Studi Slavistici XVII (2020) 2
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Zabójczo, That is Deadly. A Study of Semantic Change Toward Intensification and ‘Excess’ Hyperbole

Agnieszka Latos
SWPS University
Bio
Published December 7, 2020
Keywords
  • Hyperbolic Intensification,
  • Zabójczy,
  • Zabójczo,
  • Metaphorization,
  • Subjectivation,
  • Desemantization,
  • Polish
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How to Cite
Latos, A. (2020). Zabójczo, That is Deadly. A Study of Semantic Change Toward Intensification and ‘Excess’ Hyperbole. Studi Slavistici, 17(2), 241-260. https://doi.org/10.13128/Studi_Slavis-9030

Abstract

The study analyses the current polysemy of the adverb zabójczo and the evolution of its original meaning ‘lethally.’ The semantic change ‘lethal → harmful → unbearable → impressive → extraordinary’ occurs due to the process of metaphorization and subjectivation. The concrete lexical meaning develops a secondary sense through metonymy, ‘extreme degree.’ The desemantized related expressions, i.e., the adjective zabójczy and the adverb zabójczo, take on the function of a hyperbolic intensifier. The amplifiers tend to be used in two diverse intensification patterns: the adjective as a maximizer, while the adjective as a booster.

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