TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment <p><em>TECHNE</em>, the scientific journal of SIT<em>d</em>A, the&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Italian Society of Architectural Technology</a>, meets the Society's aims by working, at national and international level, to promote knowledge and the methods and techniques of Architectural Technology, so as to protect and enhance the man-made environment, and to promote innovative applications and interdisciplinary comparison.<br>The magazine publishes articles on innovative research and applications, as well as essays and reports. The authors work in the academic world and in research facilities in the area of architectural design, industry, entrepreneurial activities and client, public and private organizations.<br><em>TECHNE&nbsp;</em>addresses a target market interested in debating relevant and critical points of view and acquiring useful knowledge for the development of projects through a comparison of different approaches.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (<a href="">CC-BY-4.0</a>)</strong>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a></p> (Redazione Techne c/o SITdA onlus) Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:19:22 +0000 OJS 60 Fifty Years of Technology of Architecture <p>AAVV</p> Massimo Rossetti Copyright (c) 2019 Massimo Rossetti Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:28:19 +0000 Note <p>AAVV</p> Maria Teresa Lucarelli Copyright (c) 2019 Maria Teresa Lucarelli Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:29:08 +0000 The Executive Project as a Musical Score in Stone <p>AAVV</p> Emilio Faroldi Copyright (c) 2019 Emilio Faroldi Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:29:53 +0000 The detailed design project. role, objetives, potential <p>AAVV</p> Tiziana Ferrante Copyright (c) 2019 Tiziana Ferrante Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:31:07 +0000 The criticality of technical-legislative aspects in the digital preparation of executive designs <p>AAVV</p> Tommaso Cesare, Cesare  Valle Copyright (c) 2019 Tommaso Cesare, Cesare  Valle Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:31:47 +0000 Lighting design: blueprints - implication, the union between art and technology <p>AAVV</p> Francesca Storaro Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Storaro Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:32:36 +0000 Nuper rosarum flores <p>AAVV</p> Damiano D’Ambrosio Copyright (c) 2019 Damiano D’Ambrosio Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:33:21 +0000 Hunting the fleeing work of art <p>AAVV</p> Gregorio Botta Copyright (c) 2019 Gregorio Botta Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:34:05 +0000 The executive project for a music symphony orchestra conductor <p>AAVV</p> Giorgio Pradella Copyright (c) 2019 Giorgio Pradella Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:34:54 +0000 The care of the execution <p>AAVV</p> Marco Introini Copyright (c) 2019 Marco Introini Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:35:43 +0000 “Informed” executive designs: research and professional practice to improve the built environment <p>The contribution of technological innovations to design choices, like in many industrial sectors, does not always correspond to controlled improvement of the built environment. Integrating <em>feedback</em> from the physical and cultural context of construction is a challenge for the future of the profession.<br>International studies dedicate resources in order to monitor constructions and to develop executive designs that are evidence-based. Professional associations, research institutes and universities experiment with models for integrating specialist skills into a commitment that is unsustainable for most architects. Based on these experiences, this contribution considers an informed and reliable process of ideation-construction in pursuit of build quality.</p> Paola Marrone, Federico Orsini Copyright (c) 2019 Paola Marrone, Federico Orsini Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:37:22 +0000 Experiment, develop and provoke: the prototype as an instrument of design <p>The aim of the essay is to investigate the strategic role of physical prototyping in design, from concept to application, in a context characterised by the increasingly widespread presence of digital technologies and virtual prototypes. Starting from the identification of certain categories of prototypes (provocative, experimental, production), the article proposes a critical overview of the elements that characterise prototyping activities in the fields of education, research and technological transfer.</p> Roberto Giordano, Elena Montacchini, Silvia Tedesco Copyright (c) 2019 Roberto Giordano, Elena Montacchini, Silvia Tedesco Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:38:21 +0000 Master’s details. From hand-made drawing of the great masters to the digital drawing of Starchitects <p>This essay offers a moment of critical reflection on architectural detail by investigating its expressive and communicative potential when it shows the first idea of the designer or when it contributes to the structuring and characterization of the work, as an element or component. Through the reference literature, the widespread use of digital technologies and the most recent research on the subject, we will deepen the roles and critical issues of the detail as an interface for understanding the whole building system and for the characterization of architecture in the near future.</p> Giuseppe De Giovanni, Cesare Sposito Copyright (c) 2019 Giuseppe De Giovanni, Cesare Sposito Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:39:04 +0000 The executive project as integrated model in relation to Industry 4.0 <p>Executive projects must guarantee that technical specifications are properly interpreted, so that construction work can be adequately implemented. In view of the upcoming automation of building sites arising from the cyber-physical system-based Industry 4.0 framework, the detailed design “grammar rules” are bound to change, too. The reported discussions focus on information integration between on-site and off-site production, as well as among humans, machines and sensors. This study surveys and updates the state of the art in the research of the building process automation. Based on that, it defines an information management model for integrated processes which encompasses the entire construction process (Integrated Design Process, Construction Management and Facility Management) and it is ready to be shared on the cloud.</p> Carlo Caldera, Valentino Manni, Luca Saverio Valzano Copyright (c) 2019 Carlo Caldera, Valentino Manni, Luca Saverio Valzano Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:39:55 +0000 Designing for co-evolution <p>An authorial and hermetic concept of buildings no longer responds to shifting contemporary needs and lifestyles.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;<br></span>A linearizing vision of the building process tends to limit technical design to the simple translation of design considerations into construction drawings. Any possibilities to define a broader framework of co-evolving relations between ideation, construction and the possibility to adapt what we build to unpredictable functional, social and economic changes are set aside.<br>Rethinking the methods, contents and objectives of technical design presents an important challenge for extending the survival of a building. More important than the survival of an idea or form, this is a key element of the social, ecological and economic sustainability of making architecture.</p> Filippo Angelucci, Michele Di Sivo Copyright (c) 2019 Filippo Angelucci, Michele Di Sivo Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:40:35 +0000 Eduardo Vittoria. The design thinking of an olivetti architect <p>The essay aims to outline Eduardo Vittoria’s contribution to the definition of the characteristics of the contemporary technological and environmental culture of architectural design, starting from the analysis of three industrial buildings designed and realized between 1952 and 1970 for Olivetti of Ivrea, considered exemplary for the research of a new approach in the development of the design process, from the concept of design to technological experimentation. Vittoria’s “designing thinking”, always suspended between the reasons for making and the speculative tension, has evolved over half a century, starting from conditions based on the knowledge of practical terms and operational issues with which he had to deal in the course of his design and professional experiences.</p> Massimo Perriccioli, Pietro Nunziante Copyright (c) 2019 Massimo Perriccioli, Pietro Nunziante Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:41:17 +0000 The environmental dimension of detailed design. Experiences and future perspectives <p>The essay gives an overview about the way the environmental theme is declined in detailed design in the current Italian and international practice, with particular attention to the influence on the choice of constructive and material solutions, based on a literature review, as well as on the direct experience of some Italian design studios strongly oriented to the integration of environmental aspects into the project. It is also based on experiences gathered in working group composed by sector stakeholders.<br>In particular, criticalities and obstacles, possibilities for improvement and advantages achieved by a detailed design capable of integrating environmental aspects are highlighted, outlining the current (and possible future) professional skills and tools.</p> Monica Lavagna, Alessandra Bessi, Andrea Meneghelli, Paola Moschini Copyright (c) 2019 Monica Lavagna, Alessandra Bessi, Andrea Meneghelli, Paola Moschini Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:41:59 +0000 The role of the detailed design in the public works <p>The production of the detailed design in the public works has been updated several times, even recently through the adoption of the new Public Procurement Law. Two different approaches are still remaining: the centralization of the design activity in charge of the public contracting body or the externalization to private actors. The paper, beyond an investigation of the potentialities and criticalities of these approaches, outlines new scenarios that are progressively taking place. In particular, starting from the emblematic case of the student housing buildings launched in Italy with the law 338/2000, new possible prospects, new contents and models of production of the detailed design are identified.</p> Andrea Tartaglia, Giovanni Castaldo Copyright (c) 2019 Andrea Tartaglia, Giovanni Castaldo Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:42:48 +0000 Executive project and building pathology <p>Often the executive design performs its task of defining “completely and in every architectural, structural and plant detail the intervention to be carried out”, but it is lacking in the awareness of the multiple agents of degradation and Possible factors of alteration that can interfere, acting on the construction work final and in operation, on its performance levels, on its durability and on the quality of building more generally. The result of these information deficiencies of the Executive project is, very often, that of a deficiency in the technical quality of the project. This situation inevitably determines a non-quality of construction, especially in reference to the maintenance, over time, of the performance levels, which will decay in function of processes of pathological ageing completely inconsistent with life of the building artifacts in question. <br>It is therefore necessary to define specific methodological approaches for the identification of correlations between degradation agents – conditions of degradation and failure – technical-constructive options.</p> Domenico D’Olimpio Copyright (c) 2019 Domenico D’Olimpio Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:43:30 +0000 Epistemic uncertainty, risk management and information: the role of the detailed design <p>Nowadays, the ability to face uncertainty and its related risks is increasingly required to the construction industry. This paper is based on the wide debate concerning the dual nature of uncertainty: <em>aleatory uncertainty</em> (also known as ontological uncertainty) which is associated to the randomness, and <em>epistemic uncertainty</em>, which is derived from missing or incomplete information, resulting in a partial knowledge of processes and of their characteristic phenomena.<br>In particular, the paper focuses on <em>epistemic uncertainty</em> in the context of the construction process, assuming the hypothesis that the detailed design – as the clarification moment in which design choices and technical details related to entire building life cycle are taken – is the proper venue for collecting and organizing all the required information and knowledge to reduce the uncertainty level and to identify, analyze and assess<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>the different types of risk (technological, process, economic, social, environmental, etc.) which can affect the building from its construction to its disposal.</p> Cinzia Talamo, Giancarlo Paganin, Nazly Atta, Francesco Rota Copyright (c) 2019 Cinzia Talamo, Giancarlo Paganin, Nazly Atta, Francesco Rota Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:44:13 +0000 Integration of sustainability requirements in architectural design <p>The paper explores the integration of technological and environmental requirements in the architectural design, as these are recently defined by the European and national policy pieces. It analyses how environmental sustainability objectives, requirements and reference indicators are addressed in the design process, from the architectural concept design to technological and construction choices in detailed design. Hence, the paper compares the European framework Level(s) with the <em>Criteri Ambientali Minimi per l’edilizia</em> (the national GPP rules for the building sector), to highlight similarities and differences and to understand if designers are provided with a comprehensive set of instructions (norms, standards, databases and tools) to include this information in the project.</p> Valentina Marino, Francesca Thiébat Copyright (c) 2019 Valentina Marino, Francesca Thiébat Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:44:55 +0000 Project and maintainability in the era of Industry 4.0 <p>The paper deals with the many issues related to the relationship between project and maintainability in light of the opportunities offered by Industry 4.0 referred to scientific advances and international and national regulatory context. As for industrial products, building maintainability is a design requirement and requires tools, procedures and programming skills. Not new issues, different the connoting characters. Today, Lean Construction and ICT technologies are synergetic methodologies and tools aimed at improving the “predictability” of design. They represent some of the cornerstones of an innovative approach, capable of projecting the construction sector into the era of the fourth revolution and, even more, the design practices from which descend the choices and strategies for managing the life cycle and therefore the characteristics of efficiency and sustainability. In this context, project and maintainability find a re-reading and updating, not only with reference to their operational capacity, but also mainly considering renewed human-centered approaches.</p> Massimo Lauria, Maria Azzalin Copyright (c) 2019 Massimo Lauria, Maria Azzalin Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:45:37 +0000 Building heritage of “Sapienza”: integrated digital tools for the executive project <p>The originality of the contribution has put in system, for an executive project, digital instruments (different from each other). The methodology has developed aspects of <em>method</em>, <em>tools</em>, <em>skills</em> and <em>results</em>: coordinating tools (<em>Mc4energy©, Tally©</em>), preparing the BIM Execution Plan, identifying the BIM modeler and coordinator, managing the information with Overview and Detailed BIM Use Map. The results of the research, financed in the A.A. 2017-18 by “Sapienza” in synergy with the <em>Energy Plan</em>, benefit the entire community: by implementing digital instruments, more effective methods and databases are produced for the project and the management over time of interventions for energy-environmental efficiency and indoor well-being. The paradigm shift takes place with industry 4.0.</p> Fabrizio Cumo, Adriana S. Sferra, Elisa Pennacchia Copyright (c) 2019 Fabrizio Cumo, Adriana S. Sferra, Elisa Pennacchia Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:46:21 +0000 Project, detail, construction. The german school of Karljosef Schattner and Heinz Bienefeld <p>The issue of the article originates from the research grant funded by the German international Daad Institution, developed at the Technische Universität of Munich, based on the study of a group of late-modern German architects as main topic. The article aims to focus especially on the work of two “master builders”, who represent the school of “detailed” designing: Karljosef Schattner (1924-2012) and Heinz Bienefeld (1926-1995). Schattner opens up a connection with the industrial field and the new production materials; Bienefeld elaborates the building body with the upgraded traditional construction techniques. These different approaches are explained by the analytical reading of emblematic works.</p> Nicola Panzini Copyright (c) 2019 Nicola Panzini Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:46:58 +0000 A semiotic model as a conceptual link between conception and detailed design <p>The detailed design is the tool that guarantees protection and logic to the transition between conception and realisation. In order for it to play this role, it is necessary to define and understand the concepts underlying the creative process and to understand how these are translated into the forms, technologies and materials described by the detailed design. Based on these assumptions and a case study of the development of the campus of the University Ca’ Foscari of Venice in San Giobbe, a semiotic model is presented that was elaborated and tested in European research projects that made it possible to refine cognitive tools to support the management of the construction and design processes, especially detailed design.</p> Massimiliano Condotta Copyright (c) 2019 Massimiliano Condotta Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:47:41 +0000 Plug-and-Play and innovative process technologies (Mapping/Modelling/Making/Monitoring) in deep renovation interventions <p><em>Deep renovation</em> is the term coined by the Energy Efficiency Directive of the EC (2012/27) for defining economically advantageous building renovation interventions that make possible the reduction of the energy consumption of a building by at least 60% compared to the condition prior to the refurbishment. In this field, the P2ENDURE research project, funded by the European Union under H2020 programme, is aimed at developing refurbishment strategies, functional transformation and improvement of the energy performance of existing buildings based on the use of Plug-and-Play technologies and components tested on 10 case studies according to a procedure called 4M (Mapping/Modelling/Making/Monitoring).</p> Emanuele Piaia, Beatrice Turillazzi, Danila Longo, Andrea Boeri, Roberto Di Giulio Copyright (c) 2019 Emanuele Piaia, Beatrice Turillazzi, Danila Longo, Andrea Boeri, Roberto Di Giulio Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:48:24 +0000 Utilization of open-source game engines for the description of construction systems suited to self-building <p>This article explores the possibility of utilizing a game engine to support the description of construction solutions aimed to self-builders. The results of this experimentation strengthen the hypothesis that game engines would worth to be made a part of the arsenal of resources available to designers for supporting the description of designed objects. In the presented case study, the use of the game engine has allowed the creation of a software application giving users the ability to navigate interactively the construction procedures by choosing the pace of their exploration and their viewpoints during the work phases.</p> Gian Luca Brunetti Copyright (c) 2019 Gian Luca Brunetti Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:49:07 +0000 Digital flows of information for the operational phase: the Facility Management of Apple Developer Academy <p>The operational/management phase is the one most affected by an ineffective organization of information, which occurred in the previous phases. The activity of this applied research had the objective of verifying the possibility of reducing the problems that arise between the executive phase and the Management phase, through the improvement of the interaction between the different protagonists in the exchange, sharing and updating of informational datasets. The work focused on the case study of the Apple Developer Academy in Naples, the first school in Europe for the development of digital mobile applications, with respect to which the management strategies were simulated starting from the development of an Informational Modeling functional to the operational phase of the spaces.</p> Sergio Russo Ermolli Copyright (c) 2019 Sergio Russo Ermolli Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:49:52 +0000 SMART models for new management of the building process <p>These pages illustrate ongoing research investigating the theme of the relations between Building Construction, industrialization, ICT and procedural and design choices from the standpoint of quality and environmental sustainability in industry 4.0 and in light of new regulations and technological innovations. This research is currently undergoing testing with several Public Administrations, exploring the possibility of a SMART Network digital platform model based on a SMART System:<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>innovative, adaptive and dynamic, offering decisional support to Building Process phases.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>A SMART System is not only an intelligent system but is also inclusive, shared and has (4.0) social, environmental, economic and industrial implications in BIM, for new role of the designer in Open Source perspective.</p> Clarissa Di Tonno Copyright (c) 2019 Clarissa Di Tonno Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:50:33 +0000 The direction of ideas for the Internet of Things. cHOMgenius project. Prototype System&SharedProject <p>Qualifying technologies of Industry 4.0, the recognition of the project’s “centrality” and the integration between ideation and design practice are at the basis of cHOMgenius experimental project, winner of “Smart Living” call for tender and funded by Regione Lombardia to support experimental development and innovation projects (S&amp;I) carried out by partnerships and universities. This project responds to the aim of introducing new or ameliorative products, processes/services from a technological, productive and organisational perspective, in order to valorise the ‘Smart Living’ theme. cHOMgenius proves that the <em>direction of ideas</em> (represented by the technological culture’s approach to design, which need to be “accomplishable” and to “anticipate decisions”) produces innovation for the <em>Internet of “things”</em>.</p> Elisabetta Ginelli, Gianluca Pozzi Copyright (c) 2019 Elisabetta Ginelli, Gianluca Pozzi Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:51:14 +0000 Digital control room for the project and management of complex buildings <p>The construction sector is the protagonist of a digital revolution that involved the entire building process both in the technological innovation linked to production and in the change of perspective and operational methodology. Thanks to the increasing development of the management models of the building process and of the IT systems that have facilitated its integration and management of information, the building has come to be considered as the protagonist of a process to follow throughout the evolution of its life cycle. The article relates the executive project to process and product innovation related to the Facility Management operating mode, grasping the benefits deriving from the implementation potential of BIM systems in its oriented version to the web and servers.</p> Liala Baiardi, Ingrid Paoletti, Valentina Puglisi, Stefano Converso Copyright (c) 2019 Liala Baiardi, Ingrid Paoletti, Valentina Puglisi, Stefano Converso Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:56:26 +0000 The environmental balance as decision support to the refurbishment detailed design <p>The refurbishment design is a well-known strategy to mitigate environmental impacts of the built heritage, but it is not environmentally neutral. A deep knowledge of the building is required in order to maintain the greatest amount of materials – depending on its residual technological performances – and thus containing the consumption of new resources and the production of demolition wastes. Following up existing tools, a method to analyse environmental impacts and support the design at the executive level is presented. Possible intervention alternatives are evaluated from a life cycle perspective, through the embodied energy and CO2 equ indicators, aiming at re-using as much material as possible and preferring new materials with low environmental impact.</p> Antonello Monsù Scolaroa, Lia Marchi Copyright (c) 2019 Antonello Monsù Scolaroa, Lia Marchi Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:58:16 +0000 Integration between BIM and Agent-based simulation for the 4.0 detailed design <p>The construction industry, affected by a persistent crisis, has in the innovation provided by the digital revolution the opportunity to make the whole sector more efficient. These opportunities are not so much inherent in the tools, as in the innovative methods of process management, linked to the development of Artificial Intelligence techniques. The article therefore presents the development of a prototype of integration between Autonomous Agents and BIM: the result is the simulation of design alternatives, according to the different possibilities of optimizing the available resources. In this way, in the detailed design both the design verification phase and the organization of field, from the virtual model to the construction, becomes proactive.</p> Francesco Livio Rossini Copyright (c) 2019 Francesco Livio Rossini Fri, 29 Nov 2019 11:59:01 +0000 Performative design and quality of architecture. Façade Engineering for IBM Headquarters in Rome <p>The new IBM Headquarters represents an applied research experience carried out in collaboration between Sapienza’s PDTA Department and Technische Universität München. The technological culture has played a key role in the innovation of the traditional integrated design process, providing know-how necessary for the development of technical-performance solutions, thus ensuring objectives in line with current international standards. The consulting activity on Facade Engineering with energy-environmental studies and the detailed design of the building’s façade features has allowed to combine performance targets and architectural quality, respect scheduled timing and budget, helping to attract the investments of a multinational such as IBM.</p> Gerard Hausladen, Francesco Antinori, Michele Conteduca, Elisabeth Endres, Daniele Santucci Copyright (c) 2019 Gerard Hausladen, Francesco Antinori, Michele Conteduca, Elisabeth Endres, Daniele Santucci Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:00:12 +0000 Executive design and digital construction processes. A constructive experimentation between Italy and Japan <p>The paper aims to provide food for thought about the declination of the executive design in the context of digital construction processes. To this end, the paper illustrates the first results of a constructive experimentation under way, carried out in the framework of an international research involving the “Eduardo Vittoria” School of Architecture and Design of Ascoli Piceno of the University of Camerino and two Japanese universities (Keio University and Kokushikan University). The experience of “digital construction” of an experimental module, result of the first research step, demonstrates how the digitalization of construction processes implies a re-coding of current design practices. Particularly in the digital construction culture, the variables related to materials and to construction and operational systems of Architecture come into play right from the early design phases. Consequence of this approach is the assumption of a new strategic dimension (as well as instrumental) of the executive design.</p> Roberto Ruggiero Copyright (c) 2019 Roberto Ruggiero Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:00:56 +0000 The construction project for the exportability and assembly of the building system on/off-site <p>Geographical distances, logistic problems, and the absence of raw matter, industrial fabric, and know-how prevent many countries from adopting innovative, sustainable, “green” systems for high building quality. In order to disseminate these principles through the “colonization” of new markets, it is necessary to think how to export those systems that, although not locally fabricated, are considered green thanks to other sustainable features. The paper proposes a design method and a production/construction process for the “exportability of the system”. A hybrid system is proposed as an alternative to conventional construction models that are completely built on-site or prefabricated off-site. The experience of the Solar Decathlon Middle East is presented as case study for this design and build experimentation.</p> Vittorino Belpoliti, Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli, Giampaolo Guerzoni Copyright (c) 2019 Vittorino Belpoliti, Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli, Giampaolo Guerzoni Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:01:38 +0000 Executive design processing: references and contributions on the disciplinary, methodological and operational scenario. A Dialogue with Maurizio Teora (Arup) and Dario Bozzoli (Colombo Costruzioni S.p.A.) <p>AAVV</p> Massimiliano Nastri Copyright (c) 2019 Massimiliano Nastri Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:02:41 +0000 Reviews <p>AAVV</p> Francesca Giglio Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Giglio Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:04:34 +0000 Massimiliano Nastri. Téchne e Poíesis. Cultura tecnologica ed elaborazione esecutiva del progetto <p>AAVV</p> Federica Meoli Copyright (c) 2019 Federica Meoli Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:05:13 +0000 Roma Agrawal. Costruire. Le strutture nascoste dietro le architetture <p>AAVV</p> Valentina Gianfrate Copyright (c) 2019 Valentina Gianfrate Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:05:55 +0000 Carlo Piano e Renzo. Piano Atlantide. Viaggio alla ricerca della bellezza <p>AAVVV</p> Enza Tersigni Copyright (c) 2019 Enza Tersigni Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:06:35 +0000 The Third Mission between the innovative dimension and the public engagement function <p>AAVV</p> Alessandro Claudi de Saint Mihiel Copyright (c) 2019 Alessandro Claudi de Saint Mihiel Fri, 29 Nov 2019 12:07:15 +0000