Storia delle Donne 2022-07-27T13:35:03+00:00 Dinora Corsi Open Journal Systems <p><em><strong>Storia delle donne</strong>&nbsp;</em>[Women’s History] is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal published annually. Each issue is devoted to a theme that is particularly relevant to contemporary women and is re-examined within different cultures and societies often far removed in time and space.</p> <p>The aim of each monographic issue is to trace back women’s individual and collective itineraries analysing&nbsp;&nbsp;their material and symbolic worlds against the backdrop of various&nbsp;geographic, socio-political, cultural and religious&nbsp;&nbsp;contexts.&nbsp;<em>Storia delle donne&nbsp;</em>is set out in two sections –&nbsp;<em>Passato&nbsp;</em>[Past] and&nbsp;<em>Presente&nbsp;</em>[Present] – in order to achieve continuity and discontinuity within a political perspective that takes gender studies into account, and is always sensitive to collective values.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p align="justify">La rivista <strong>Storia delle Donne</strong> nasce dalla collaborazione di studiose specialiste di epoche e discipline diverse –formate in scuole di varie università italiane– e si propone come pubblicazione ad alto contenuto scientifico. <strong>SdD</strong> ha periodicità annuale, i numeri sono tematici in ragione della scelta redazionale di presentare ciascun fascicolo come un <em>unicum</em> perché meglio siano colte, messe a fuoco e sviluppate l’evidenza e l’importanza dell’argomento proposto. La sezione «Oltre il tema» ospita articoli non attinenti al tema del monografico. L’idea che è a fondamento del progetto <strong>SdD</strong> guarda al nesso tra storia e politica delle donne, ma accorda priorità a quello fra storia e politiche per le donne e con le donne; questa è una delle ragioni per cui la scelta del tema dei fascicoli è dettata dai processi in atto e dalle urgenze che la contemporaneità propone. Il tema viene sviluppato nella sezione «Presente» da contributi che lo illustrano con incroci di approccio e metodo volutamente pluridisciplinari, senza che questo identifichi <strong>SdD</strong> con l’interdisciplinarietà degli <em>Women’s Studies</em>. Nella sezione «Passato» i saggi restituiscono lo spessore storico e diacronico nella <em>longue durée</em> che si snoda dalle civiltà antiche fino al Novecento. Molto accentuata la proiezione internazionale della rivista, sia nei temi che nelle autrici e autori, gli articoli sono quindi pubblicati in diverse lingue: altre all’italiano naturalmente, anche in francese, inglese, spagnolo, portoghese.</p> <p align="justify">Tutti i testi pubblicati in <strong>SdD</strong> sono valutati, secondo le modalità del doppio cieco (<em>double blind peer review</em>), da due referees individuati nell’ambito di un’ampia cerchia di specialiste e specialisti.</p> Editoriale 2022-07-27T13:35:03+00:00 Isabella Gagliardi <p>.</p> 2022-07-26T16:18:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Isabella Gagliardi Oltre l’insostenibile e impuro peso dell’essere. Una riflessione psicoanalitica sull’anoressia 2022-07-27T13:35:00+00:00 Marco Francesconi Daniela Scotto di Fasano <p class="p1">Anorexia, within the spectrum of eating disorders, testifies to an altered relationship between the subject and eating and goes beyond the transitory nature of the manifestations by entering the pathological. The apparent ideal of an ascetic body transcends in a clear alteration of the examination of reality. The text therefore focuses on the psychological difference between need and desire, without forgetting the social weight of the tendency to see bodies as showcases. Visibility and body consistency, combined with feelings of guilt and shame, are enhanced by the emphasis placed on “food as a showcase”. Food production and consumption fluctuate intensely between equating appetite with a crime, with the relative sense of guilt and contamination, and an excessive and perverse orgiastic dimension of abuse and enjoyment. Eating disorders, while remaining symptoms or illnesses, also become the expression of imaginative relationships that are symbolically impoverished. The fundamental hunger for truth, which nourishes the mind, then becomes hunger, shared or rejected, adhering to the material object, to food, in the overwhelming dominance of concrete thought.</p> 2022-07-26T16:19:06+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marco Francesconi, Daniela Scotto di Fasano Donne e spazi sacri in Giappone: culto e miniature del Fuji a Edo 2022-07-27T13:34:58+00:00 Rosa Caroli <p class="p1">The custom of prohibiting women access to sacred sites (<em>nyonin kekkai</em>) goes back to the ninth century Japan, when female exclusion was first adopted in a Buddhist temple on Mt. Hiei, near the imperial capital Kyōto. It was later extended to most of the sacred mountains, paralleling the association between impurity and blood of parturition and menstruation. Criticism of <em>nyonin kekkai</em> developed within the cult of Mt. Fuji which proliferated in and around Edo, the seat of <em>sh</em>ō<em>gun</em>’s government between 1603 and 1867. Here, miniature Fuji replicas (<em>Fujizuka</em>) that could be climbed by both men and women started to be built from the second half of the eighteenth century, while more and more women pilgrimaged to the real mountain, secretly trying to cross the border of the forbidden area and even to climb to its summit. Indeed, <em>nyonin kekkai</em> in Mt. Fuji dissolved about a decade before the new Meiji government formally abolished it in 1872. Nevertheless, the custom of banning women from sacred sites was not completely eradicated, nor were the ideas of women’s pollution&nbsp;and impurity overcome in modern Japan.</p> 2022-07-26T16:20:47+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rosa Caroli Female blood ties: ideas on menstruation and female initiation rites in the context of purity in Zambia 2022-07-27T13:34:57+00:00 Thera Rasing <p class="p1">Most anthropological literature about ideas on menstruation claim that in many cultures menstruation is associated with impurity, pollution, contamination, fear and danger, and therefore menstruation is surrounded by a lot of taboos. In Zambia, too, menstruation is surrounded by taboos, as is taught during female initiation rites, which is the main institute in which girls learn about these issues. However, these ideas and taboos are not only associated with concepts of impurity or contamination, but merely with inclusion as “pure” or “real” women. This is both on a bodily and sociological level. On a spiritual level, menstrual blood predominantly indicates relatedness to a spiritual and physical ancestral line, hence inclusion in the ancestral line as well as in an ethnic group. Today, in Zambia female initiation rites are disappearing rapidly due to western influences. This means that girls lack knowledge about menstruation that is culturally considered necessary for women which can only be given during initiation rites, while this also leads to social exclusion from the socially ‘pure’ or “real” women, and also leads to cultural disorder. This article will revise concepts of purity and cultural (dis)order, using ideas on female initiation rites and menstruation in Zambia. It will show that mixing western and Zambian concepts of purity and pollution may lead to cultural disorder.</p> 2022-07-26T16:21:24+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Thera Rasing Donne, purezze, disordini e dicotomie attraverso l’antropologia socioculturale 2022-07-27T13:34:56+00:00 Silvia Lelli <p class="p1">The essay proposes a critical discussion on the use of the <em>purity/impurity</em> dichotomy through a synthetic examination of the anthropological literature that has dealt with the subject, starting with Mary Douglas’ well-known works. The criticism concerns in particular the attribution of these qualities to women, and extends to the risks of logical, cognitive-linguistical, and practical reductionism inherent in the use of categorical dichotomies, starting from the all-encompassing binary macro-splitting <em>nature/culture</em>, widely used in the reference framework of Western naturalist ontology. The essay highlights the links between logical classifications and social hierarchies of sex/gender, that construct and reproduce concrete discriminations. It is argued that the dismissal of reductionist, biased and deterministic logics could lead to deeper understandings of complex, problematic or conflicting realities, facilitating the change towards more just sociocultural situations.</p> 2022-07-26T16:21:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Silvia Lelli Casta e pura: la visione della purezza per i millennials italiani di fede islamica 2022-07-27T13:34:54+00:00 Eleonora Pede <p class="p1">The aim of this paper is to analyse the concept of purity and virginity among the Muslim millennials in the West. Young Muslims in a European context address the issue of sexuality with their peers including those of a different faith, through common stories and anecdotes. On the other hand, their female counterparts grow up with the idea that they need to combine “respect with the lipstick”: that is to combine the Islamic values with their life as Western millennials. In order to understand their idea of purity, a sociological analysis on a sample of Muslim millennials has been carried out. This analysis made it possible to understand how Italian female Muslims live sexualities and gender inequalities.</p> 2022-07-26T16:22:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Eleonora Pede Purezza e verginità nella Grecia antica: un nesso problematico 2022-07-27T13:34:53+00:00 Valeria Andò <p class="p1">The contribution investigates the connection between the notion of purity and that of virginity in ancient Greece, which underlines the absolute asymmetry with respect to the value assumed in modern culture. In fact, Greek medicine seems to ignore the presence of the <em>membrana virginalis</em> in the female anatomy, and on the other hand, sexuality has no contaminating value except in the sacral-religious context. After having therefore clarified the notion of virginity, as a social condition and as a biological state, the sense of purity attributed to the unmarried girl is investigated, also through the lexical analysis of the reference adjectives. A conception emerges that is completely separated from moral choices, but which, together with concerns of a sociological nature, does not ignore the sexual sphere.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2022-07-26T16:23:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Valeria Andò Pureté et impureté des Vestales 2022-07-27T13:34:51+00:00 Diane Baudoin <p class="p1">This article deals with the Vestals, virgin priestesses consecrated to the goddess Vesta, and their purity and impurity. These virgins, endowed with a specific legal and religious status, carried out rites of purification of the city. Moreover, through their main mission, the maintenance of the sacred fire, they ensured the continuance of Rome. They represent the perfect example of Roman feminine virtues: chastity (<em>castitas</em>) and pudicity (<em>pudicitia</em>). So, these priestesses embodied both moral and religious purity. However, they can also symbolize impurity. Indeed, two crimes could be committed by the Vestal, fire-extinguishing and the most serious of them, the <em>incestum</em>, the loss of virginity. The Vestal then became impure: she had been corrupted (<em>corrupta</em>), polluted. The punishment of this crime was death and the context, in which it takes place, expresses the danger associated with this <em>incestum</em>. Thus, the aim of this paper is to emphasize the importance of the pure-impure dichotomy in the construction and representation of the cult of Vesta and especially of its priestesses.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2022-07-26T16:23:35+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Diane Baudoin La donna nel Medioevo, impura per antonomasia? 2022-07-27T13:34:49+00:00 Laurence Moulinier-Brogi <p class="p1">In the Middle Ages, woman often passes for a model of impurity, both physical for her cycle and moral as a daughter of Eve; Leviticus was full of prescriptions on the need to purify the body after the expulsion of bodily flows such as blood, during menstruation and after childbirth, or semen; males too, therefore, had to undergo prohibitions or purification rites, particularly, but not limited to, in Jewish culture. This article seeks to recall that not only women were seen as ontologically or cyclically impure: in view of their sexual activity, according to their condition or the Christian calendar, or their professional activity, certain men could be viewed as unclean. Finally, it is recalled that entire groups, such as Jewish men and women, lepers, or prostitutes, considered impure by medieval societies, were progressively segregated from the social body by the authorities.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2022-07-26T16:24:12+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Laurence Moulinier-Brogi