Ri-Vista https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista <p><em>Ri-Vista</em>&nbsp;is an open access semiannual journal in electronic format. It&nbsp;operates through&nbsp;<strong>international call for papers</strong>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<strong><a href="/index.php/ri-vista/about/editorialPolicies#peerReviewProcess">double blind peer review</a></strong>.</p> <p>Founded in 2003, since&nbsp;2014&nbsp;<strong><em>Ri-Vista</em>&nbsp;</strong>is part of the scientific journals of the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.dida.unifi.it/ls-12-department.html">Department of Architecture</a>&nbsp;of the University of Florence and in 2015 a second series was launched.&nbsp;The journal<strong>&nbsp;</strong>deals with&nbsp;<strong>Landscape Architecture</strong>&nbsp;in a traditional disciplinary openness to the contributions of sciences otherwise competent, consolidated over the years in accordance with the nature of the discipline to which it is dedicated.&nbsp;</p> <p>The rich articulation of scientific viewpoints, as identified by studies that different disciplines dedicate to the landscape as a category and to landscapes as realities, is therefore the area from which&nbsp;<strong><em>Ri-Vista</em></strong>&nbsp;searches for references concerning design in the broadest sense of this term that Landscape Architecture can express.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Ri-Vista 1724-6768 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> In the Change. Progettiamo con il cambiamento https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7009 <p>AAVV</p> Emanuela Morelli Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 5 13 10.13128/rv-7009 Salt Lines: Markers of Climate Change https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7011 <p>A critical side-effect of climate change and the connected sea level rise is the migrating, in rivers that flow to the sea, of the salt line, namely the area where fresh water becomes salty. The movement of the salt line up the rivers can affect the supply of fresh water, with deep impacts on communities and economic activities, as well as animal and vegetal species. The article discusses the possible and still not entirely known effects of the salt line movement in three cases — the Hudson and the Delaware rivers in North America, and the Clyde river in Europe — and wonders how salt lines could be represented, that is part of the larger challenge of understanding and visualizing the climate change phenomenon.</p> Laurel McSherry Frederick Steiner Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 16 23 10.13128/rv-7011 Change isn’t always good https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7012 <p>Anthropogenic climate change is one of the most existential threats humanity has faced. Its eventual outcomes, if we do not intervene now, will be catastrophic. Landscape architects are in a unique position to become some of the most influential voices in identifying solutions. There is no silver bullet that will solve the crisis. Multiple strategies require a systems-thinking approach on a variety of fronts and at a diversity of scales. Designing a more resilient future must span the spectrum of ecological, economic, and community-based approaches to tackle big topics like regaining the planet’s biodiversity, rethinking the impacts of our current agricultural practices, and engaging political leaders and ordinary citizens to support strategic investments that will reduce risk.</p> Michael Grove Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 24 41 10.13128/rv-7012 Il paesaggio che viene https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7013 <p>Human activity produces effects all over the planet: environmental, economic and identity crises are interconnected. Even if their size is global, they are perceived and suffered at local level. The Anthropocene is the period in which humanity acquires the power to modify the natural processes of the earth in a similar way to those of a geological force. Philosophers and anthropologists have argued that this condition leads to the overcoming of the traditional and dualistic Western conception of nature as something independent. <br>New challenges are involved in the landscape project, we need new concepts of nature and culture. In this research the landscape project can be proposed as a relation field between ecology and human vision in order to set up a new relationship, a new brotherhood between artistic and scientific knowledge. By working on updating the interpretative and operational categories of the landscape project, it is possible to develop a search for new possible statutes between natural and artificial.</p> Gianni Celestini Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 42 61 10.13128/rv-7013 Crisi climatica e crisi della cultura. Leggendo Amitav Ghosh, La Grande Cecità https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7014 <p>As nowadays climate change is becoming a central topic of discussion, not only in the university with many publications, researches, conferences, but also in the daily and private life of each of us — because we directly experience that something is changing and because of the many initiatives to raise public awareness that involve the entire planet — some voices are rising. Like that of Amitav Ghosh, who wants to shake up the collective consciences in recognizing the responsibility of the cultural matrix of the ongoing transformation. The analysis is sharp, identifying the political and cultural responsibilities that even writers cannot shirk from, also providing a critical reading of the Paris Agreement on climate change of 2015. This short text intends to accompany the reader through the words and thoughts of the Indian writer.</p> Antonella Valentini Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 62 71 10.13128/rv-7014 Climate is changing: are we changing too? https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7015 <p>Many problems in the urban landscape can be reduced or eliminated by proper plant selection and by maintaining trees healthy so that they can fully provide their benefits. In a climate change scenario possible adaptation measures include changes to establishment practices and tree management, better matching of species to site, both under current and future climates, and the planting of non-native species and provenances in anticipation of climate change. Current opinion is to encourage the planting of local provenances of native species, citing adaptation of provenances to local conditions, and the requirement to maintain biodiversity and a native genetic base. However, local provenances may not be able to adapt to a changing climate, particularly given the rate of change predicted. Sourcing planting stock from regions with a current climate similar to that predicted for the future may provide one option, although care must be taken to ensure that suitable provenances are selected which are not at risk from, for example, spring frost damage as a result of early flushing. In this paper we’ll focused on the technical and practical solutions for the selection of trees that might be the best choice in urban environments for the next future, given differences in urban sites (infrastructures, climate, soils etc), species attributes, management requirements and climate.</p> Francesco Ferrini Alessio Fini Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 72 81 10.13128/rv-7015 Un tasso racconta: tra cambiamenti culturali e cambiamenti climatici https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7016 <p>A hundred-year-old yew tree (Taxus baccata L.) was felled at the Cascine Park, in Florence, Italy, providing an opportunity for both a dendrochronological study and an insight into the importance of this tree in the culture of gardens from antiquity to current times.<br>Due to its longevity and wood durability and its growth pattern (quick response to environmental change), T. baccata is most suitable for dendrochronological analysis. <br>This study contributed to elucidating the role of T. baccata as a bioindicator and to considering the vulnerability of monumental plants in historical gardens to climate change.<br>These trees play the role of guardians of time in remembering us how much the comprehension of the past is essential for designing the future. Reintroducing plants in historical gardens requires careful evaluation of their symbolic and compositional functions in garden architecture without forgetting that their ecophysiological needs might remain unmet under changed climatic conditions.</p> Luisa Ghelardini Daniele Matteucci Paolo Capretti Emanuela Morelli Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 82 107 10.13128/rv-7016 Idee di paesaggio nei contesti educativi: attori, progetti e obiettivi https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7017 <p>The relations between education and landscape is a key issue within the current academic debate as well as a topic of numerous reflections and practices concerning the application of the European Landscape Convention. This article responds to the need for a greater knowledge of the Italian context, presenting the results of an online survey, which led to the mapping of numerous educational projects and teacher’s training activities, carried out between 2015 and 2017. From the analysis of the data it is possible to recognize some differences between school and non-formal education contexts, as well as common traits, such as the widespread tendency to consider mainly the transformations of the landscape that occurred in the past. Five different ‘ideas of landscape’, underlying the activities, have been also identified, testifying the multidimensionality and the richness, though not always fully grasped, of the concept of landscape as an object and a tool in educational contexts.</p> Margherita Cisani Benedetta Castiglioni Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 110 127 10.13128/rv-7017 The salt flat that protects itself. A case for the Rights of Nature https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7018 <p>Through the case study of the Salar de Atacama, Chile, this work explores how environmental protection can go beyond conservation to become an opportunity and tool to resize the scale and presence of the extractive practices on the land.<br>The study proposes to define a model of ‘protection’ for this region that transcend the anthropocentric models of environmental protection born in the Western world. It designs the political space and a series of protocols that allow the shift from protection to environmental care, which is inclusive of ways of living of the indigenous population, expanded cross species kinship and extra human living beings united in life around the Salar de Atacama.</p> Vanessa Lastrucci Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 128 147 10.13128/rv-7018 Undici Visioni, 180 Km: Geostorie lungo il confine Italia-Slovenia-Austria https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7019 <p>The article summarizes the research work developed by the Integrated Design Laboratory of Architecture and Building (CdLMCUA — DIA — UNITS) of the University of Trieste in coordination with the Faculty of Architecture of Ljubljana. The study investigated territories and landscapes along the 180km of the border between Italy-Slovenia and Austria, from Tarvisio to Trieste, trying to read and interpret the profound transformations that took place and are still in progress in this geographical area of Europe. This is a sample of a territorial phenomenon that affects the entire buffer of the border of the ‘ex-iron curtain’. The presence, the fall and then the transformation of the border itself spontaneously generated a new ‘geographical structure’ on the European scale. The research proposes a reflection on the territorial models between geography and architecture and eleven project proposals for the landscape rearrangement and the overall planning direction of the border areas in a perspective of cross-border cooperation with an approach to landscape urbanism.</p> Adriano Venudo Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 148 167 10.13128/rv-7019 Rome before Rome: the role of landscape elements, together with technological approaches, shaping the foundation of the Roman civilization https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7020 <p>Most of the ancient cities link their initial fortune to the uniqueness of their geographical position: rivers, hills, islands and natural resources are playing a fundamental role in the game of shaping a powerful future for any urban settlement. However, very few cities share the astonishing destiny of the City of Rome, where all those factors, together with the powerful boost of its citizen’s determination and their primitive but effective technologies, have contributed to design the fate of that urban area, establishing the basis of western civilization and giving a fundamental contribution of all humankind.</p> Federico Cinquepalmi Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 168 185 10.13128/rv-7020 Landscape-Infrastructure: shifts of meaning for changing cities https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7021 <p>Given the current global situation and the problems we need to face, landscape architects are more than ever before confronted with the task of planning and transforming complex cultural landscapes. In the light of this awareness, many professional figures, have once again turned their attention to the large systems of infrastructural networks, that are key to the expansion and functioning of our cities, looking for effective solutions to find a balance between the demand for use and the sustainability and quality of urban environments. The operative landscape design category going by the name of Landscape Infrastructure, marks a major change in the role that Landscape Architecture has played in relation to the production of urban and public spaces over the last century, by actively engaging the political agency, with new kinds of private/public partnerships, capable of creating new landscape super-organisms representing a genuine cultural shift.</p> Marta Buoro Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 186 197 10.13128/rv-7021 Design With Nature Now https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7023 <p>AAVV</p> Erica Yudelman Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 202 205 10.13128/rv-7023 About Towns, Ecology and the Land: lessons learned from an Italian point of view https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7024 <p>AAVV</p> Catherine Dezio Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 206 209 10.13128/rv-7024 Verso Sud. Quando Roma sarà andata a Tunisi https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7025 <p>AAVV</p> Federica Andreoni Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 210 213 10.13128/rv-7025 ATHROPOCENE, un’esplorazione multimediale che documenta l’indelebile impronta umana sulla terra https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7026 <p>AAVV</p> Fondazione MAST Copyright (c) 2019 Ri-Vista https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-10-03 2019-10-03 17 1 214 217 10.13128/rv-7026