Ri-Vista. Research for landscape architecture https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista <p><em>Ri-Vista. Research for landscape architecture</em> is an open access six-monthly scientific journal in electronic format. It operates through <strong>international call for papers</strong>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<strong><a href="/index.php/ri-vista/about/editorialPolicies#peerReviewProcess">double blind peer review</a></strong>.</p> <p>Founded in 2003, the second series was launched in 2015, when <strong><em>Ri-Vista</em></strong> became part of the scientific journals of the University of Florence, <a href="http://www.dida.unifi.it/ls-12-department.html">Department of Architecture</a>. The journal, which is free for authors, operates through international calls for papers and double-blind peer review.</p> <p><em>Ri-Vista</em> deals with the multiple dimensions of landscape planning and design, seen from a rich variety of disciplines, in a scientific and open perspective which is distinctive of <strong>landscape architecture</strong>. Each issue aims at gathering knowledge and visions around specific topics, promoting innovative and responsible actions for creation, protection, restoration and management of landscapes.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Ri-Vista. Research for landscape architecture 1724-6768 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> Exploring everyday landscapes of research https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/9996 <p>.</p> Anna Lambertini Tessa Matteini Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 1 15 10.13128/rv-9996 Progetto di paesaggio e interazione con le altre specie viventi https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8388 <div>Landscape design has always been considered a cultural crossroad, an open reference, a welcoming and available space of interpretation, but this does not equate to considering it a&nbsp;field of undetermined meanings nor a set of images difficult to recognize.&nbsp;Complexity, intended as&nbsp;aptitude to distinguish but not to separate</div> <div>, can be considered a genetic feature of the landscape design project since its modern ‘origins’, but often it is misunderstood for indeterminacy.&nbsp;Univocal&nbsp;terms, those terms apparently clear, frequently used to&nbsp;‘confine’ the landscape design project (green areas, urban, suburban, natural, anthropic landscapes, etc., borgesian lists which will never get to clear doubts about ‘attributions’) reveal&nbsp;the crisis of ideas long worn by time and simplifications, only able to flatten every possibility&nbsp;of interpretation and start the usual nominalist debate, aimed mostly at (very complicated)&nbsp;disciplinary attributions. The hypothesis discussed in this article is that the landscape design&nbsp;project is instead clearly interpretable. The field of meanings to which the article will refer to</div> <div>is ascribable to the representation and design experimentation of&nbsp;relations with the natural</div> <div>world. These relations are obviously very different one from the other, historically defined,&nbsp;but related by the same research of spatial interaction between human communities, contexts of life and ‘other’ living species. Landscape designers have a common vision capable&nbsp;of looking at living species as traveling companions on the path to the project and not as&nbsp;mere ‘tools’, whether the individual experience of landscape designers is related to the design of gardens and parks, or comes from the study of layered landscapes which must not be</div> <div>wasted, or is oriented towards landscapes damaged by use and pollution, or is on projects of&nbsp;poetic comment or radical regeneration of degraded soils, whether it is referred to ecological adaptability or collective health, to social dialogue or the re-appropriation of abandonedspaces. Until a few years ago this central role was difficult to affirm, and landscape designerswere consideredmarginalfigures, exponents of a soft world, detached from real dynamics.&nbsp;The landscape design project instead, far from being accessory and decorative, is a hard project, and necessary, today more than ever. In the words of Kristine Hill: “People often think of&nbsp;landscape as something ephemeral or something at small scale, but landscape is massive and&nbsp;muscular and strong” (Hill 2012, p. 49).&nbsp;To argue more clearly about the peculiarities of the contemporary landscape design project,&nbsp;it may be useful to briefly outline&nbsp;some&nbsp;distinguishing features in&nbsp;other&nbsp;moments of history.</div> Cristina Imbroglini Lucina Caravaggi Anna Lei Copyright (c) 2020 Cristina Imbroglini, Lucina Caravaggi, Anna Lei https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 18 37 10.13128/rv-8388 Il Progetto di Paesaggio come modalità di lavoro nei contesti urbanizzati contemporanei. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8391 <div>The following paper is the result of a research project developed within the Phd program in Landscape and Environment of Sapienza, Università di Roma. The starting point for the research is the&nbsp;idea of Landscape design as a complex medium, able to metabolize the emerging problems connected to the upheaval of the twentieth century city, such as the ecological crisis, the growing social&nbsp;inequalities and the resurgence of the direct agency of citizens in contemporary city public spaces. The main hypothesis of this work is that these different issues are finding common ground, in&nbsp;terms of new possible designs, thanks to feedbacks between a new ecological awareness and new&nbsp;forms of participation. This supports the development of new ways of design that seem to unhinge contrapositions and antinomies inherited from the past and deeply engrained in the collective design imagination such as: scientific vs. creative, temporary vs. permanent, strategic vs. tac-</div> <div>tic. The research structure is an abductive one: it moves from an interpretative review of contemporary landscape designs to debate the reasons of their success. To this end, a series of interpretative&nbsp;arguments are outlined to support the possible explanation of this evidence and interpretative hypotheses are traced to connect them to the ongoing evolution of the Landscape design itself.</div> Manuel Lentini Copyright (c) 2020 Manuel Lentini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 38 61 10.13128/rv-8391 Perception, ecology, imagination for urban landscapes. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8305 <p>The European Landscape Convention (CEP) is an instrument to open discussions and debates about areas that cover natural, rural, urban and peri-urban areas, including land, inland water and marine areas. This text would like to debate about the pragmatical central CEP theme of how communities perceive areas as exceptional landscapes to be planned through actions of restoration and creation.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>Not all areas can be recognized as landscapes, but it happens when communities establish cultural, economic, and social actions with natural areas that produce interesting landscapes to be considered as community values.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>The text briefly analyzes two important projects built in New York City: The High Line and the Brooklyn Bridge Park. Since they are emblematic and well known landscape architecture projects, the analysis focuses on the cultural and aesthetic process to perceive these two areas as landscapes to be planned through ecological design.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span>The second part concerns about teaching experiences of landscape architecture studios at the University of Pennsylvania.&nbsp;Selecting three different areas in three cities, the teaching studios experiment the process to perceive areas as landscapes, and how these landscapes can be planned through design concept based on art, beauty, and ornament. At the same time, these exercises open discussion about an idea of ecology concerning the simplicity of the design process to reach an ecological aesthetic. Specifically, they are three design experiences carried out in Shanghai, for a suburb metropolitan art park; in Milan, for a new beautiful urban space for the Genoa’s Gate; in Prague, for an ornamental landscape of an abandoned industrial landscape along the Vltava River. <span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> Valerio Morabito Copyright (c) 2020 Valerio Morabito https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-09-01 2020-09-01 18 1 62 89 10.13128/rv-8305 Beyond the ordinary landscapes https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8425 <p>In the paper we argue that ordinary and outstanding landscapes are often considered separate, but in spatial reality they are united, they are the same. The theoretical concept of the Janus face, which distinguishes between the centripetal, inward-orientated face and the centrifugal, outward-oriented face, can also be applied to the consideration of landscapes. The crucial question to which we are seeking an answer is whether and why landscapes could correlate with Janus face? In order to confirm this thesis, we have selected two landscapes to deal with this argument: the exceptional viticultural landscapes of Lanzarote in the Canary Islands and the terraced landscapes in general. Both landscapes include two opposing aspects: they are the product of the collective commitment of the ordinary life and work of farmers and they are constructed out of exceptional landscape structures. These aspects are merged together in the landscape’s appearance. The connection of both polarities is particularly important for the recognition of terraced landscapes, which were created already at the beginning of the historical development of landscapes.</p> Lucija Azman Momirski Copyright (c) 2020 Lucija Azman Momirski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 90 111 10.13128/rv-8425 Reinventare è una cosa seria https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8289 <div>Reinventing is an action and a key concept of our time: reinventing uses, practices, things, places,&nbsp;spaces, ready-made formulas which have always worked and no longer appear to be adequate&nbsp;today, if we want to face the challenges of global changes.Contemporary environmental and social emergencies drive us to observe with a different look also landscapes of everyday life and to&nbsp;re-read design practices to orientate them towards new quality targets. Daily news and thoughts&nbsp;on climate change, on pollution in our cities or on the gigantic numbers of big data, influence&nbsp;methods and technical and operational tools of the different disciplines, pushing design practice&nbsp;towards the construction of answers rather than the elaboration of possible solutions, of goals</div> <div>rather than ideas. If on one hand this transition drives us to constantly revise our approach to&nbsp;design, on the other hand it maybe drives to overlook those elementary operations which characterize the creative process and allow to transform parts of landscape and spatial or cultural&nbsp;resources, reinventing them.</div> Leonardo Pilati Copyright (c) 2020 Leonardo Pilati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 114 125 10.13128/rv-8289 Segni nello spazio pubblico. Communication design e narrazione dei luoghi https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/9377 <p>The contribution investigates the role of communication design as a useful tool, in order to improve the relationship between places and inhabitants and turn our gaze on the deep bond between citizens, cities and signs.</p> <p>The city is seen as a device that enters into relationship, not only through physical elements, but also through allowed or suggested routes, rules and prohibitions incorporated in signage: it is precisely from the narration of places, from the elements that populate them, that you perceive specifically the city.</p> <p>To support this thesis, significant experiences realized internationally by designers and landscape architects such as Ruedi Baur, Catherine Linder, Malte Martin are illustrated.</p> Susanna Cerri Copyright (c) 2020 Susanna Cerri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-07-13 2020-07-13 18 1 126 175 10.13128/rv-9377 Place to place. Paesaggi ordinari dell'est parigino https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8294 <div>The paper offers a walk through the everyday landscapes of eastern Paris, from place de la Bastille to place de la Nation, passing through rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine.&nbsp;The walk becomes a narration of changes and transformations of landscape in time, with a particular insight on the evolution of the management of most recent or on-going transformations.&nbsp;If knowledge of the historical evolution is essential to understand character, identity, potential&nbsp;and constraints of the places visited, the most recent transformations offer inputs for reflection&nbsp;on the different ways of accompanying change, on the aptitude of the actors involved and on the</div> <div>dynamics of the procedures put into place.</div> Alessia Sannolo Copyright (c) 2020 Alessia Sannolo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 176 195 10.13128/rv-8294 Linking research through design and adult learning programs for urban agendas: a perspective essay https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/9420 <p>Local government are addressing energy transition, one of the prominent sustainability goals in the urban agendas, yet they need to enhance capacity building, therefore engagement with sustainability science and adult learning programs for civil servants are frequently activated. Landscape architects are more frequently called to be boundary spanners in complex sustainability goals. This perspective essay aims at reflecting on the synergetic links between adult learning approaches and landscape architecture research through design in the prominent field of the transition to renewable energy. The reflections will be narrated by means of a first application conducted for the Municipality of Amsterdam. The tentative implications suggests that a social learning environment founds synergetic links to a constructivist research through design approach.</p> Paolo Picchi Dirk Oudes Sven Stremke Copyright (c) 2020 Paolo Picchi, Dirk Oudes, Sven Stremke https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 198 213 10.13128/rv-9420 An everyday living heritage landscape. Reading public space as a complete and complex expression of the contemporary city. Applications based on Andalusia cases https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/9245 <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">El objetivo de este artículo es presentar un marco conceptual sobre los espacios públicos, integrándolo con contribuciones del enfoque del paisaje patrimonial, entendiendo dichos paisajes a través de sus dimensiones testimoniales, contextuales y procesales. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Además de la descripción de las fases analíticas que pueden replicarse dentro del espacio público de una ciudad, considerando su naturaleza física, social, política y simbólica. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Esta perspectiva toma la vista de un evento completo y complejo aplicable a los espacios públicos en general, aunque se centra en casos destacados en términos de su singularidad o carácter emergente. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">El artículo concluye revisando los conceptos de autenticidad e integridad aplicados a los espacios públicos, como un enfoque operativo para desarrollar una comprensión integral de dichos espacios públicos, así como estrategias y toma de decisiones.</span></span></p> Antonio García-García Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio García-García https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 214 237 10.13128/rv-9245 Criteria for Designing Cultural Itineraries as a Strategy for Restoring the Dynamics of Cultural Landscape Formation. Some Research Notes about the Case Study of Itálica. https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8093 <p>The historical concept of heritage, which mostly comprised a limited selection of structures and areas that were considered of cultural or natural interest, has been extended to the surrounding landscape in the last decades. This tendency has been corroborated by a series of International Charters and the European Landscape Convention.</p> <p>Despite <em>protection</em>, <em>management</em> and<em> planning</em> proposed by ELC some structural aspects of the territory have been disregarded because of the frantic enlargement of cities throughout the Twentieth Century. In many cases, urban investments and planning associated to the expansion of the metropolitan areas have overlooked a territorial heritage that is necessary to ensure the cultural landscape regeneration. This is the case of cultural landscapes in the buffer zones of the archaeological sites, which are now part of a diffuse territorial heritage that requires to be valorised through some innovative approaches. Particularly, the archaeological site of Italica (Santiponce) a Roman settlement located near the city of Sevilla in Andalucia (Spain) has been considered as a case study for the development of the iconographic repertory&nbsp; presented within the paper.</p> <p>The article aims to lay down the criteria for designing cultural itineraries able to restore the dynamics of cultural landscape formation. This implies the design of a bottom-up methodology to be applied in those cases where there is neither a regulatory framework nor a territorial planning able to guarantee that the actions on landscape have a real impact on social welfare and local development. The conceptualisation and hypotheses formulated by some authors of the Territorialist Society are used as references to establish a conceptual framework and a two-stage methodological approach. The conceptual framework is based on three pillars: the translation of heritage and identity values from cultural landscape to territorial heritage, the definition of a time-based territorial paradigm and the analytical method towards an integrated plan for territory. A GIS-assisted analytical method to design cultural itineraries is then suggested, framed within a landscape project aimed to promote the enlargement of the territorial heritage as a prerequisite to guarantee the restitution of the dynamics of cultural landscape formation.</p> Rebeca Merino del Río Copyright (c) 2020 Rebeca Merino del Río https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-13 2020-11-13 18 1 238 263 10.13128/rv-8093