Rivista Italiana di Educazione Familiare 2022-02-15T15:38:28+00:00 Clara Silva Open Journal Systems <div> <p>The&nbsp;<strong>Italian Journal of Family Education</strong>&nbsp;(Rivista Italiana di Educazione Familiare –&nbsp;<strong>RIEF)</strong>&nbsp;is an “A-level” (in the Italian system, “Fascia A”) publication, which includes –national, and international – original papers peer-reviewed, on the subjects of family education, and parenting support. These topics are addressed in a pedagogical key, both theoretical and empirical, according to an interdisciplinary perspective, paying attention to the challenges of contemporary life, but also to the historical dimension of the educational processes, linked to the domain of the family.</p> <p>Founded in 2006, RIEF is a six-monthly international scientific journal, open-source, and it is one of the bodies supporting&nbsp;<strong>AIFREF</strong>&nbsp;international association. In this framework, RIEF accepts papers that originate from research of an academic slant in the field of parenting support, as well as contributions developed in synergy with local services. In fact, the journal is addressed not only to academics, lecturers, and researchers, but also to education and social-health professionals, teachers, and families themselves, having as goal the construction of a renewed, polychrome, and complex knowledge of parenting, and of the different pedagogical models and contexts of “being a family” today.</p> <p>RIEF accepts papers written in the following languages: Italian, English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese.</p> </div> Il ruolo delle madri nella prevenzione della radicalizzazione dei giovani. Prospettive internazionali di ricerca educativa 2022-01-03T12:19:08+00:00 Raffaella Biagioli José Gonzalez-Monteagudo Clara Silva <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-23T12:35:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Raffaella Biagioli, José Gonzalez-Monteagudo, Clara Silva La donna in Africa e il suo ruolo educativo in seno alla famiglia: un possibile baluardo contro la radicalizzazione dei più giovani? Il caso della regione sahelo-sahariana 2022-01-03T12:19:54+00:00 Elisa Pelizzari <p>Starting from the relationship, conjugated to the feminine, “family education-prevention of youth radicalism” and based on the research I have been conducting for ten years in countries such as Mali, Senegal and the Republic of Guinea, I intend to proceed with a speech of an anthropological nature with the aim of offering some paths of comparison for those who work at a pedagogical level, within realities marked by cultural hybridization and immigration.</p> 2021-12-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Elisa Pelizzari From Radicals to Community Builders: Reframing the Roles of Women through Design Thinking 2022-01-03T12:19:44+00:00 Patricia Huion Handan Sayer Raquel Pinto-Bello Gomez <p>In this paper, we problematise the concept of radicalisation, more in particular female radicalisation. First, we define radicalisation, differentiate between the types of radicalisation, and how it is enabled through both societal and personal factors and discuss gender-specific drivers through a literature review. Next, we discuss our methodology combining wicked problems and design thinking.<br>This methodology allows us to tap into the tacit knowledge of the grass-root change agents organising arts-based activities to prevent female radicalisation. It facilitates uncovering and working with blind spots within the arts-based activities and the training sessions held within the “CommUnity Project” (Horizon 2020, n. 871056). In our final critical reflection, we discuss the urgency of working with these unknown female radicalised roles as these societal blind spots enable radicalism.</p> 2021-12-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Patricia Huion, Handan Sayer, Raquel Pinto-Bello Gomez Not All Migrant Men Embrace Toxic Masculinity, Do They? 2022-01-03T12:18:55+00:00 Patricia Huion Muhammet Hakan Ayçiçek <p>Gender identities and roles have changed over time and have reached their present meanings. In addition, the expectations and acceptance of different cultures have caused these roles to show various developments. Finally, the increase in immigration to Europe has forced these young people who grew up in other cultures and their families to learn to live in a new culture and mandatory adaptation of two cultures. The biggest problem with mixing in a new culture was that the male trait, defined as toxic masculinity and taught as a power in eastern cultures, was not accepted in this new culture. Toxic masculinity is a man proving his existence to his gender, other genders, and entire social environment through anger, destructiveness, and pressure. “CommUnity” Project aims to bring together the young people of these different cultures with art-based design thinking activities. Those will help them get to know, understand, and adapt to each other in a peaceful environment where they can discuss the problem solutions openly and do art activities together.<br>The main expectation is that the young people who have changed with these works will influence their environment and lead to a shared society that does not experience unnecessary violence and radicalism and lives in harmony.</p> 2021-12-23T14:46:03+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Patricia Huion, Muhammet Hakan Ayçiçek Né vittime, né carnefici. Cittadine. Un’analisi pedagogica dei ruoli delle madri nei percorsi di prevenzione alla radicalizzazione violenta e al terrorismo 2022-01-03T12:18:49+00:00 Lisa Brambilla <p>Phenomenologies of Islamic terrorism, changing processes of radicalization to violence, and the suicide terrorist attacks perpetrated in many European countries, together constitute a complex educational topic. A topic that defies simplistic readings whereby the drawing of sharp boundaries between ‘us’ and ‘them’, or civilization and barbarism, organizes and reproduces morally reassuring analyses that relieve us of the duty to more thoroughly explore causes and areas of co-responsibility. A combination of pedagogical and gender based analysis can significantly contribute to advancing our knowledge of these phenomena and the related representations, deconstruct the processes underlying them, and inform the design of preventive interventions. More specifically, this article assesses the limitations and risks surrounding women’s role in prevention, also indicating ways in which the positive potential of this role may be explored; it is crucial to avoid re-essentializing the maternal and feminine, while supporting full recognition of women’s status as active and critical citizens&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-23T14:50:22+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lisa Brambilla Preventing Marginalization and Radicalization through Theatre and the Expressive Arts: Empowering Intercultural Dialogue 2022-01-03T12:18:44+00:00 Francesco Pipparelli <p>Marginalization, radicalization, and encountering the Other are undoubtedly some of the topics on top of the agenda for social growth in our society. The roles that women, in general, and mothers, in particular, can play in prevention and inclusion strategies are certainly of great importance for an approach that goes beyond a simple intervention on effects, working on causes and facilitating intercultural dialogue. theatre and art have always been used as forms of storytelling, to generate emotions and make the audience identify with the stories they hear or watch. For this reason, in the field of methodologies and tools for the inclusion of people and the prevention of marginalization, over time excellent examples of the application of artistic approaches to facilitate the processes of growth and empowerment have emerged. Theatre and story-telling workshops, especially those for migrant women, represent good cases of facilitating the process of discovering and defining one’s own identity in a healthy way. This represents the basis for a path of integration through art,<br>giving awareness and inclusion to participants and at the same time making them “ambassadors” of the intercultural dialogue.</p> 2021-12-23T14:54:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Francesco Pipparelli Prospettive teoriche per prevenire i processi di micro-radicalizzazione. Il ruolo della famiglia e dei contesti parentali 2022-01-03T12:18:38+00:00 Claudio Melacarne <p>The first part of the article is focused on the analysis of the theoretical framework on radicalization phenomena, describing how the scientific debate has only recently considered research that have focused on the phenomena of micro-radicalization and radicalization in everyday life. The second and last part of this contribution describes how the family and parental system can become, at various levels, a promising context for preventing the phenomena of radicalization and violent radicalization (P/CVE). In the conclusion, the paper uses national and international literature for defining possible levels of educational intervention in collaboration with families.</p> 2021-12-23T14:58:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Claudio Melacarne Conflict capability e mediazione: un approccio preventivo alla radicalizzazione e ai comportamenti antisociali in contesti familiari e microsociali 2022-01-03T12:18:32+00:00 Anja Corinne Baukloh <p><span lang="IT">Understanding conflict dynamics among individuals and within society, and devising appropriate intervention strategies offer a relevant perspective for the prevention of radicalization processes. The article outlines an overview of some concrete instruments of analysis and intervention in microsocial conflicts, with special reference to family. We choose as a starting point the notion of “conflict capability”, the ability of human beings of appropriately handling conflict.<br>The model presented here is based on a systemic understanding of social conflict and a transformative approach to foster human capabilities, and specifically women, of dealing with conflict. Friedrich Glasl’s “escalation model” offers a solid foundation in order to define conflict dynamics which is crucial for devising appropriate, context-specific interventions. For the family and microsocial context, we propose as intervention tools empathic communication and “problem solving without losers” proposed by Thomas Gordon, as well as a “systemic transformative” approach to mediation. The article also reflects on the importance of conflict capability in order to reinforce the practice of democracy, building on the contribution of authors such as Chantal Mouffe and Axel Honneth.</span></p> 2021-12-23T15:02:29+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anja Corinne Baukloh Pratiche di interculturalismo quotidiano. Etnografia di un condominio multietnico 2022-01-03T12:18:28+00:00 Loretta Fabbri Francesca Bracci <p>This paper explores the processes of construction of difference in the materiality of a space of daily interculturalism, through the analysis of the interactions characterizing the life of a multiethnic condominium, which is located in the historic center of Arezzo (Tuscany, Italy). An ethnographic study was conducted which – entering the wider movement of post-qualitative methodologies – incorporated in the analysis process our experiences and personal interpretations, since directly involved and participating in the reality observed as residents in the housing complex. Our interest is aimed at studying the practical use of difference in everyday life, analyzing a condominium as effective space of multiethnic coexistence where matter, subjects, spaces, categories, and geographies are articulated along a continuum of sense and experience, which has found a learning laboratory in the building and its “practices of living”.</p> 2021-12-23T15:05:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Loretta Fabbri, Francesca Bracci Prevenire la radicalizzazione e i comportamenti antisociali. Madri e bambini nei non-luoghi dell’educabilità 2022-01-03T12:18:22+00:00 Raffaella Biagioli <p>In the intersection with other dimensions such as ethnic, religious and social, the gender difference leads to dwell on aspects often neglected and to bring out the role of mothers in places of confinement that, together with their children, represent a population at risk for the difficulties inherent in the condition of restriction. The research is interested in understanding a mother-child relationship highly disturbed by some risk factors and the educational actions to be activated in the daily life of penitentiary institutions to support and accompany these women towards autonomy, to offer them possibilities of social inclusion and avoid marginalization that in the future could lead their children to seek radicalized insertion within groups.</p> 2021-12-23T15:09:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Raffaella Biagioli Donne immigrate, estremismi e radicalizzazione. Tra rischio di vulnerabilità e opportunità di divenire costruttrici di comunità 2022-01-03T12:18:18+00:00 Valentina Guerrini <p>This paper addresses the complex issue of extremism and radicalization from the perspective of gender difference and, in particular, the female gender. In fact, these issues are mostly associated with the male gender and there are still few studies, especially in the national context, on female forms of radicalization. The first studies and reports at European level highlight an increasing participation of women in terrorist organizations in recent years and the strong presence of forms of discrimination and sexist stereotypes within the organizations themselves. However, sometimes joining a terrorist organization can represent for women, especially initially, a way to feel autonomous and be able to redeem themselves from a situation of pressure, discrimination and violence suffered. Particular attention is devoted to young people and Muslim women because they are more at risk of discrimination and social exclusion and to the role of immigrant mothers as mediators of two cultures and facilitators in the process of social inclusion of younger generations, especially if supported by policies and educational models based on inclusion, recognition of difference as a value, acceptance of the other, dialogue, and respect. In this regard, the contribution presents the results of a research conducted among secondary school students to investigate the dynamics of inclusion among peers and critical issues related to the adolescent period.</p> 2021-12-23T15:11:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Valentina Guerrini Prevenire i comportamenti antisociali e la radicalizzazione dei giovani attraverso Internet. L’esperienza del Progetto europeo “DIVE IN” 2022-01-03T12:19:35+00:00 Maria Grazia Proli <p>The paper reflects on the importance of preventing antisocial behavior and radicalization in young people, understanding the signs of extremism and how to interpret them in an attempt to determine how to counter these phenomena spread through the Internet and social media. In this perspective, as recommended in some documents issued by the European Institutions, we highlight the need to strengthen the specific skills of education professionals needed to be able to detect potentially dangerous behavior in young people and prevent and combat radicalization. In this context, the European project “DIVE IN – Preventing violent radicalisation among young individuals in Europe by innovative training approaches” 2019-2021, is presented, aimed at the prevention of violent radicalisation in young people through the implementation of a blended learning training course addressed to teachers, educators, social workers.</p> 2021-12-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Maria Grazia Proli Transizione ecologica e nuove generazioni: il ruolo della famiglia nella promozione della sostenibilità in un’ottica inclusiva e interculturale 2022-01-03T12:19:16+00:00 Giada Prisco <p>Starting from a reflection on the emergencies caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, the article analyzes the role of the sustainability in education, based on the international recommendations and documents in this sense. Today more than ever it makes it necessary to live our common good world, promoting an ecological transition towards more inclusive, democratic and resilient communities.<br>To achieve such a condition, it is necessary to invest in the training of future citizens. The family, as an educational agency, is called in this sense to support the new generations in the acquisition of a sustainability mindset and a planetary awareness that can help them interact in a conscious, responsible and reflective way in the current global world.</p> 2021-12-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Giada Prisco Theatrical Scrawls. The Aesthetic Creations of Young Girls and Young Boys Scribble the Scene 2022-02-15T15:38:28+00:00 Flávio Santiago Ana Lúcia Goulart de Faria <p>The paper discusses the purpose of early childhood theater, as a possibility to establish horizontal relationships between children and adults. The article thus explores the potential solutions offered by the aesthetic movement of the arts, in the creation of “theatrical scribbles” by tiny young children. In this paper, it is highlighted the training work carried out by the theater Company “La Baracca” together with Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) educators from Bologna, Italy. Much emphasis it is also given to how imaginative approaches through arts are proposed, thus shaping new ways of being an educator, without making use of formal teaching methods.</p> 2021-12-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Flávio Santiago, Ana Lúcia Goulart de Faria Distance Education and Parental Role, in Italy. Evidence-Based Reflections from an International Survey, after the First Lockdown 2022-01-03T12:20:08+00:00 Sara Mori Silvia Panzavolta Alessia Rosa <p>This paper presents the analysis of the data from the International Covid-19 Impact on Parental Engagement Study (ICIPES) 2020, an international survey investigating the ways in which parents and caregivers were able to build capacity to engage with children’s learning during the period of social distancing arising from the global Covid-19 pandemic. The survey was coordinated by the University of Bath and involved 23 partner countries, among which the “IUL- Italian University Line” representing Italy. The domains investigated were parental engagement; school support for parents and children; home-schooling and family life balance, and confidence in the use of technology. The pandemic has shown several obstacles that families had to face daily in their attempt to educate their children, especially in a period where no previous models could be taken as a reference point. Therefore, it represents a unique historical opportunity for researchers and policymakers to understand all the lessons learnt from this global emergency and work closely with families, to support them in<br>engaging with children’s learning. The Authors of this contributions, as well as the other partners worldwide, believe that school-family relations are far from being collaborative and supportive, especially in certain age levels, and that much needs to be done to co-design learning opportunities bearing in mind a more ecological vision, with formal, informal and non-formal learning occasions be intertwined and interconnected. In sight of the abovementioned framework, the analysis shown in this paper focuses on the Italian data set.</p> 2021-12-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Sara Mori, Silvia Panzavolta, Alessia Rosa Vécu de familles monoparentales avec jeunes enfants durant le premier confinement lié à la COVID-19 en France 2022-01-10T09:41:38+00:00 Alice Moscaritolo Anne Dupuy Pierre Ratinaud Chantal Zaouche Gaudron <p>En France, comme dans de nombreux pays, les mesures imposées lors de la pandémie de COVID-19 ont bouleversé le vécu des familles. Parmi elles, le vécu des familles monoparentales avec jeunes enfants semble singulier. L’article réside dans l’analyse des réponses à un questionnaire en ligne diffusé pendant le premier confinement, auquel certains de ces foyers se sont soumis, en mettant en perspective le vécu exprimé et les conditions de vie. Les données confirment une situation de plus grande fragilité de ces familles comparativement aux autres de l’enquête en révélant une distribution inégale des conséquences du confinement au regard des niveaux d’étude, de ressources et de conditions de logement. Pour les parents “solo”, principalement des mères, la charge affective, éducative et de soins accrue s’est heurtée aux pressions ressenties concernant la façon de s’occuper de ses enfants, ainsi qu’à des perceptions moins satisfaisantes de l’exercice du rôle parental. Pour autant, la plupart des relations parent-enfant se sont renforcées. L’investissement de mesures de protection hors gestes barrière témoigne d’une sensibilité accrue face à la maladie. Le peu de mention faite de l’entourage social est particulièrement flagrant.</p> 2021-12-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Alice Moscaritolo, Anne Dupuy, Pierre Ratinaud, Chantal Zaouche Gaudron