Ri-Vista. Research for landscape architecture https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista <p><em>Ri-Vista. Research for landscape architecture</em> is an open access six-monthly scientific journal in electronic format. It operates through <strong>international call for papers</strong>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<strong><a href="/index.php/ri-vista/about/editorialPolicies#peerReviewProcess">double blind peer review</a></strong>.</p> <p>Founded in 2003, the second series was launched in 2015, when <strong><em>Ri-Vista</em></strong> became part of the scientific journals of the University of Florence, <a href="http://www.dida.unifi.it/ls-12-department.html">Department of Architecture</a>. The journal, which is free for authors, operates through international calls for papers and double-blind peer review.</p> <p><em>Ri-Vista</em> deals with the multiple dimensions of landscape planning and design, seen from a rich variety of disciplines, in a scientific and open perspective which is distinctive of <strong>landscape architecture</strong>. Each issue aims at gathering knowledge and visions around specific topics, promoting innovative and responsible actions for creation, protection, restoration and management of landscapes.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> emanuela.morelli@unifi.it (Emanuela Morelli) alessandro.pierno@unifi.it (Alessandro Pierno) Thu, 27 Jan 2022 18:49:13 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Abitare l’intangibile: paesaggio e spazio pubblico https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12447 <p>Nella geografia complessa delle nostre città, quella dello Spazio Pubblico è entità oggi quanto mai flessibile, aperta e contraddittoria, concettualmente più permeabile e necessariamente rispondente ai cambiamenti così incisivi e profondi delle comunità che le abitano.</p> <p>Il progetto come dispositivo, in coerenza con il portato della Convenzione Europea del Paesaggio, indirizza le ragioni di una strategia di intervento sui valori intangibili come strumenti operativi che ne determinano qualità e successo. Livelli di identità e appropriazione diventano strumenti del fare, insieme a relazioni percettive e dinamiche, flessibilità e pluralità di funzioni, traiettorie e tempi che scandiscono forme e maniere di vivere ed abitare nelle città. Quando da ‘pubblici’ gli ambiti urbani passano ad essere collettivi, partecipati, quotidiani, condivisi. Quando da ‘spazi’ diventano ‘luoghi’.</p> <p>Il numero presenta ricerche, esperienze, tendenze e attitudini di progetto che lasciano emergere i caratteri di un progressivo allontanarsi da un’attenzione prevalente agli aspetti stilistico-formali e compositivi di piazze, strade, marciapiedi, passeggi, giardini, parchi per essere trattati come spazi emozionali della nostra esistenza. Esso raccogliere esperienze progettuali innovative in cui antropologia, filosofia, questioni sociali, si fondono alla composizione architettonica, all’urbanistica, alla progettazione urbana e alimentano ricerca, sperimentazione, sensibilità operativa per sostanziare un progetto di paesaggio più consapevole e complesso.</p> Daniela Colafranceschi, Joan Nogué Copyright (c) 2021 Daniela Colafranceschi, Joan Nogué https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12447 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 L'imponderabile https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12358 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Considering the intangible dimension of design is much more relevant than it may seem. Bearing in mind the limited room for manoeuvre the designer has when he receives a commission, since he is usually strongly constrained by the limitations of use and function, the consideration of the immaterial dimension of the project is perhaps the only way he can direct it and think of it as a whole. Thinking of the intangible as a project implies making the invisible visible, knowing how to generate a very subtle narration of the place that captures and attracts our gaze without clamour; a gaze that will not be homogeneous, because the perception of public space is always subject to nuances.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Gilles A. Tiberghien Copyright (c) 2021 Gilles A. Tiberghien https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12358 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Paesaggi intangibili, voi dite... https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12351 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>... And to think that it is precisely by working remotely that we would have discovered the fascination of absence ...</p> <p>Intangible landscapes, you say... With this term ‘intangible’ we define some material and immaterial landscapes that are expressions of rights acquired in our history at the price of struggles and sacrifices, whose value we want to preserve because they characterize our identity. As you know, I have always sustained that the substance of the landscape, if understood as a project, has forms and contents that it is not only possible, but dutyful to define, because it is also an eminently political issue, to be proposed to our country as a daily priority commitment.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Franco Zagari Copyright (c) 2021 Franco Zagari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12351 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 17:28:02 +0000 Corpo a corpo https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11449 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Bodies make immaterial, impermanent, and impregnable urban geographies, and thereby affirm and claim the open spaces of the city as fields of opportunity, repositories of not pacified and controversial rituals, therefore fruitful. Bodies have an explicit design value; they are cognitive as well as configurative tools. When we put bodies at the center of the project, we outline performative landscapes in both environmental and aesthetic, emotional and behavioral terms. At the same time, we male authentically erotic landscapes, which are opportunities for mixing, commingling, generating situations pulsating with life. We make landscape of great sensualism, in the very sense of expansion and amplification of sensibilities attentive to contextual interactions, both present and eventual. This paper investigates some of declinations of this statement, going through different scales and fields, from urban history to art history, and then dwells on some notable examples of contemporary landscape architecture.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Annalisa Metta Copyright (c) 2021 Annalisa Metta https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11449 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Intensità nello spazio urbano https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12193 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Changes affect the contemporary habitat, leading to a revolution in behavior with exceptional impacts in terms of speed and intensity on the redefinition of forms and functions of space. Expressions like “gathering place” and “social exchange”, although ordinary and generic, express the need to rediscover links between people severely impaired by different processes, some long-lasting, which seem to undermine the roots of the community spirit inherent in the concept of urbanity. In a world increasingly filled with beings, things, information and images, the territories are shaped by the ripples and unprecedented collisions that cause the disappearance of the common spaces of the city. In the practice of landscape architects, the awareness that open spaces express a structuring and relational potential for the urban habitat is now consolidated; they can become the place where unpredictable things can happen and, welcoming by nature, they enclose a formidable propulsive energy capable of revealing the intensity. On this ground the project can play a role, certainly not as a “peacemaker” recognizing and activating the potential of the situation, working with the existing even if it is something contradictory, uncertain, unstable.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>Nella pratica dei paesaggisti è ormai consolidata la consapevolezza che gli spazi aperti esprimono un potenziale strutturante e relazionale per l’habitat urbano; possono diventare il luogo di accadimenti possibili e la loro natura accogliente rappresenta una formidabile energia propulsiva con la quale rivelare l’intensità. È su questo terreno che il progetto può giocare un ruolo, non certo pacificatore né ordinatore, ma riconoscendo e attivando il potenziale della situazione, lavorando con ciò che c’è anche se si tratta di caratteri contraddittori, incerti, instabili.</p> Gianni Celestini Copyright (c) 2021 Gianni Celestini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12193 Tue, 30 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Intangibile, Emergente, Esplicito. Il progetto di paesaggio per la transizione ecologica https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12460 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The result of the ecological transition process today is nothing more than an intangible landscape. Still utopian, it is thought of as the custodian of our desires, the communitarian expression of a democratic technology, a flexible dimension that will finally welcome a reformed society. As still potential and strictly dependent on our present action, the intangible landscape of ecological transition also has its Yang: the landscape of global warming of 2° C, in the scenario hypothesized by the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In balance between catharsis and catastrophe there is now a need for effective strategies to make the objective of transition concrete and the landscape, more than a mere destination, can today be understood as the main actor on the urban scene. Having cleared the field of misunderstandings and mystifications, the essay explores the potential of the landscape project as a political project of a solidary as well as ecological transition.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Ludovica Marinaro Copyright (c) 2021 Ludovica Marinaro https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12460 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Ripensare i lastscapes. Da spazi altri a spazi pubblici: ipertopie al di là dei recinti https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11443 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Conventional description, interpretation and design processes for public space enter into crisis in the geography of the 20th-century sprawling city denoted by enclosures. In this complex geography, often coinciding with that of drosscape, heterotopias of deviation raise thorny issues in the contemporary urban landscape. Role and shape of these now obsolete heritages must be rethought starting with the enclosure walls, a representative element of the heterotopical identity of these places.<br>This paper explores burial landscapes, lastscapes, as a chance for urban fragments surrounding them. These places should be interpreted as hypertopias and no longer as heterotopias, rather than “other spaces” they should be considered as public spaces. With this purpose, three design strategies are proposed, using northern European case studies: a project of rooms, a project of margins, a project of layers.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Giovangiuseppe Vannelli, Angela D'Agostino, Rita Occhiuto Copyright (c) 2021 Giovangiuseppe Vannelli, Angela D'Agostino, Rita Occhiuto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11443 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 La dimensione dello spazio pubblico nelle conurbazioni di fondovalle. Ambiti e prospettive progettuali https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11398 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The paper deals with the critical issues concerning the public spaces and linear settlements located in the Alpine valley floors. The development of modern urbanisation caused spatial and relational impacts increasing the demand for the right to the city and nature expressed by the inhabitants of the Alpine suburbs. Therefore, the paper identifies possible project areas for establishing a new system of public and collective spaces, as already tested through the mentioned case studies concerning the different contexts. These selected spaces are widespread in heterogeneous mountain landscapes and constitute design opportunities at different elevations to restore territorial quality and identity and reconnect the interrupted or incomplete relationships. They could compose a new public, collective, and open spaces system to be developed as a real landscape regeneration project made of places, relationships, and identities.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Silvia Restelli, Viviana di Martino Copyright (c) 2021 Silvia Restelli, Viviana di Martino https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11398 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effimero e temporaneo: forme e linguaggi dello spazio pubblico nell’era dell’informazione https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11440 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In contemporary cities, closure and individualism predominate at the expense of ‘mixing’ and inclusion. By structuring the territories around the principles of speed and globalization, the Net has generated ‘weak links’ of social interaction that are reflected in a public space devoid of identity, used quickly and in solitude, dominated by the fear of the difference and by indifference. In opposition to these dynamics, the importance of collaboration emerges, the central value of an open city in which technology and society become resources to reconcile global and local, individual and community. In this direction, at the scale of public space, the collaborative actions of urban events and the bottom-up practices work on the immaterial component of the project: co-design processes guide the interventions of citizens, collectives and associations in the rediscovery of identity values, cultural meanings and emotions associated with places. The public space becomes a place of interaction and meeting again, experiencing a new culture of living through ‘fixed-time architecture’ which, while meeting the needs of the moment, imagine change. Ephemeral and temporary re-signify ordinary landscapes through collective creativity and direct action on places and, if on the one hand they express the acceleration of our era, on the other they become forms and languages of a project that, in an ecological vision, fits with the rhythms of nature, where everything changes and evolves to contribute to life.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Antonia Di Lauro Copyright (c) 2021 Antonia Di Lauro https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11440 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 17:55:27 +0000 Abitare un ‘immaginario’ condiviso. Forme e pratiche collettive di riappropriazione degli spazi urbani https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11393 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The invisible systems that govern the space and transform the city raise reflections and foundational questions about the project, understood not only as a mere sequence of actions, but as the main field that is created between actions, spaces and people. The urban project is located within the social fabric, in the folds of the city, in times and spaces that involve users, administrators, informal groups and associations. The space has been double investigated: from a physical point of view and from a functional perspective, but without forgetting the catalytic action of collective activities and practices of which it is intrinsically bearer. The mapping of the collective spaces and the network of the existing active mobility has been associated with the reflection proposed by the #tuttamialacittà project. Both researches have been carried out in the Veneto region and in particular in the metropolitan city of Venice, and are interconnected with the invisible, where the need to interact with the indeterminacy and ambiguity of the space is tangible, in its many and possible interpretations.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Nicolò Fattori , Elena Orsanelli, Sofia Sacchini Copyright (c) 2021 Nicolò Fattori , Elena Orsanelli, Sofia Sacchini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11393 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Network Trials https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11433 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>A research carried out within the Department of Architectural Design of the University of Florence offers the opportunity to examine, thanks to the design practice exercised on a case study, some theoretical assumptions about the city matured by a part of architectural culture since the second half of last century and perhaps still poorly explored. At the basis of these theories, the break of disciplinary autonomy in the conception of public space is clear: architecture opens up to content from other disciplines in an attempt to recover the identity of places and that sense of appropriation of collective space by citizens. The disciplinary heteronomy is a difficult road but however it seems to be necessary in the attempt to resolve the conflicts inherent in the contemporary city plagued by increasingly marked separations. Limits, separations and degradation are phenomena that are often self-feeding and which space, if not the public one, could be the bearer of those values and solutions able to subvert the state of things?</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Emiliano Romagnoli Copyright (c) 2021 Emiliano Romagnoli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11433 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COMMONS IN MARGINAL LANDSCAPES. Collective practices for an alternative narrative and use of common spatial resources in peripheral landscapes https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11412 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This contribution aims to describe commons practices in marginal landscapes from the perspective of the design disciplines – landscape and urban design and architecture – as special collective forms of transfer of tangible and intangible values. Case studies in the Alps and Apennine context support the analysis. Specifically the paper investigates the role of commons to explore how these practices in urban and rural areas can be different for their relational capacity and strength, but are also complementary in enabling forms of inclusive habitat. Commons in marginal landscapes are examined through the lens of landscape design and space transformation to detect structural challenges and dynamics but also to propose an alternative narrative. These places need the innovative potential of commons to steer a necessary upgrade in the management and use of material and immaterial resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Maddalena Ferretti, Sara Favargiotti Copyright (c) 2021 Maddalena Ferretti, Sara Favargiotti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11412 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Common steps. A prototype for urban landscape regeneration https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11438 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The research concentrates on the difficulties of defining a city by the dichotomy of public and private spaces, as these categories are often ambiguous in terms of use of space, land property and limits. These urban phenomena of uncertainty have been significantly increased after the drastic switch from socialism to privatization in the post-Soviet countries, afterwards resulting as a spontaneous and uncontrolled urban tissue.<br>The study focuses on the capital of Georgia, Tbilisi, where, by developing site-specific projects for the neglected urban fragments, finds the opportunity to reflect on the role of public space in the contemporary city. The contradictions of a post-Soviet city demonstrate the difficulties to operate with large scale actions. However, it still suggests the possibility to modify the urban condition through punctual interventions. The architectural proposal has been developed in the frameworks of Tbilisi Architecture Biennial 2020 on the topic of Commonness.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Salome Katamadze, Duccio Fantoni Copyright (c) 2021 Salome Katamadze, Duccio Fantoni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11438 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 18:18:42 +0000 Designing the urban commons through gender and nature-based approach. A renewed project for public space in times of crisis https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11426 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The design of the contemporary public space can include the new needs of society, incorporating the values of the current era. The contribution aims to present the possibility of a transversal approach, in which the ideals of an ecological and fair society are integrated into space and in its design phases.<br>This method is revealed through the use of nature-based solutions and gender-sensitive approach, applied within urban regeneration processes of marginal areas, considered fertile contexts, in which there is an overlap of environmental problems linked to climate change and gender inequalities. The article will display the application of the aforementioned strategies through the presentation of two case studies, in which the project is not subordinated to the production of the form but rather intertwines ethical and aesthetic values in the construction of common space.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Kevin Santus, Arianna Scaioli Copyright (c) 2021 Kevin Santus, Arianna Scaioli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11426 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 18:21:52 +0000 Re-think the ex-ILVA landscape. Bagnoli’s public park, Naples 2021 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11428 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Since public space is usually associated with flexible open structures, this article looks into the transformation of the closed ex-ILVA grounds, as public green sphere, to underline emotional components in leftovers and urban policies, that add insights to the contemporary debate about environmental and social achievements of public spaces.<br>The re-thinking of contaminated post-industrial landscapes as participatory places is not only a change in process, quality and meaning, but also a microclimatic amelioration by reducing urban heat intensification, proving to have increasing effects on human health and well-being. Emotional compontents about community identity, saftey and history are examined.<br>How should a public urban park be designed by low initial and maintenance costs, supporting daily frequencies of citizens and health in mind and body, is the research question. More specific, how can contaminated sites be transfered into a healthy, sustainable and socially controlled public park, which idealy generates income, added value and increases life quality, respecting life expertancy, mortality rates and social well-being.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Iris Dupper, Tilman Latz Copyright (c) 2021 Iris Dupper, Tilman Latz https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11428 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 18:24:52 +0000 Defensive landscape architecture in modern public spaces https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11421 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>By 2030, we should have universal access to safe, inclusive, and accessible green and public places, especially for women and children, the elderly, and people with disabilities, according to the Sustainable Development Goals. However, the increasing privatisation of land and gentrification of the urban landscape is putting a limit on the amount of public space available for people to express themselves and use the city as they desire. This paper investigates and reviews the literature on defensive architecture, as well as its historical foundations, definitions, implementation, and reason for existence. The findings provide a clear reflection on the growing awareness of extreme defensive landscape architecture typologies such as spikes and other aggressive measures. Finally, the paper offers worldwide best-practice examples and recommendations for ensuring inclusion and safety in public spaces. We argue that in order to design sustainable public spaces, a holistic approach that considers both intangible values and social inclusion is required.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Chris Binnington, Alessio Russo Copyright (c) 2021 Chris Binnington, Alessio Russo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/11421 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 18:27:35 +0000 A conversation on the intangible with Juan Manuel Palerm https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12452 <p>no abstract</p> Paolo Picchi Copyright (c) 2021 Paolo Picchi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12452 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 18:29:30 +0000 Città diverse https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12381 Gabriele Paolinelli Copyright (c) 2021 Gabriele Paolinelli https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12381 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 18:36:23 +0000 International Biennial of Landscape Architecture of Barcelona. A COVID-19 adapted 11th Edition https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12442 Marina Cervera, Josep Mercadé Copyright (c) 2021 Marina Cervera, Josep Mercadé https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/ri-vista/article/view/12442 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000