Ri-Vista https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista <p><em>Ri-Vista</em>&nbsp;is an open access semiannual journal in electronic format. It&nbsp;operates through&nbsp;<strong>international call for papers</strong>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<strong><a href="/index.php/ri-vista/about/editorialPolicies#peerReviewProcess">double blind peer review</a></strong>.</p> <p>Founded in 2003, since&nbsp;2014&nbsp;<strong><em>Ri-Vista</em>&nbsp;</strong>is part of the scientific journals of the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.dida.unifi.it/ls-12-department.html">Department of Architecture</a>&nbsp;of the University of Florence and in 2015 a second series was launched.&nbsp;The journal<strong>&nbsp;</strong>deals with&nbsp;<strong>Landscape Architecture</strong>&nbsp;in a traditional disciplinary openness to the contributions of sciences otherwise competent, consolidated over the years in accordance with the nature of the discipline to which it is dedicated.&nbsp;</p> <p>The rich articulation of scientific viewpoints, as identified by studies that different disciplines dedicate to the landscape as a category and to landscapes as realities, is therefore the area from which&nbsp;<strong><em>Ri-Vista</em></strong>&nbsp;searches for references concerning design in the broadest sense of this term that Landscape Architecture can express.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Ri-Vista 1724-6768 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> Protection, management and planning: ragioni, pratiche ed effetti della tutela del paesaggio https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8308 <p>Editoriale: «Protection, management and planning: ragioni, pratiche ed effetti della tutela del paesaggio»</p> Claudia Cassatella Benedetta Castiglioni Copyright (c) 2019 Claudia Cassatella, Benedetta Castiglioni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 18 2 4 13 10.13128/rv-8308 The case of landscape planning in Italy https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8311 <p>The new impulse experienced in landscape planning in Italy after the National Heritage and Landscape Code of 2004 has changed the frame of Heritage protection as well as regional planning processes and plans, introducing interesting innovations. At the same time, current implementation practices show how even the most certain regulative contents depend on collective interpretation, and institutional actors seldom guarantee the continuity of institutional action and the financial, cognitive and relational resources needed for implementing landscape strategies.</p> <p>Finally, the paper offers some first evidence from an ongoing pilot project, regarding the mobilization of non-institutional actors whose interests are coherent with and could therefore contribute to the strategies of the Landscape Plan.</p> Anna Marson Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Marson https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 18 2 16 23 10.13128/rv-8311 Paesaggio-tutela o paesaggio-vincolo? 15 anni di pianificazione paesaggistica in Sardegna (2004-2019) https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8312 <p>This paper addresses the theme of the policies of landscape planning in Sardinia over the last 15 years. This subject must be seen through the profound demographic, social and territorial changes that have crossed the island since the 1960s onwards: the explosion of tourism and industry, the emptying of inland areas and the resulting movement of residents to the coasts. We then analyse the operations of rewriting and rhetorical redefinition of the ‘Regional Landscape Plan’ through the policies of Renato Soru, Ugo Cappellacci and Francesco Pigliaru, the three presidents of the Sardinia Region between 2004 and 2019. The process of landscape planning is currently stalled because of the lack of a common and total vision.</p> Marcello Tanca Copyright (c) 2019 Marcello Tanca https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 18 2 24 39 10.13128/rv-8312 Oltre la norma: la parte strategica del Piano Paesaggistico Regionale del Friuli Venezia Giulia https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8313 <p>In 2014 the Regione Autonoma Friuli Venezia Giulia launched the process of drafting the Regional Landscape Plan through a gradual participatory process in the Codice dei Beni culturali e del Paesaggio and in the European Landscape Convention. This project, which was also attended by an interdepartmental team of the University of Udine, ended in April 2018 with the approval of the Plan; this places Friuli Venezia Giulia among the few Italian regions to have a landscape management tool.</p> <p>The Plan, organized in three parts, statutory, strategic and management, is characterized by innovative aspects and a vision that opens up to a dynamic and participatory conception of landscape planning. The strategic part was built on three pillars: networks, structural landscapes, guidelines, which also consider the results of the important participatory process.</p> Mauro Pascolini Copyright (c) 2019 Mauro Pascolini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 18 2 40 49 10.13128/rv-8313 Un approccio plurale ai paesaggi della conflittualità. L’esperienza di pianificazione paesaggistica in Friuli Venezia Giulia https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8314 <p>The distance between landscape visions, defined within local communities through diverse participatory processes and landscape planning logics at a regional scale, is expressed by conflictive landscapes. In such changing spaces, which from time to time take on a different definition, context-dependent initiatives, promoted by local authorities and based on grass-roots knowledge, interplay and clash with planning modes driven by specialised knowledge responding to different political needs and defined by homologating normative. The research explores the different approaches to such ‘contested landscapes’ through the analysis of the relationships between community inputs and planning tools definition in the experience of the Friuli Venezia Giulia Regional Landscape Plan</p> Enrico Michelutti Andrea Guaran Copyright (c) 2019 Enrico Michelutti, Andrea Guaran https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 18 2 50 61 10.13128/rv-8314 Perimetrare la bellezza paesaggistica. Una metodologia multidisciplinare per l’individuazione dei boschi costieri toscani “figurativamente caratterizzanti” https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8315 <p>The article returns the results of a research commissioned by Regione Toscana to identify the coastal territories covered by forests and woods that “figuratively characterize the territory”. On these territories the PIT/PPR prohibits “new building forecasts that involve land consumption”.</p> <p>The research employed a multidisciplinary approach and produced a cartographic database of the aforementioned formations delivered to the Tuscany Region and not yet published in the cartographic repertoires of the Plan. A circumstance that we believe must be put in some relationship with the complexity of the interinstitutional relationship that exists between the subjects entrusted with landscape planning and those to whom the choices of urban planning are entrusted</p> Fabio Lucchesi Maria Rita Gisotti Copyright (c) 2019 Fabio Lucchesi, Maria Rita Gisotti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 18 2 62 77 10.13128/rv-8315 Quali politiche per i paesaggi rurali storici in Italia? Riflessioni su alcune recenti iniziative pubbliche, attraverso l’esame di due casi studio https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8316 <p>The paper examines, even through the analysis of some case studies, some recent national initiatives for historical rural landscapes. Some problematic issues, both theoretical and practical, that emerge considering these landscapes in conservation and safeguard policies, are then highlighted, with reference to the Italian case</p> Viviana Ferrario Andrea Turato Copyright (c) 2019 Viviana Ferrario, Andrea Turato https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 18 2 78 93 10.13128/rv-8316 Tutelare i paesaggi rurali. Riflessioni sulla strada Ciattalina e il paesaggio dei ciliegi in fiore https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8317 <p>Within the Italian legislative framework, the article proposes a structured thinking on rural landscape conservation, based on a specific case study, a valley located in the hills close to the town of Turin. Urban pressure and land abandonment, together with a strong community identity associated with the presence of cherry trees, are the driving factors to propose a conservation project</p> Agnese Accotto Copyright (c) 2019 Agnese Accotto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 18 2 94 111 10.13128/rv-8317 Protecting landscape as a network of relations: challenges and perspectives in the case of Imerhev (Meydancik) Valley, Turkey https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7640 <p>Identifying and protecting a network of relations is challenging since it deals with natural and social processes, but it is essential for a comprehensive understanding of landscapes. Rural areas are the best representatives of networks of relations in landscapes due to direct interactions with nature through economic activities and traditional socio-cultural practices. However, today, rural landscapes encounter forces leading to major changes. In order to overcome these forces, a landscape approach is required to provide integrated, unitary and comprehensive approaches in identification, protection, management and planning of landscapes. Imerhev Valley is selected as a case study. It has multiple values characterized by traditional practices, but is encountering forces of change both in its natural and cultural landscape. In this regard, this paper first describes the landscape as a network of relations and applies the approach to the selected case study. As the second step, the paper focuses on the dynamics and drivers of change. Finally, the paper identifies key issues of challenges that have to be addressed in protecting landscape values.</p> Emine Çiğdem Asrav Copyright (c) 2019 Emine Çiğdem Asrav https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-16 2019-12-16 18 2 116 129 10.13128/rv-7640 Design for biodiverse urban landscapes: connecting place-making to place-keeping https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/7641 <p>Conservation and enhancement of biodiversity inside cities are increasingly acknowledged as important as well as urgent issues. To date, several landscape planning and design paradigms have been set up for the creation of biodiverse urban landscapes. However, only few of such paradigms adequately stress the necessity to focus both on the ‘place-making’ dimension, namely the planning and design phase, and on the ‘place-keeping’ dimension, namely the management phase. The latter is often conceived as the final and separate phase of the creative process. On the contrary, to pursue an effective urban biodiversity conservation and enhancement, ‘place-keeping’ should act as a framework both for planning and design actions and for all those actions related to long-term open space management, such as maintenance, evaluation, and governance. The integration of these ‘material’ and ‘immaterial’ actions is crucial for the effectiveness of every landscape projects, but even more for projects explicitly addressed at improving urban biodiversity through the design of new urban habitats. In this article, we present a successful case of design of a new urban wetland habitat situated along the Spanish coast, the Charca de Suárez. Both landscape design choices and management actions are presented. We argue that an important driver of the Charca success is the actual embedding of ‘place-making’ dimension into the ‘place-keeping’ dimension – which has been conceived as long-term management of the site – and the consequent effective integration between scales, tools, actors and disciplines.</p> Emma Salizzoni Rocío Pérez-Campaña Copyright (c) 2019 Emma Salizzoni, Rocío Pérez-Campaña https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-16 2019-12-16 18 2 130 149 10.13128/rv-7641 Immaginari geografici e marketing turistico: dal “brand territoriale” ai “paesaggi griffati” https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8320 <p>The article investigates the intertwining between landscape images and the promotion of ‘brands’ related to tourist-territorial valorisation. From an cultural geography-based approach, the essay, in an interdisciplinary perspective, analyzes the role that marketing strategies, with their related vocabulary (brand, griffe, logo), have in the promotion of territories. By examining some recent educational and promotional experiences, the article provides conceptual references in order to understand the contemporary frontiers of territorial marketing</p> Davide Papotti Copyright (c) 2019 Davide Papotti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 18 2 146 157 10.13128/rv-8320 Produrre paesaggio: patrimonio e contesto territoriale delle denominazioni geografiche agroalimentari. Il caso studio del Piemonte https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8323 <p>The indication of the food origin is one of the most important tools to ensure the protection of consumers and farmers. It is also very important to maintain and enhance rural landscape, especially in Italy and within agri-food productions with geographical indications. The strong link in terms of identity and culture between the territory and these products, a heritage preserved by farmers from generation to generation, is apparently intangible, but actually, it emerges in the fields configuration and in the traditional landscape features. Supporting agri-food production with deep territorial and cultural origins, means promoting a model anchored in local economies and rural communities. However, the risk of losing this heritage is still real, especially in our country and despite the several tools of protection and promotion in the agri-food sector. In this paper, the author shows the authenticity of the link between landscape and agri-food products through the analysis of a Piedmont case and the spatial analysis of the geographical context and territorial relationship (protection, naturalness, visual integrity and accessibility). In addition, the paper suggests some technical and political issues that can contribute to the debate on the heritage integrated vision, considered also as a potential lever of development</p> Enrico Gottero Copyright (c) 2019 Enrico Gottero https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 18 2 160 175 10.13128/rv-8323 Il paradosso dei paesaggi disturbati dalla transizione energetica. L’isola di Pantelleria verso nuovi ecosistemi https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8324 <p>The energy transition process is often restrained by oppositions and paradoxes that block its effective realization. The landscape project, as an instrument for anticipating future spatial arrangements of a territory, can help to address the process by integrating infrastructural, touristic and environmental systems in a coherent vision. The article explores this option within the case-study of Pantelleria, emphasizing opportunities and obstacles linked to a scenario-based approach and arguing that a change in the energy production must correspond to a parallel evolution in the ways of generating and interpreting new landscapes. The path towards the island’s self-sufficiency is developed through the proposal for a large-scale “energy ecosystem”, capable of establishing alternative uses of the territory by narrating the dynamic interaction between the elements involved in the transition process: light, air, land and water</p> Gianni Lobosco Copyright (c) 2019 Gianni Lobosco https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 18 2 176 191 10.13128/rv-8324 I paesaggi culturali Unesco tra valenze ideologiche e dinamiche territoriali https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8325 <p>Recensione: «G. Pettenati, <em>I paesaggi culturali Unesco in Italia</em>, Milano, Franco Angeli, 2019»</p> Margherita Cisani Copyright (c) 2019 Margherita Cisani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 18 2 194 197 10.13128/rv-8325 Paesaggi urbani ad alta densità https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8326 <p>Recensione: «Rinaldi B.M., Yok Tan P. (a cura di), <em>Urban Landscapes in HighDensity Cities. Parks, Streetscapes, Ecosystems</em>, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2019»</p> Alessandro Gabbianelli Copyright (c) 2019 Alessandro Gabbianelli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 18 2 198 205 10.13128/rv-8326 Anthropocene challenges for landscape ecology https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/8327 <p>Recensione: «<em>Nature and society facing the Anthropocene: challenges and perspectives for landscape ecology</em>, 10th IALE World Congress, University of Milano-Bicocca 1st-5th July 2019»</p> Claudia Canedoli Noemi Rota Emilio Padoa Schioppa Copyright (c) 2019 Claudia Canedoli, Noemi Rota, Emilio Padoa Schioppa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 18 2 206 209 10.13128/rv-8327