- Crop diversity,
- new cocoyam,
Copyright (c) 2021 Damigou Bammite, Peter Joseph Matthews, Yao Dodzi Dagnon, Akouèthê Agbogan, Paterne Agre, Oluyemi Titilola Akintayo, Komi Odah, Alexandre Dansi, Michael Abberton, Koffi Sodokè Tozo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
International Foundation for Science
Grant numbers C/5866-2
Taro and new cocoyam are root and leaf crops commonly grown in tropical to warm temperate regions. In Togo, they are neglected and underutilised. Here we report the genetic diversity of 26 accessions of taro and 101 accessions of new cocoyam. Analysis of simple sequence repeats revealed low polymorphic information content of 0.43 and 0.25 in taro and new cocoyam, respectively. PCA scatterplots and Neighbour Joining dendrograms based on the SSR data clustered accessions into groups that more-or-less correspond to morphological diversity in both species. AMOVA within and between morphological groups revealed greater variances within groups than between. This indicates weak genetic differentiation between morphological groups, particularly for taro. Genetic diversity was greater among taro cultivars. Taro has a longer history of introduction and dispersal in Africa, and has had more opportunity for multiple introduction and local cultivar development. Different strategies are suggested for future development of these crops in Togo and Africa. For taro, further studies of existing diversity and recent experimental introduction, has spread widely in Africa with little genetic diversity. For this crop, international collaboration is needed to clarify taxonomy, and to introduced further cultivars for evaluation under local conditions in Africa.