Storia delle Donne https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd <p><em><strong>Storia delle donne</strong>&nbsp;</em>[Women’s History] is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal published annually. Each issue is devoted to a theme that is particularly relevant to contemporary women and is re-examined within different cultures and societies often far removed in time and space.</p> <p>The aim of each monographic issue is to trace back women’s individual and collective itineraries analysing&nbsp;&nbsp;their material and symbolic worlds against the backdrop of various&nbsp;geographic, socio-political, cultural and religious&nbsp;&nbsp;contexts.&nbsp;<em>Storia delle donne&nbsp;</em>is set out in two sections –&nbsp;<em>Passato&nbsp;</em>[Past] and&nbsp;<em>Presente&nbsp;</em>[Present] – in order to achieve continuity and discontinuity within a political perspective that takes gender studies into account, and is always sensitive to collective values.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>La rivista&nbsp;<strong><em>Storia delle Donne</em></strong>&nbsp;nasce dalla collaborazione di studiose specialiste di epoche e discipline diverse – formate in scuole di varie università italiane – e si propone come pubblicazione ad alto contenuto scientifico.&nbsp;<em>SdD</em>&nbsp;ha periodicità annuale, i numeri sono tematici e quasi del tutto privi di rubriche in ragione della scelta redazionale di presentare ciascun fascicolo come un&nbsp;<em>unicum</em>&nbsp;perché meglio siano colte, messe a fuoco e sviluppate l’evidenza e l’importanza dell’argomento proposto.<br>L’idea che è a fondamento del progetto&nbsp;<em>SdD</em>&nbsp;guarda al nesso tra storia e politica&nbsp;<em>delle</em>&nbsp;donne, ma accorda priorità a quello fra storia e politiche&nbsp;<em>per le</em>&nbsp;donne e&nbsp;<em>con le</em>&nbsp;donne; questa è una delle ragioni per cui la scelta del tema dei fascicoli è dettata dai processi in atto e dalle urgenze che la contemporaneità propone.<br>Il tema viene sviluppato nella sezione «Presente» da contributi che lo illustrano con incroci di approccio e metodo volutamente pluridisciplinari, senza che questo identifichi&nbsp;<em>SdD</em>&nbsp;con l’interdisciplinarietà degli&nbsp;<em>Women’s Studies</em>. Nella sezione «Passato» i saggi restituiscono lo spessore storico e diacronico nella&nbsp;<em>longue durée</em>&nbsp;che si snoda dalle civiltà antiche fino al Novecento. È stata prevista anche una sezione intitolata «Oltre il tema» dove vengono ospitati gli articoli di taglio rigorosamente storico, ma eccentrici rispetto al tema del fascicolo.<br><em>SdD</em>&nbsp;riserva particolare attenzione alle ricerche di giovani studiose e studiosi. In tutte e due le sezioni potranno essere pubblicate parti di tesi di laurea o di tesi di dottorato ed anche studi da queste indipendenti.</p> <p>Tutti i testi pubblicati in SdD sono valutati, secondo le modalità del doppio cieco (<em>double blind peer review</em>), da due&nbsp;<em>referees</em>&nbsp;individuati nell'ambito di un'ampia cerchia di specialiste e specialisti.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Storia delle Donne 1826-7513 <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> Editoriale https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd/article/view/11459 <p>.</p> Sara Cabibbo Elisa Giunchi Copyright (c) 2020 Sara Cabibbo, Elisa Giunchi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 16 5 11 10.36253/sd-11459 Il terzo genere? Koṭhī, hijṛa, kinnar e donne trans alla ricerca di cittadinanza nell’India contemporanea https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd/article/view/11460 <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><em>Hij</em></span><span class="s2"><em>ṛ</em></span><span class="s1"><em>ā</em></span> communities from South Asia are often taken as an example of social acknowledgment of transgender in a ‘traditional’ context. Nevertheless, this exoticizing representation erases all distinctions among <span class="s1"><em>hij</em></span><span class="s2"><em>ṛ</em></span><span class="s1"><em>ā</em></span>, <em>kinnar</em>, <span class="s1"><em>ko</em></span><span class="s3"><em>ṭ</em></span><span class="s1"><em>hī</em></span>, third gender persons, transmen and transwomen, and other individuals whose gender identity does not conform to the man/woman binary. In this article, I will introduce the debate about identity construction of people that complicate the binary gender identity, within the framework of citizenship claims and homonationalism.</p> Alessandra Consolaro Copyright (c) 2020 Alessandra Consolaro https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 16 13 35 10.36253/sd-11460 «Come muovermi nel mio corpo da uomo»: il corpo maschile travestito nel teatro inglese, dai ragazzi attori a Caryl Churchill https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd/article/view/11461 <p class="p1">Among the many traditions of cross-dressing in performing practices, English Renaissance theatre plays a central symbolic role, especially considering the Shakespearean canon; however, only through the disruptive reading of gender and queer studies Shakespeare’s theatre has been studied as a transvestite theatre in which all female parts were played by boy actors. This article intends to show how this transvestite body opens a diachronic perspective on those theatrical practices of the second half of the twentieth century that rediscover the Elizabethan stage as a locus of artifice. Renaissance and twentieth-century theatre thus share the transvestite male body, not following a linear dynamic of model and imitation, but in a much more complex interweaving of echoes and returns. Through an analysis of two works by the playwright Caryl Churchill, <em>Cloud Nine</em> (1979) and <em>A Mouthful of Birds</em> (1986), the essay explores the transvestite male body as a place of dialogue between the Shakespearean and the contemporary scene, which share effeminacy -here understood as the staging of femininity on a male body- as a detonator for a wider crisis of binary categories.</p> Serena Guarracino Copyright (c) 2020 Serena Guarracino https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 16 37 53 10.36253/sd-11461 «Et io ne vidi uno in Napoli». Orientalismo e processi di patrimonializzazione dei femminielli napoletani https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd/article/view/11462 <p class="p1">In Naples, as in several other cities of the Campania region (Italy), the word <em>femminiello/femminella</em> “traditionally” refers to effeminate men who behave and act as women. In the last decade <em>femminielli/femminelle</em> were the subject of a true heritagization process, intended to enhace and capitalize their “ancient identity”, now considered on the verge of extinction. Nonetheless, still today, people who self-identify as <em>femminiello/femminella</em> embody an “old-fashioned way” ideal of femininity, sometimes claiming the specificity of their local identity, and distancing themselves from the LGBTQI+ representations and identities. Based on the data collected during a long term fieldwork in Campania, this essay focuses on the processes of production, reproduction and manipulation of the <em>femminielli/femminelle</em>’ identities. More specifically by crossing literature and field notes, I will propose an analysis of the interactions between an orientalist and colonial imaginary that “produces” the <em>femminiello/femminella</em> as otherness (southern) and the reversal that occurs with the distinctive claim of gender experiences embodied by people who still identify as <em>femminielli/femminelle</em>. How do these imaginaries interact? And what implicit stereotypes lurk in such representations?</p> Maria Carolina Vesce Copyright (c) 2020 Maria Carolina Vesce https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 16 55 73 10.36253/sd-11462 Ritratto dell’artista da effeminato. Agatone e Zambinella https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd/article/view/11463 <p class="p1">The essay starts from the figure of the poet-<em>gynnis</em>, Agatone, with whom Aristophanes opens the <em>Thesmophoriazusae</em>’s seemingly conventional plot, that heightened the men/women historically binary opposition in the Athenian polis. The elusive and metamorphic figure of the effeminate-asexual poet, who explicitly recalls an Aeschilean representation of Dionysus, the god of the theatre, strongly confirms the familiarity of Aristophanes with the Orphic-Dionysian sphere also attested in his masterpiece <em>The</em> <em>Birds</em> and in Plato’s <em>Symposium</em>. Aristophanes’ attention for the reasons of this line of thought, an alternative to the dominant thought in the city, has obvious implications of political and social criticism towards the historically established order and, at the same time, poses the topic of theatre and poetry. The <em>gynnis</em> is a poet’s ambiguous portrait and, in this particular comedy, it also questions the reasons and working of dramatization between mimesis and fantastic deformation.</p> Anna Beltrametti Copyright (c) 2020 Anna Beltrametti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 16 75 99 10.36253/sd-11463 «Sei troppo effemminato. / Di femmina son nato». Infrazione di codici e fluidità di genere in alcuni libretti d’opera del Seicento veneziano https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd/article/view/11465 <p class="p1">The fear that man, subjected to practices considered emasculating, could “regress” to the female state was culturally central in the early modern definition of the man-woman polarity. In this context, effeminacy was used as a stigma against practices to be banned or controlled and was among the main accusations raised by the religious controversy against the emerging professional theatre. Through the close reading of some librettos produced in Venice between 1641 and 1668, the essay aims to show how the authors appropriated some <em>tòpoi</em> of the antitheatrical controversy, building an artistic acrobatics in which love was seen as a “disease” capable of removing the hero’s virility and was observed within a practice (theatre, and especially opera) which was itself considered effeminate and emasculating. The essay revolves around a progressive intensification of ambiguities, transvestitisms and allusions, showing how the librettists of Venetian opera also attempted an investigation of gender codes at the textual level and pushed themselves to the limit beyond which the mechanism of censorship inevitably triggered.</p> Alessandro Melis Copyright (c) 2020 Alessandro Melis https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 16 101 124 10.36253/sd-11465 Achille tra le rose (negli anni di Napoleone). Femminilizzazione del guerriero nella Penthesilea di Heinrich von Kleist https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd/article/view/11466 <p class="p1">The hypothesis I advance in this article is that the character of Achilles in Heinrich von Kleist’s <em>Penthesilea</em> embodies the Object of desire of the female protagonist, the queen of the Amazons. By the word “Object”, I mean the interiorised and imaginary representation Penthesilea phantasises within herself about an otherwise unknown “thing” desired which finally takes the feminine features of a tender and harmless boy wearing crowns and garlands of roses, an “Achilles among the roses”, as it were – the word “rose” being both the anagram of “eros” and the emblem of the female sex. In the course of the analysis, I argue that this “mirage” of Penthesilea, the “thing desired”, is the projection of the “Thing itself”, maternal love, which, being unredeemedly lost to her, turns into a persecutory ghost. My understanding of von Kleist’s <em>Penthesilea </em>is not rooted in Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, but both in the historical and political context in which the tragedy of the queen of the Amazon was conceived and in the transcendental and idealistic philosophy of the Subject.</p> Massimo Stella Copyright (c) 2020 Massimo Stella https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 16 125 146 10.36253/sd-11466 Paggi, coppieri e imberbi: gli effeminati nella cultura persiana https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/sdd/article/view/11467 <p class="p1">Mentioned in the Qur’an and <span class="s1"><em>ḥadīṯs</em></span><em>, </em>described by Muslim treaties of medicine, and celebrated in the literature and visual arts, effeminates have a central place in Persianate culture, as indicated by the fact that Persian language has a rich vocabulary to define them. Poetry also abounds of aesthetic and erotic descriptions that turn effeminates into objects of desire, at time sublimating them with mystic fervour, at other times celebrating them more prosaically and physically. Through a diachronic approach, the essay places these figures in a theoretical, socio-cultural and artistic-literary perspective.</p> Anna Vanzan Copyright (c) 2020 Anna Vanzan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 16 147 160 10.36253/sd-11467