of architectural and cultural heritage conservation is a fact that has now been acquired on the national and international scene. The objective of the ongoing research presented is the study and development of infrared thermography as an innovative technique for non-contact, and absolutely non-invasive, investigations for the diagnosis of ancient masonry walls with specific attention to frescoes. In parallel, the devised technique is applied to a case study of very high historical value: the cycles of mural paintings of the Templar Church of San Bevignate in Perugia. Such architectural complex also houses a relevant archeological site which consists of a roman fullonica, part of the museum itinerary. Starting from the thermographic data, both the state of conservation of the precious painting and the seismic safety of the masonry Church – tied to the quality of the brickwork texture – are evaluated. The comparison among thermographic results and the outcomes due to a restoration activity of the painted parts, that took place on 2019 and that is still in progress, are highlighted.</p> 2022-07-24T14:44:10+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Riccardo Liberotti, Vittorio Gusella Villa di Rusciano a Firenze. Indagini e metodi conoscitivi verso una valorizzazione 2022-08-02T13:32:49+00:00 Paola Bordoni <p>The study on the villa of Rusciano aims to know the different forms of the historical building and to analyze the phases of a complex evolutionary history as well as to provide an analysis of the state of preservation. The investigation, based on the architectural survey, on the archival sources and on a careful examination of the literature, has led to investigate the main phases of transformation of the building and the stratifications occurred<br>over time, in order to allow a reading of the qualitative elements and identity values to be preserved.</p> 2022-07-24T14:43:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Paola Bordoni