TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment 2022-11-11T15:11:02+00:00 Redazione Techne Open Journal Systems <p><em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">TECHNE</span></span></em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> , la rivista scientifica di SIT</span></span><em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">d</span></span></em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">A, la&nbsp; </span></span><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Società italiana di tecnologia architettonica</span></span></a><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> , soddisfa gli obiettivi della società lavorando, a livello nazionale e internazionale, per promuovere la conoscenza e i metodi e le tecniche della tecnologia architettonica, al fine di proteggere e migliorare l'uomo ambiente creato e per promuovere applicazioni innovative e confronti interdisciplinari. </span></span><br><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">La rivista pubblica articoli su ricerche e applicazioni innovative, nonché saggi e relazioni. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Gli autori lavorano nel mondo accademico e nelle strutture di ricerca nell'area della progettazione architettonica, dell'industria, delle attività imprenditoriali e delle organizzazioni clienti, pubbliche e private. </span></span><br><em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">TECHNE&nbsp;</span></span></em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">si rivolge a un mercato target interessato a discutere punti di vista rilevanti e critici e acquisire conoscenze utili per lo sviluppo di progetti attraverso un confronto di diversi approcci.</span></span></p> Urban renewal strategies for housing 2022-11-10T15:40:29+00:00 Mario Losasso 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mario Losasso Research and design for housing renovation 2022-11-11T14:57:46+00:00 Elena Mussinelli 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Elena Mussinelli Re-inhabiting the building stock: technical policies and design innovations 2022-11-10T15:41:41+00:00 Valeria D'Ambrosio Antonella Violano 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Valeria D'Ambrosio, Antonella Violano A new vision of living and living spaces in the RRP (Recovery and Resilience Plan) 2022-11-10T15:41:52+00:00 Adolfo F. L. Baratta 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Adolfo F. L. Baratta Residential building renovation market, new and old drivers for the construction sector 2022-11-10T15:41:31+00:00 Lorenzo Bellicini 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Lorenzo Bellicini Housing Innovation and the Toronto Model for Urbanism 2022-11-10T15:41:20+00:00 Luigi Ferrara 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Luigi Ferrara New horizons of the energy transition: challenges and opportunities for the building sector 2022-11-10T15:41:07+00:00 David Moser Laura Maturi 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 David Moser, Laura Maturi Reportage 2022-11-10T15:40:17+00:00 Francesca Thiébat 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Thiébat Pre-existence and prefabrication. Lacaton & Vassal: methodologies for social housing renovation 2022-11-10T15:50:41+00:00 Nicola Panzini Vito Quadrato <p class="p1"><span class="s1">«Our approach is to give more to do better. In France, between 2006 and 2015, 125,000 dwellings were demolished and 100,000 rebuilt. The cost of demolition and reconstruction of one dwelling amounted to 165,000 euros. Our alternative approach showed that it is possible to significantly transform a dwelling for the cost of 55,000 euros. Transformation means openness, extension, more space, more light, more freedom of use» (Lacaton, 2020). This article discusses the methodologies developed by<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>Lacaton &amp; Vassal for social housing in French suburbs and examines their “alternative approach” from a constructional and bioclimatic standpoint. Two emblematic cases are taken as an example: the transformation of the Bois-le-Prêtre in Paris and the renovation of three residential blocks in the Grand Parc of Bordeaux.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nicola Panzini, Vito Quadrato The ANIC neighbourhood in Pisticci. From company town to regenerative Hub for a necessary transition 2022-11-10T15:49:31+00:00 Mariangela Bellomo Antonella Falotico <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This contribution focusses on the critical reading of the A.N.I.C. (former National Hydrogenation Fuel Company) neighbourhood in Pisticci (Mt), a model of a working-class neighbourhood envisaged by Enrico Mattei in the 1960s. It is an interesting collective and spatial system that ‘breaks’ the traditional social structure of Lucania Materana. The ANIC, now almost completely abandoned, can be rethought in an ecosystemic vision as a regenerative microcosm that becomes a working method, a method that, starting from Pisticci, aims to reimagine the reasons for the development of an entire territory and give life to a project that is rooted in the great political challenges that contemporaneity is preparing to face.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mariangela Bellomo, Antonella Falotico Intervention strategies for renewed living ecologies. The Belgian experience 2022-11-10T15:49:45+00:00 Federico Orsini <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Demolition-reconstruction interventions and deep renovation interventions are the main strategies implemented with the aim of adapting the existing residential heritage. In particular, the deep renovation interventions are at the centre of a cultural debate, as evidenced by the research carried out on large modernist peripheral settlements. In this context, it is interesting to investigate how this approach can be applied to those historic urban tissues and smaller centres that strongly characterise the Italian and European territory. Starting from the analysis of several case studies identified in the Belgian context, the work codifies archetypes of intervention on technological units and analyses their limits and potential of application to the Italian context with the aim of opening a debate between conservation approaches and adaptation approaches.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Federico Orsini Building the “Earth City”. A vision for the suburbs in Reggio Calabria 2022-11-10T15:43:03+00:00 Marina Tornatora Maria Lorenza Crupi <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The state of decay of the Italian social housing heritage built in the second half of the 20th century calls for a reflection on the prospects of contemporary housing. After a rapid examination of some pivotal regeneration interventions developed in the European context, two suburban districts of the city of Reggio Calabria, Archi CEEP and Arghillà, are taken as emblematic case studies. Here, a design hypothesis is proposed for them: following a reinterpretation of some modern and contemporary theories on the city, this proposal brings the attention back to the land, based on the idea of an expanded house that welcomes the landscape, ,that is, an “earth city”, a formal unity of city and countryside, city and nature, which outlines a possible research perspective on the theme of living in a new urbanity.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rosa Marina Tornatora, Maria Lorenza Crupi Domestic Commons in Mumbai and Auroville 2022-11-10T15:50:07+00:00 Giulia Setti <p class="p1"><span class="s1">India is a significant contemporary design laboratory for collective housing models in terms of both the construction of housing that experiments with new building materials and technologies and the design of flexible housing in informal contexts. Starting with a historical review of housing models created by B.V. Doshi and Charles Correa in the mid-1900s, this paper compares recent collective housing projects designed by Anupama Kundoo and Bijoy Jain (Studio Mumbai) in Auroville and Mumbai. The chosen projects explore new prototypes for housing and demonstrate the ability to respond in an original way to the growing challenges linked to environmental and social sustainability, opening up to new typological and technological experimentation.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Giulia Setti Designing value creation. Towards a transformation of peripheral neighbourhoods 2022-11-10T15:49:50+00:00 Caterina Quaglio Elena Todella Isabella Lami <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This article proposes an integration of methods and sources from the field of architectural design, on the one hand, and evaluation disciplines, on the other. By analysing some emerging trends in the residential demand, highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic but referable to phenomena characterised by much longer trajectories, the research aims to highlight certain criticalities and shortcomings in the current design and evaluation practices and to shed new light on the potential value of spaces that are typically underused – and underestimated – but highly transformable. The text thus introduces a critical-methodological reflection, which offers a new perspective for the study of neighbourhoods characterised by a high level of “peripheralisation”.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Caterina Quaglio, Elena Todella, Isabella Lami Reinhabiting villages: the residential heritage of small towns between evaluation and prospects 2022-11-10T15:42:03+00:00 Marina D'Aprile <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Small Italian villages, despite their significant variety , share the abundance of precious natural and cultural assets, the poor accessibility and the polycentrism that, historically, qualifies their settlements and a potential development process focused on the combination of innovation and tradition i.e. on the conservation and enhancement of their heritages. Scholars from different backgrounds have recently been emphasising the need to adopt integrated revitalisation policies in this regard, highlighting the role historic fabrics assume in their relationships – past, present and future – with contexts. Investigating the current state of studies on the subject, this paper highlights the instances, methods, purposes and limits of the approaches reserved for “residence” in this scenario, composing their possible critic appraisal.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marina D'Aprile Energy communities: a tool to rehabilitate post-war reconstruction buildings 2022-11-11T15:06:33+00:00 Valentino Manni Luca Saverio Valzano <p class="p1"><span class="s1"> In 2050, about 80% of the European building stock will consist of buildings currently in use. In Italy, a significant share of such stock was built during post-war reconstruction through the Ina Casa social housing programme, which solved such problems as unemployment and housing demand. The rationale behind the building focussed on tradition and saving and drove the implementation of architectural solutions which do not meet the current European Green Deal requirements. Due to the energy crisis, such architectural solutions are also expensive to manage. The wish to rehabilitate the above-mentioned stock stimulates the adoption of new instruments, such as energy communities and participatory energy management models. These instruments achieve a sustainable energy set-up and drive both social and economic development.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Valentino Manni, Luca Saverio Valzano The Requalification of contemporary cultural heritage: the case of Author’s Urban Peripheries 2022-11-10T15:50:22+00:00 Silvia Nigro <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The research focuses on the criteria and solutions of technological-environmental intervention for contemporary cultural heritage and in particular for public housing with the Author’s declination. The proposed methodology, through the analysis of works carried out and the main approaches, the identification of the typical programmatic aspects, the deduction of guidelines for a conscious and compatible design and the definition of an evaluation protocol of the solutions implemented through indicators, aims to provide a decision-making and operational tool through which to guide the choices of the designers and administrations involved, in the different phases and at the different scales of the project.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Silvia Nigro Environmental design and urban regeneration for the peripheral areas in North Naples 2022-11-10T15:43:40+00:00 Federica Dell'Acqua <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The worsening of climate risks means climate adaptation measures and the acceleration of transition towards carbon neutrality need to be strengthened according to international Building renovation guidelines. The vulnerability to climate impacts and the inadequate performance of the built environment in the suburbs of cities determine the urgency required to intervene on these contexts through regenerative processes oriented to achieve the objectives of Green Transition. This paper presents the results of the research carried out by the Federico II University “PER_CENT/ PERIPHERIES AT THE CENTRE”. The research develops a methodology for the ecosystem-based renewal of the projects of the post-earthquake PSER (<em>Programma Sperimentale di Edilizia Residenziale</em>) in North Naples.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Federica Dell'Acqua Regenerating informal habitat in marginal areas through a people-oriented approach 2022-11-10T15:42:47+00:00 Alessandra Battisti Alberto Calenzo Livia Calcagni <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This study, carried out by a multidisciplinary research team, deals with the participatory regeneration process of a marginal residential area in the city of Rome. The research focuses on the theme of urban health and the improvement of indoor and outdoor living conditions according to a people-oriented approach. The work was carried out on two fronts: desk research based on urban, health and socio-demographic sources, and a series of field studies. An operational protocol valid in informal contexts, which escape official censuses, was thus elaborated in order to assign objective values of social and housing discomfort, to measure the concept of urban welfare and to identify possible regeneration strategies for the informal habitat. </span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alessandra Battisti, Alberto Calenzo, Livia Calcagni How Will We Live Together? A Comparative Analysis of Housing Cooperatives in Zurich and Barcelona 2022-11-10T15:44:33+00:00 Ludovica Rolando <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This article provides a comparative analysis of two models of not-for-profit housing cooperatives with shared ownership and limited equity in Zurich and Barcelona as non-speculative and participatory processes that contribute to the accessibility and adequacy of an architectural project, which arose from a bottom-up debate on alternative housing models. The cases cited are characterised by high architectural quality and typological innovation and follow high energy standards and environmental sustainability criteria. The investigation consists of a theoretical study according to critically selected bibliographic sources and the analysis of the case studies with an action-research method. The aim of the research is to investigate the nature of the model, measure its effectiveness and hypothesise its applicability in other similar contexts. </span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ludovica Rolando The regenerative project for hybrid evolutionary buildings’ Active Resilience Convertibility Enhancement 2022-11-11T15:08:31+00:00 Giulia Vignati Gianluca Pozzi Leopoldo Sdino Marta Dell'Ovo Elisabetta Ginelli <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This paper deals with the enhancement of the project for the intervention on existing disused buildings with three sequential objectives: converting tertiary buildings to the hybrid housing function; regenerating buildings, providing them with continuous transformative capacity and making them functionally convertible; providing a housing model of temporary uage duration, according to the principle of House as a Service. Considering the temporal variable, the proposal defines criteria that guide the reconversion of buildings in relation to the dynamic needs of the different categories of users and stakeholders who are involved in the decision-making process and, through the hedonic price method, investigates the influence that the qualities attributed to the performance of the building have on the formation of their value, highlighting the perception of value and the acceptance of green performances.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gianluca Pozzi, Elisabetta Ginelli, Leopoldo Sdino, Giulia Vignati, Marta Dell'Ovo From the building refurbishment to the urban regeneration of the Quartiere Cogne of Aosta. A multidisciplinary approach 2022-11-11T15:09:43+00:00 Mauro Berta Luca Caneparo <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The <em>Quartiere Cogne</em> was erected at the beginning of the last century to house workers and managers employed at the new steel works. The whole neighbourhood is now affected by a wide-ranging transformation project which combines the features of aspects which really pertain to architectural building refurbishment within a broader framework of urban regeneration. Part of this project is financed by the National Programme for the Quality of Living. The design develops dwelling models aimed at strengthening the social structure at various levels (family, block, community, neighbourhood, local associations), making the most of local features. It includes initiatives to foster inclusion based on a broad network of infrastructures and services. An important feature is transition spaces, semi-private and semi-public, in which the idea and the quality of community is challenged. The aim is to give more natural and sustainable responses to instances of sharing and common use for collective housing in the Alpine area.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mauro Berta, Luca Caneparo Quality of housing for inner areas between specialised supply, proximity welfare and production of new economies 2022-11-10T15:43:20+00:00 Katia Fabbricatti Adelina Picone Vincenzo Tenore Fabrizio Ascione Gilda Berruti Enrico Formato Cristina Mattiucci Alessandro Sgobbo <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This paper focuses on the issue of housing in inner areas, presenting a project of the candidacy of the Campania region for the PINQuA national funding programme, which was launched by the Italian Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport in 2020. The project is based on the hypothesis that it is possible to reverse the demographic trend in marginalised areas – characterised by a declining population, a high old-age index, a lack of basic services and, at the same time, a high potential for innovation – with building renovation and differentiated housing offers with high standards of quality and services. Through a systemic and place-based approach, the research uses pilot cases to experiment on themes linked to new housing demands, digital and green innovation, proximity welfare and social cohesion through a multi-actor and multi-level process.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Katia Fabbricatti, Adelina Picone, Vincenzo Tenore, Fabrizio Ascione, Gilda Berruti, Enrico Formato, Cristina Mattiucci, Alessandro Sgobbo Student housing in architectural renovation and urban regeneration projects 2022-11-10T15:50:15+00:00 Roberto Bologna <p class="p1"><span class="s1">University student living is an evolving form of housing, subject to significant investment and design experimentation. In Italy, Law 338/2000 gave a strong stimulus to the construction of student residences, incentivised the renovation of the existing building stock and produced significant results in terms of architectural and urban redevelopment throughout the country. The considerations outlined are the result of several years of research that has seen the working group engaged in the definition of project standards and in the activities of project investigation and the monitoring of the realisations conducted in support of the ministerial evaluation (MUR) of co-financing applications. The data acquired in the course of the research constitute an unprecedented wealth of knowledge on the phenomenon of student housing in the last fifteen years in Italy.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Roberto Bologna Innovative processes for social housing. The multiannual funding programmes of L 338 2022-11-10T15:50:32+00:00 Claudio Piferi <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Law 338/00 emerges from the structural absence of programming aimed at social housing and is used to programme and implement, thanks to state funding, processes aimed at satisfying a specific housing demand of university residences. The importance of the law is due to multiple aspects, including the experimental nature, the definition of dimensional standards and procedural clarity. , Thanks to the collection and processing of data unique in quantity and originality, the contribution aims to describe the innovative process, reporting some results from twenty years of research, both methodological and applicative, aimed at identifying the virtues and criticalities of the multiyear funding programme and comparing expected and achieved results.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Claudio Piferi Data-driven urban regeneration: university housing in the ex-Corradini factory in Naples 2022-11-10T15:49:58+00:00 Sergio Ermolli Giuliano Galluccio <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This paper develops a decision-making methodology for urban regeneration projects based on the use of data-driven procedures and technologies for the conversion of former industrial areas to residential use. The proposed approach is aimed at the elaboration of an information management protocol for the generation of design scenarios, starting from the assessment of the regulatory and technical compatibility of the possible transformations with the existing constraints. This paper describes the application of the methodology to several buildings in the ex-Corradini complex in Naples to be used for different types of residential functions, in a framework of high uncertainty and complexity, also due to the inaccessibility and abandonment of the site.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Giuliano Galluccio, Sergio Ermolli TRAceS: experimental processes to simulate “carbon neutral” urban habitats 2022-11-11T15:11:02+00:00 Manuela Romano Matteo Clementi Alessandro Rogora <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This research addresses the issue of process innovation for the transformation of the built environment aimed at <em>carbon neutral</em> objectives in urban space. The design experience is based on a <em>game-based learning</em> approach in which collaborative processes and digital technologies support the performance response of the project actions. The collected information is processed with the intention of configuring a digital serious game as an interactive space where citizen, designer and public administrators can understand and simulate urban transformation scenarios and seek shared solutions that can contain the local ecological footprint as close as possible to the sustainable limit. </span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Manuela Romano, Matteo Clementi, Alessandro Rogora Positive Energy Districts and deep renovation actions to move beyond the 2025 EU Targets 2022-11-10T15:42:18+00:00 Rosa Romano Maria Beatrice Andreucci Emanuela Giancola <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Starting from selected results of the COST ACTION PED-EU-NET and IEA EBC Annex 83 PEDs, this article presents an overview of the European projects that, in recent years, have made it possible to evolve from the nZEB concept (applied to deep renovation interventions) towards the Positive Energy District model, redefining the spatial, functional, organisational, technological and environmental aspects of the interscalar relationship between housing, building and settlement. The ambition is to affect the ongoing change positively, developing tools for knowledge and validation of current experiences, generating new shared values of an ecological-environmental matrix and promoting quality of life, inclusion and social sustainability.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rosa Romano, Maria Beatrice Andreucci, Emanuela Giancola Emergent dwelling. Requests for designing a human-scale and climate-proof lifetime house 2022-11-10T15:49:37+00:00 Erminia Attaianese Maddalena Illario Marina Rigillo <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This contribution presents part of the results produced by the University of Naples Federico II in the project PRIN 2017 TECH-START. The research investigates how the challenges of the circular economy and climate mitigation, combined with digital technologies, require new organisations for contemporary dwelling, including the need for healthy and safe environments. The contribution studies the concept of emergent dwelling with the aim of achieving a set of design requirements consistent with the many, diverse forms of living. These requirements apply to the project of a multigenerational lifetime house, selecting those most suitable for a smart residency that integrates the socio-productive and health care chain into the territory, with particular reference to the elderly population and the most fragile groups in a life-course perspective.</span></p> 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marina Rigillo, Erminia Attaianese, Maddalena Illario Controcorrente 2022-11-10T15:40:06+00:00 Antonella Violano Alfonso Femia <p>-</p> 2022-08-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Antonella Violano Reviews 2022-11-10T15:40:58+00:00 Francesca Giglio 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Giglio Paola Ascione, Conoscenza e progetto nei quartieri d’autore. Tecnologia e ambiente negli interventi di Luigi Cosenza 2022-11-10T15:40:50+00:00 Monica Lavagna 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Monica Lavagna Lacaton A., Vassal J.P., Walker E., Puente M. (a cura di), lacaton&vassal: free space transformation habiter / espacio libre transformación habiter 2022-11-10T15:40:43+00:00 Massimo Rossetti 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Massimo Rossetti Hofstetter K., Miessgang M., Pluch K., Scheuvens R., Wolfgring C. (a cura di), New Social Housing. Positions on the IBA_VIENNA 2022 2022-11-10T15:40:35+00:00 Teresa Villani 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Teresa Villani Building envelope: techniques, languages, transparencies 2022-11-10T15:40:12+00:00 Alessandro Claudi de Saint Mihiel 2022-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Alessandro Claudi de Saint Mihiel