Vol. 77 No. 1 (2022)
Articles

Typification of Costa Rican Orchidaceae described by Rudolf Schlechter. Species variorum collectorum

Franco Pupulin
Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica. P.O.Box 302-7050 Cartago
Isler F. Chinchilla
Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica. P.O.Box 302-7050 Cartago
Gustavo Rojas-Alvarado
Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica. P.O.Box 302-7050 Cartago
Melania Fernández
Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica. P.O.Box 302-7050 Cartago
Carlos Ossenbach
Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica. P.O.Box 302-7050 Cartago
Diego Bogarín
Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica. P.O.Box 302-7050 Cartago
Published April 20, 2022
Keywords
  • epitypification,
  • flora of Costa Rica,
  • history of botany,
  • lectotypification,
  • nomenclature,
  • Orchidaceae
  • ...More
    Less
How to Cite
Pupulin, F., Chinchilla, I. F., Rojas-Alvarado, G., Fernández, M., Ossenbach, C., & Bogarín, D. (2022). Typification of Costa Rican Orchidaceae described by Rudolf Schlechter. Species variorum collectorum. Webbia, 77(1), 35-126. https://doi.org/10.36253/jopt-12092

Abstract

The typification of 53 orchid species described by Rudolf Schlechter based on specimens gathered in Costa Rica by Paul (Pablo) Biolley, Juan José Cooper Sandoval, Auguste R. Endrés, Carl Hoffmann, Emel Jiménez Segura, Otón Jiménez, Friedrich Carl Lehmann, Ferdinand Nevermann, Richard Pfau, and Henry Pittier in the late 19th and early 20th centuries is discussed, and lectotypes are designated when necessary. Short biographical notes are provided for the main collectors whose Costa Rican orchid gatherings are presented here. Taxonomical and historical backgrounds are presented for the concerned taxa, and the rationale for their typifications is discussed. Lectotypes are proposed for Epidendrum dolichostachyum, E. selaginella, Habenaria jimenezii, Hexadesmia jimenezii, Masdevallia reflexa, Microstylis carpinterae, Notylia pittieri, Oncidium cabagrae, O. costaricense, Ornithidium biolleyi, Ornithocephalus xiphochilus, Physurus lehmannii, Platystele bulbinella, Pleurothallis pittieri, P. sororia, Sauroglossum nigricans, Scaphyglottis pauciflora, S. subulata, Sobralia pfavii, Solenocentrum costaricense, Stelis coiloglossa, S. cooperi, S. cyclopetala, S. despectans, and S. tonduziana. An epitype is designated for Gongora unicolor.

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