Vol. 36 No. 1 (2022): Advances in Horticultural Science
Reviews

An overview of Betel vine (Piper Betle L.): Nutritional, pharmacological and economical promising natural reservoir

A.K. Sahu
P.G. Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Fakir Mohan University, Vyasa Vihar, 756089 Balasore, Odisha, India.
S.S. Kar
P.G. Department of Environmental Science, Fakir Mohan University, Vyasa Vihar, 756089 Balasore, Odisha, India.
P. Kumari
Centre of Excellence (CoE) for Bioresource Management and Energy Conservation Material Development, Fakir Mohan University Vyasa Vihar, 756089 Balasore, Odisha, India.
S.K. Dey
Centre of Excellence (CoE) for Bioresource Management and Energy Conservation Material Development, Fakir Mohan University Vyasa Vihar, 756089 Balasore, Odisha, India.
Published February 4, 2022
Keywords
  • Agriculture,
  • anti-microbial,
  • antioxidant,
  • betel vine,
  • disease,
  • econimic,
  • nutritional,
  • pharmaceutical
  • ...More
    Less
How to Cite
Tutu, A. K. S., Guddun, S. S. K., Kumari, P., & Dey, S. K. D. (2022). An overview of Betel vine (Piper Betle L.): Nutritional, pharmacological and economical promising natural reservoir. Advances in Horticultural Science, 36(1), 63-80. https://doi.org/10.36253/ahsc-12290

Abstract

With its magnificent green heart-shaped leaf, the betel vine (Piper betle L.) is also known as Paan in India. It is a member of the Piperaceae family. It is cultivated in the coastal regions of Odisha (Balasore, Jagatsinghpur, Puri, Khordha, and Ganjam). Paan is consumed by over 1 million people throughout the state, but they are unaware of its high nutritional quality. It is considered superior to pharmaceuticals and is one of the best remedies in nature. It has anti-microbial, anti-apoptotic, anti-cancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory attributes. Furthermore, the leaves retain eugenol-rich essential oil (EO) (1-3%), which is the hotspot for medication, stimulants, antiseptics, tonics, and other ayurvedic compositions. This oil can also be used as an industrial raw material to make medications, fragrances, tonics, mouth fresheners, food additives, and other products. It contains anticarcinogens, which show potential for the development of medicines against cancer treatment. Betel plant farming is an agricultural activity that provides a source of income for remote farmers. Sometimes economic crises occurred due to the development of diseases such as foot rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew, and collar rot. Most farmers got seasonal revenue, whereas betel vine cultivation provided year-round income from a tiny plot of land.

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