Ri-Vista. Research for landscape architecture 2022-07-18T08:56:21+00:00 Emanuela Morelli Open Journal Systems <p><em>Ri-Vista. Research for landscape architecture</em> is an open access six-monthly scientific journal in electronic format. It operates through <strong>international call for papers</strong>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<strong><a href="/index.php/ri-vista/about/editorialPolicies#peerReviewProcess">double blind peer review</a></strong>.</p> <p>Founded in 2003, the second series was launched in 2015, when <strong><em>Ri-Vista</em></strong> became part of the scientific journals of the University of Florence, <a href="">Department of Architecture</a>. The journal, which is free for authors, operates through international calls for papers and double-blind peer review.</p> <p><em>Ri-Vista</em> deals with the multiple dimensions of landscape planning and design, seen from a rich variety of disciplines, in a scientific and open perspective which is distinctive of <strong>landscape architecture</strong>. Each issue aims at gathering knowledge and visions around specific topics, promoting innovative and responsible actions for creation, protection, restoration and management of landscapes.</p> Walking and Staying in the Landscape 2022-07-01T17:39:36+00:00 Danilo Palazzo Valerio Morabito <p style="font-weight: 400;">This issue of Ri-Vista was developed as an exploration of a dichotomy and its meanings in the current landscape design scholarship and production. Walking and staying are two subjects often considered separately, while rarely studied in association. The goal of this issue is, in fact, to answer some questions: how landscape architects, planners, and educators are looking at walking and staying in the landscape? What is the state of the art of these disciplines with regard to these two actions? &nbsp;What are the examples, theories, and concepts that take into consideration these ordinary human activities? Along these lines the issue - articulated in four main parts: Concepts, Ways, Reading, and Design, and two Reflections, offered by John Dixon Hunt and Frederick Steiner — aims to establish tracks and points of view on how landscape design and designers have found forms and ways to enhance the value of landscapes, crossing or stopping in them.</p> 2022-07-01T13:01:18+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Danilo Palazzo, Valerio Morabito Giornate internazionali di studio sul paesaggio 2021 e 2022. Percepire il co-divenire incarnando alterità 2022-07-01T17:48:02+00:00 Elena Antoniolli <p>La recensione propone una prospettiva critica della diciassettesima edizione delle Giornate Internazionali di Studio sul Paesaggio organizzata da Fondazione Benetton Studi Ricerche incentrata sul rapporto tra corpi e paesaggi. Come partecipa la nostra adesione corporea al paesaggio? Qual è la misura dell’interazione sensoriale con esso? Come si evolve il rapporto tra corpo e paesaggio nell’Antropocene? Attraverso queste domande si articola la riflessione tra realtà percepita e corporeità, tra esperienza sensoriale e immaginario mitopoietico, in un connubio tra arte, antropologia, storia dell'arte&nbsp;dei giardini, cultura del paesaggio e danza. Ripercorrendo i ragionamenti dei dieci contributi che hanno nutrito il convegno, emergono affinità tematiche tra “essere” nel paesaggio e “sentire” il paesaggio.</p> <p>Il coinvolgimento attivo e percettivo del corpo avviene grazie un’immersione reale nel paesaggio, ma anche attraverso la sua dimensione narrativa. Il corpo, specchio della paesaggio, muta nella sua fisicità e nella sua condizione psichica, richiamando un processo di metamorfosi reciproca e al contempo un approccio psicogeografico, in cui l’erranza ci invita ad accogliere l’Altro e l’ibridazione del paesaggio, secondo un neo-animismo del “sentire”.</p> 2022-07-01T14:21:21+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Elena Antoniolli Progettare la lentezza. Le ragioni del progetto culturale di linee antifragili 2022-07-01T17:49:48+00:00 Anna Lei <p>.</p> 2022-07-01T14:26:11+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anna Lei Sostare nel ricordo: esercizi di topofilia e progetto 2022-07-01T17:39:22+00:00 Marco Cillis <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The essay is about the aesthetic experience of staying and about the relationship we establish with the landscape when we stop walking. Right at that moment, our body generates a new relationship with the place, merging more and more into the place itself, according to a contemplative process that has its roots in Platonic thought. When we stop to remember, the landscape design is connected with many universal topics, about history, identity and sense of life as well. In the second part, the text explores the landscape architecture of some memorials set up in different decades of the last sixty years, celebrating very different events, but strongly evoking: which is the role of the nature, and what is about the visitor’s proxemics while he’s remembering, living an aesthetic experience?</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:07:36+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marco Cillis Walking and staying in constructed imagination: three liminal experiences in history of walking in the landscape 2022-07-01T17:39:07+00:00 Albert Chen <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Walking treads not only on the palpable site but also through the stroller’s imaginary territory. This dual nature of walking is frequently illustrated in historical literature and pictures. These two forms of walking create a liminal and absorptive movement between the palpable and imaginary landscapes through the body-mind as a living medium. The essay examines this subject in three folds: first, discerning three modes of liminal experiences in a range of selected historical materials: namely, approaching, lingering, and wandering in reverie, following an increasing extent in the scale of absorption; second, presenting the three effects of absorption and their agencies and media; third, assessing how these effects were received by the historical walkers. Overall, this cross-cultural reading shows that walking in imagination is not a theoretical idea but an empirical form of absorptive experience that involves both external and internal media. The essay further implies that, with adequate studies on this subject, we could rethink the rapport between materials and their meanings and associations in Landscape Architecture and envision a humanistic landscape of constructed imagination that not only appeals to the senses but also touches our soul and mind.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:19:52+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Albert Chen In bilico tra cielo e terra. Significati e simbologie delle passeggiate montane nei secoli della modernità 2022-07-01T17:38:51+00:00 Katia Botta <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The walk is an effective device for understanding the evolution of the modern relationship between man and nature. The “Walking”, or rather climb along the alpine paths, tells of man’s need for space-time exploration of the surrounding reality. From Petrarca to Josias Simler and Albrecht von Haller, this dimension has been rendered with ever greater scientific attention. In the hallerian model of Brun’s paradise, and even more in the steps taken by Goethe along his travels, are insinuated the conditions for the development of an aesthetic approach to the mountain landscape, often described as a fraught reality, wrapped in a veil of inscrutability, within which the poet-traveler moves. It is precisely from these romantic impulses that American Nature Writing developed an innovative approach in the second half of the nineteenth century, aimed at capturing Nature in its essence. A pre-ecological reading that, with John Muir, will lead to the first actions to protect the landscape.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:24:12+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Katia Botta Camminare nel paesaggio: un atto rivoluzionario 2022-07-01T17:38:32+00:00 Paola Sabbion <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Moving through the landscape with awareness has always been a revolutionary act for humanity, involving a renewed consciousness of our place in space and time. It is no coincidence that a walk is placed at the origin of the modern concept of landscape, and then continues, through some fundamental moments, to characterize a way of relating to the surrounding environment through movement. If in various eras walking has represented a form of aesthetic research, even a desecrating model of rebellion against the status quo, it still remains a fundamental form of primary knowledge, essential for the understanding of everyday landscapes, explored through bodily and related practices to a more inclusive modality involving different actors, who shape and interpret contemporary landscapes.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:27:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Paola Sabbion Tra A e B. Il tempo necessario a costruire un immaginario del paesaggio 2022-07-01T17:41:33+00:00 Fabio Manfredi <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Walking is a purely practical act, an ecological mode of locomotion, it is a way to read and experience the landscape in its spatial and temporal dimensions, one of the simplest and most natural forms to measure our position in it. Walking is a way in which we attribute meanings to our surroundings and it is for this reason that the theme is a sort of common ground of study for geographers, anthropologists, artists, landscape architects. In the dichotomies walk-move, plan-error, logistics-improvisation lies our predisposition to listen to a place.</p> <p>In the gap between a point A and a point B of a movement, lies our ability to make an experience and transform the movement into a useful and founding act for the landscape; the time between A and B is that necessary to build an imaginary of the latter.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:30:53+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Fabio Manfredi Walking, drawing, designing. Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell’s drawing stick and eighteenth-century landscape gardens 2022-07-18T08:56:21+00:00 Sonja Dümpelmann <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>For the German landscape gardener Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell (1750-1823) walking was a method to design landscapes for visitation and inhabitation, in other words, for both walking and staying. Sckell used an idiosyncratic device, the drawing stick, to draw outlines of pathways, plantings, and water bodies directly into the ground at one-to-one scale while walking. This method of “drawing in nature” while in motion was to enable the designer to respond to his imagination, emotions, and the impressions of the site more freely. Although Sckell’s walking designer exhibited the “natural” gait promoted in the late eighteenth century, its contrived nature mirrored the equally contrived nature of the landscape gardens it helped to design. Nevertheless, walking “with decorum” as what in today’s terms could be called a phenomenological bodily practice, was central to Sckell’s naturalistic garden designs that were to foster imagination and emotional response.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:34:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sonja Dümpelmann Designing an Appalachian forest path through walking 2022-07-01T17:37:54+00:00 Nathan Heavers <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Contemporary walking paths are often composed of static surfaces, limiting pedestrians to prescribed routes. Piazzas and streets allow for wandering, but are likewise inert; one’s passage leaves no trace. A forest path, branching from a well-used hiking trail in the Appalachian Mountains records the passage of time through the pressure of the walker’s feet on leaves and soil. Negotiating topography and vegetation, fallen trees become thresholds and standing trees mark portals as the pedestrian wanders through rooms framed by living columns. On most days, the walker retraces the path, solidifying the route, but occasionally the walk branches freely. The forest path is a co-design, evolving by the action of walking and myriad life processes in the woods. Drawn on the earth by walking, a literal route has become the author’s figurative path, stimulating an imaginative drawing practice.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:37:05+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nathan Heavers Re-tracing urban landscape lines 2022-07-01T17:37:42+00:00 Daniella Dibos De Tramontana <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>As designers, we should question ourselves on how we relate to the ground. In this article, we would re-trace urban landscape lines of the Qhapaq Ñan, the Inca Andean Road system in Peru, to reveal the primeval pattern that a city extends; we shall explore it through a series of conceptual layers. We inhabit a territory that is facing big changes, and this is taking us towards to the dispel of ecological and archaeological vestiges which are information layers that can lead us to explore the territory. We seek to re-trace a multidimensional system of lines and points, adopting an exploratory and descriptive approach that responses to different strata that allow us to become aware of the landscape. Within observing the systems revealed, we can understand and appreciate the natural and urban landscapes intertwined in a city morphology to operate upon it, for us to propose new alternatives to integrate our heritage to the existent urban landscape.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:40:36+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Daniella Dibos De Tramontana Camminare per significare. Riflessioni progettuali sugli incontri nello spazio 2022-07-01T17:37:26+00:00 Roberto Germanò <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Walking is a crucial aspect. It is a cognitive act acquired exclusively through direct experience. The movement of the subject across space deeply affects the project. What role can the act of walking play in the construction of a meaning? This question seeks answers in a central case study: the Filopappo’s route, designed by Pikionis, with a close reading of the path made up of encounters and pauses. Starting from observations on spatial sequences, the essay focuses on each step of the design process in which architectural elements shape the time of the experience and provide purpose: suggesting possibilities, inviting to rest or contemplate. Offering not only a formal structure but also a spatial punctuation provided by breaking points. Overcoming the simple geometric aspect, we analyze the perceptive aspects of the environment that predispose the subject and tune it with the atmosphere of the space.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:43:08+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Roberto Germanò Apprendere camminando in paesaggi in contrazione tra Biella e Ivrea 2022-07-01T17:37:15+00:00 Marco Mareggi Sara Ghebregzabher Agnese Lombardini Irene Marchesi <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Through summer schools, the Laboratorio del cammino proposes a learning method based on the direct and slow experience of walking. After a period in which the pandemic prevented teaching in presence, this approach was considered even more valuable. It combines and does not replace a digital experience with one of proximity, making it possible to compare what is visible when crossing a territory with what is seen from afar. The article reports the participation in the 2021 edition of the summer school, focused on the industrial and territorial contraction of north-eastern Pied- mont. Moving around and staying in the area made it possible to reveal an articulation of open spaces that make up the countryside, which is thus highlighted concerning an image obscured by the factory. Themes and problems of agricultural and silvo-pastoral shrinkage emerge, and initiatives take care of the territory.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:47:42+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marco Mareggi, Sara Ghebregzabher, Agnese Lombardini, Irene Marchesi Camminare in città. Note per il progetto del marciapiede 2022-07-01T17:37:01+00:00 Chiara Merlini <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In contemporary society, the practice of walking has taken a central role and importance, that can be found in many aspects, from the success of slow tourism to the demand for alternative mobility to the car. The three main values behind this success are sustainability, health, and slowness. Against the background outlined by these terms, the text reflects on some recurring ways of the design for walking space in the city. Some limits are highlighted, attributable both to the prev-alence of performance logics, and decorative attitudes. A precise observation of the sidewalks and their practices of use, also in relation to new and specific needs (for example related to the pandemic, or the aging population), it can reassign the necessary relevance to the project of the space on which we walk.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:51:26+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Chiara Merlini Toward the territorial meaning in walking and staying: use representational diagrams to invigorate imaginary walking 2022-07-01T17:36:49+00:00 Jiacheng Chen <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>As a common human behavior, walking has been regarded much as a bodily movement. To better understand the cognitive aspect, the paper inquires about how imaginary walking can enrich a landscape experience and what the role of the representational diagram is in facilitating the dual status of walking. To present the proposition tangibly, the paper raises three case studies, each being featured with a distinct relation between in-situ walking and imaginary walking. The type of representational diagram in each case also varies, which is conceived as a thematic map for the story in Florence (Italy), a historical transect for the scenario in New York State (United States), and a hybrid drawing for the re-imagination in Yuyao (China). These cases are based on personal experiences, with the previous two finished during the study of Landscape Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania and the third one afterward.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T13:56:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jiacheng Chen Geografie lente. Percorrere le strade di Atene per educare lo sguardo 2022-07-01T17:36:41+00:00 Alessandra Carlini <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The essay deals with an investigation into the narrative capacity of the landscape as a palimpsest experienced through movement and gaze. The opportunity to reflect on the cognitive potential of ‘traveling’ and ‘staying’, of a geography capable of making the authentic relationships between the form of the soil and the anthropic form eloquent, is offered by reading the project by Dimitris Pikionis in Athens (1954-1958) to respond to building pressure that risked compromising the in- tegrity of the areas around the Acropolis. It is the essay Aesthetic Topography (1935) that outlines the theoretical framework that guides Pikionis’ work in these places, suggesting to contemporary architectural culture, a wealth of experiences useful for regaining an embodied knowledge, a les- son on how to educate the gaze to interrogate sensitive reality.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T14:01:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alessandra Carlini Soaking in the thermal landscapes: a slow tour across the Italian inner territories 2022-07-01T17:36:29+00:00 Margherita Pasquali Chiara Chioni Sara Favargiotti <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Crossing the Italian inner territories offers the opportunity to describe no longer their marginali- ty, but to narrate their human and natural resources and, among many, the water: this journey through the Italian thermal landscapes aims to unveil how the landscape is a collective good to be protected, but also a unique opportunity for territorial regeneration. The discovery of the curative properties of some waters – which derive from their deep flow through mineral layers – is intercrossed by history and myth, but their rediscovery is nowadays more relevant than ever for a slow, experiential, sustainable, and inclusive fruition. In the disconnected system of inner rural and mountain territories, the thermal baths can be an opportunity to rediscover and reconnect with nature and wellbeing: they can be places to stay, to be reached for the physical and spiritual rehabilitation, to experience landscapes where to immerse, remain and return.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T14:05:18+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Margherita Pasquali, Chiara Chioni, Sara Favargiotti Camminare come progetto: coreografie di paesaggio attraverso ferrovie dismesse 2022-07-01T17:36:19+00:00 Giacomo Dallatorre <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Observing the evolution of the railway network, in Italy, the presence of eight thousand abandoned kilometers undermines the ways of crossing and the forms of perception that have consolidated over time around a track. Overcoming the opposition between the speed of the train and the slower one of man – and capturing the intuition of Dixon Hunt in the essay Lordship of the feet – walking is a practice to experiment different ways of experiencing an open space as a railway route. The essay interprets the footprints left by six landscape architects, exploring a track with the perception of their own body to suggest more than one movement in the next drawing, as an opportunity to reflect on the role that can be attributed to the path.</p> <p>Encountering the contemporary culture of the landscape project, through an interview with the subjects involved, the journey allows us to begin dialoguing with a local railway heritage, overcoming the perspective of a mono-functional use or reuse, to follow the trajectory of a recovery project as choreography of the crossed landscape.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T14:09:22+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Giacomo Dallatorre La Saja d'Oro: narrare e leggere paesaggi attraversandoli 2022-07-01T17:38:41+00:00 Giancarlo Gallitano Eleonora Giannini Manfredi Leone Lorenzo Nofroni Serena Savelli <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The close relationship that binds space and movement is such that one can be considered the generator of the other and viceversa. Movement is an act of reading-(re)writing of the landscape and the landscape project as a slow mobility project establishes guidelines for the exploration and knowledge of the territory, defining more or less implicit interpretations. Methods and times of travel with the frequency of the stops produce a narrative that involves the community. The case presented, the project of conversion of a former railway line in the urban area of Palermo into greenway, shows how a design intervention can affect the way in which space is appropriated and, at the same time, how the practice of walking and crossing implies giving up the functional monosemic claim that can be often found in architectural projects.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2022-07-01T14:13:27+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Giancarlo Gallitano, Eleonora Giannini, Manfredi Leone, Lorenzo Nofroni, Serena Savelli Walking off the Map, or the arrière-pays 2022-07-01T17:36:36+00:00 John Dixon Hunt <p style="font-weight: 400;">The essay explores what some recent writers have seen as the actual and metaphysical meanings of walking and how it impacts how we walk and design in both undesigned and designed spaces.</p> 2022-07-01T14:17:03+00:00 Copyright (c) Touching Time 2022-07-01T17:37:05+00:00 Frederick Steiner <p style="font-weight: 400;">The American Academy in Rome provides an ideal place for visiting scholars and artists to stay. From this base on the Gianicolo, one can walk about the city and explore its heritage and experience both its contemporary vibrancy and sustained relevance. <em>Touching Time</em> is one American’s reflections, through words and pictures, of his stay at the Academy and his walks in Rome and beyond.</p> 2022-07-01T14:19:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Frederick Steiner