Vol. 17 No. 2 (2022)
Articles

The Italian wall lizard, Podarcis siculus campestris, unexpected presence on Gorgona Island (Tuscan Archipelago)

Marco Alberto Luca Zuffi
Museo di Storia Naturale, Università di Pisa, via Roma 79, I-56011 Calci (Pisa)
Alan J. Coladonato
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e dell’Ambiente, Viale Taramelli 24 I-27100 Pavia
Gianluca Lombardo
Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie "Lazzaro Spallanzani", Via Ferrata 9, I-27100 Pavia
Antonio Torroni
Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie "Lazzaro Spallanzani", Via Ferrata 9, I-27100 Pavia
Matilde Boschetti
Museo di Storia Naturale, Università di Pisa, via Roma 79, I-56011 Calci (Pisa)
Stefano Scali
Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Corso Venezia 55, I-20100 Milano
Marco Mangiacotti
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e dell’Ambiente, Viale Taramelli 24 I-27100 Pavia
Roberto Sacchi
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e dell’Ambiente, Viale Taramelli 24 I-27100 Pavia
Published July 28, 2022
Keywords
  • Introduced species,
  • Gorgona Island,
  • Tuscan Archipelago,
  • mtDNA CYB sequences,
  • Podarcis siculus campestris
How to Cite
Zuffi, M. A. L., Coladonato, A. J., Lombardo, G., Torroni, A., Boschetti, M., Scali, S., Mangiacotti, M., & Sacchi, R. (2022). The Italian wall lizard, Podarcis siculus campestris, unexpected presence on Gorgona Island (Tuscan Archipelago). Acta Herpetologica, 17(2), 135-145. https://doi.org/10.36253/a_h-12388

Abstract

We here report the unexpected presence of the Italian wall lizard (Podarcis siculus campestris) on Gorgona Island, in the Parco Nazionale Arcipelago Toscano (Tuscan Archipelago, Tyrrhenian Sea, Tuscany, Central Italy). Field observations were carried out in 2020 confirming its presence on the island, where it had never been reported before. We recorded 37 GPS points of the species in three major areas of Gorgona (with 50 lizard records) and about 180 visual counts regarding all age classes (newborns, juveniles and adults). The species was found in the urban area (site of state prison) and in two grassy and bushed areas, around and along olive tree plantations. Seven individuals were captured and their tails were used to assess the sequence variation of the mitochondrial CYB gene. Biometrical parameters were also evaluated for six of these individuals. We detected three distinct CYB haplotypes that were compared to Podarcis siculus CYB sequences available in public databases. They resulted identical or phylogenetically closest to those found in mainland Tuscany. One haplotype, found in three specimens, was identical to one previously detected at Orti Bottagone (WWF Oasis in Piombino), while the other two haplotypes were most similar to haplotypes reported in the Giannella peninsula and Pisa, respectively.

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