TECHNE 19 (2020): The public space
Research & Experimentation

The new entrance to the Camí d’Onda Air-raid Shelter in the historic center of Borriana, Spain

Ivan Cabrera i Fausto
Dipartimento di Meccanica del Continuo e Teoria delle Strutture, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spagna
Ernesto Fenollosa Forner
Dipartimento di Meccanica del Continuo e Teoria delle Strutture, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spagna
Begoña Serrano Lanzarote
Dipartimento di Meccanica del Continuo e Teoria delle Strutture, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spagna
Published January 9, 2020
Keywords
  • Spanish Civil War,
  • air-raid shelter,
  • entrance,
  • bench,
  • public space
How to Cite
Cabrera i Fausto, I., Fenollosa Forner, E., & Serrano Lanzarote, B. (2020). The new entrance to the Camí d’Onda Air-raid Shelter in the historic center of Borriana, Spain. TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, (19), 290-297. https://doi.org/10.13128/techne-7790

Abstract

The Spanish Civil War was the first military conflict with air raids used against the civilian population. Franco’s subsequent dictatorship neglected these infrastructures and most of them were destroyed or buried. Nowadays many Spanish municipalities have decided to recover and place value on shelters as symbols of concord. Those that have survived have remained covered up and any trace of their original entrances was erased by new urban operations at the street level. This is the case of the Camí d’Onda Air-raid Shelter in Borriana, Spain, whose original entrance ramp completely disappeared in the mid-1940s. The authors took up the challenge of designing a new access which should meet many constraints which involved historical, social, technical and urban design aspects.

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