Restauro Archeologico <p><strong>Restauro Archeologico</strong>&nbsp;(<strong>RA</strong>­) è un periodico scientifico internazionale, semestrale, pubblicato in stampa e modalità Open Access.<br><strong>RA&nbsp;</strong>pubblica articoli sottoposti a peer review – in italiano, inglese, spagnolo, francese e tedesco – sulla&nbsp;<em>conoscenza, conservazione e valorizzazione del patrimonio architettonico d’interesse archeologico e di quello allo stato di rudere</em>&nbsp;e<em>&nbsp;</em>si pone l’obiettivo di focalizzare l’attenzione sulle metodologie di studio e d’intervento su manufatti architettonici riferibili a contesti archeologici o ad essi connessi (pluristratificazioni).<br>Il restauro archeologico può comprendere, per modalità d’intervento e finalità di valorizzazione, oltre ai manufatti riferibili all’antichità, anche tutti i manufatti che, per provenienza, condizioni di utilizzo e stato di manutenzione sono ridotti a rudere; ad esempio, sugli edifici in disuso, o in rovina di epoca moderna, si potrà intervenire con procedure simili a quelle utilizzate per le testimonianze di epoca antica, con la principale finalità di conservarne la memoria, come nel caso dell’archeologia industriale. La rivista ambisce, quindi, a costituire una finestra privilegiata di osservazione dei diversi approcci conservativi in funzione dei molteplici contesti geopolitici e culturali. In quest’ottica, ampio spazio è dato agli aspetti di multidisciplinarietà insiti nella pratica del restauro, con un’attenzione particolare ai progressi metodologici e tecnici della disciplina.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Restauro Archeologico 1724-9686 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> Prima di Atene. Cooperazione intellettuale e illusione elitaria, atmosfera de La Conférence d’Athènes sur la conservation des monuments del 1931 <p>The essay aims to retrace the events leading up to the organisation of the 1931 Athens Conference, the first international conference on the conservation and restoration of monuments. Organised in Paris by the Office International des Musées under the aegis of the Société des Nations, the initiative brought together over one hundred participants including archaeologists, architects, conservators and art historians to discuss heritage issues. The Conference emblematised a key moment between the two wars, bringing out new approaches and new problems within a discussion that had been going on for many decades, including through, and it is first in this sense too, a comparison between the legislations of different countries. The political and cultural climate linked to this initiative today represents a fundamental stage in understanding the birth of the international debate on heritage conservation issues.</p> Susanna Caccia Copyright (c) 2021 Susanna Caccia 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 29 1 4 17 10.13128/rar-12280 From stone heaps to heritage landmarks. The excavation, restoration and reconstruction of prehistoric tombs at Salūt (central Oman) between experimental archaeology and site valorisation <p>The archaeological investigation by the former Italian Mission to Oman (University of Pisa) in the ancient oasis of Salūt, in central Oman, targeted several prehistoric burials located within the perimeter of the Archaeological Park of Bysiah and Salūt, a fundamental cultural pole developed under the auspices of the Ministry for Heritage and Tourism of the Sultanate of Oman. After stratigraphic excavation and documentation of the surviving structures, the tombs were restored and in some cases reconstructed to make them fully understandable to the wider public visiting the Park. This work provided useful information about the costs in human labour and raw materials procurement entailed in their construction, revealing itself as an experimental archaeology process capable of further highlighting the importance that these monuments had for the ancient community at the same time as fostering the bonds between the locals and their archaeological heritage.</p> Michele Degli Esposti Stefano Bizzarri Copyright (c) 2021 Michele Degli Esposti, Stefano Bizzarri 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 29 1 18 37 10.13128/rar-11389 Paesaggi archeologici nei contesti urbani. Il caso dell’Anfiteatro romano di Catania (Italia) <p>Archaeological sites in urban centres represent tangible historical evidence, but they can also be a real cut in the heart of cities. They are often undervalued, and their survival is threatened by the stratifications with which they should coexist for a mutual valorisation. An emblematic case is the Catania Roman amphitheatre, one of the most representative Sicilian examples of hypogeal monumental archaeology. Its remains are located below the urban fabric of the 18th and 19th cent., in a precarious state of preservation and unsolved integration with the city. The paper presents the results of a cognitive process useful to provide the basis for a conservation and restoration plan. After a specific archival survey about all the scientific studies carried out so far, the research has made photogrammetric and constructive surveys to identify the main causes of decay and to propose a design solution.</p> Giulia Sanfilippo Attilio Mondello Laura Ferlito Copyright (c) 2021 Giulia Sanfilippo, Attilio Mondello, Laura Ferlito 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 29 1 38 59 10.13128/rar-10566 Elucidating northern Sardinia’s fortified heritage through traditional masonry and historical materials <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In medieval Sardinia an important system of around a hundred fortifications was built for varying defensive purposes. This paper, part of an ongoing research focused on the study of this system, takes an interdisciplinary approach to the investigation of traditional masonry techniques and historical materials used between the 12th and 15th centuries in Northern Sardinia. In particular, 3 of 40 defensive structures distributed on this territory, have been selected as representative of a specific historical and cultural context: the Castles of Pedres and Della Fava, and Re Baldo Palace. Archaeological and material surveys were conducted in order to elucidate the formal, spatial, dimensional, technological, and constructional values of these sites as well as to reconstruct the architectural evolution that marked the history, not only of these fortifications, but also that of the surrounding territory, with the aim to recognise this heritage, which was ignored for a long time, as heritage to be safeguarded and enhanced.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Maria Serena Pirisino Copyright (c) 2021 Maria Serena Pirisino 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 29 1 60 79 10.13128/rar-10715 Interpretazione degli effetti sismici e analisi dinamica dei collassi in Ostia Antica <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The working methods of Roman builders confirm the advanced knowledge of consolida- tion and repair techniques, so much so that quite a few of their buildings are still con- sidered stable without undergoing further interventions. For those ancient structures that have collapsed, signs of destructive events remain, allowing a chronology of events to be reconstructed, as in the ancient Roman port of Ostia. The impression given by the excava- tions in Ostia regarding the causes and dynamics of collapse, which affected both ordinary and monumental buildings, is that of a center which, in addition to natural degradation due to progressive abandonment and the ravages of man, suffered the concomitant dis- astrous effects of several natural disasters. Therefore, the contribution focuses on some structural analysis results and two seismic measurement campaigns carried out in the archaeoseismological field to understand the causes and modes of collapse that affected several building structures.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Laura Pecchioli Giovanni Cangi Copyright (c) 2021 Laura Pecchioli, Giovanni Cangi 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 29 1 80 93 10.13128/rar-11338 Il sistema ambientale della Santissima Annunziata. Studi e ricerche per il restauro <p>The article describes the geophysical analyses used to deepen the knowledge of the causes and consequent degradation phenomena present on the entrance loggia and on the Oratory of San Sebastiano in the Santissima Annunziata complex in Florence. The research highlighted the importance of the relationship between architecture and the environmental system in which it is inserted, especially between the environmental characteristics and the pathologies of the structure, and confirmed the cause / effect relationship between construction and urban drainage system. The preliminary studies conducted on the monument, and in particular the diagnostic campaign of the geophysical surveys, specified the characteristics of the ground on which the Basilica of the Santissima Annunziata rests and described the specific problems of the subsoil.</p> Maddalena Branchi Copyright (c) 2021 Maddalena Branchi 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 29 1 94 111 10.13128/rar-10396