Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021)
Original Research Article

Regional determinants of Hungarian wine prices: The role of geographical indications, objective quality and individual reputation

Peter Gal
Corvinus University of Budapest
Attila Jambor
Corvinus University of Budapest
Sandor Kovacs
University of Debrecen
Published April 27, 2021
Keywords
  • wine regions,
  • price determination,
  • Hungary,
  • quality,
  • Partial Least Squares
How to Cite
Gal, P., Jambor, A., & Kovacs, S. (2021). Regional determinants of Hungarian wine prices: The role of geographical indications, objective quality and individual reputation. Wine Economics and Policy, 10(1), 119-132. https://doi.org/10.36253/wep-8880

Abstract

Analysing the determinants of wine prices has always been a field of interest in the wine economics literature. By estimating hedonic price functions, however, most papers generally remain at the country level with regions generally neglected or treated as simple dummy variables. The aim of this paper is to analyse the determinants of wine prices at the regional level by using Latent Variable Path Modelling with Partial Least Squares and Principal Component Analysis on the example of Hungarian wines. This approach is able to capture the regional specialties of wine production and provides a better insight into price determination. Results suggest that intrinsic values play a major but ambiguous role in determining regional wine prices, especially in the case of sugar content. It also becomes apparent that specific Geographical Indications (GIs) play a crucial role in price determination, instead of GI use per se. Moreover, individual brands also have an important role, as Tier1 and Tier2 wineries tend to sell their wines at higher prices and in smaller batch sizes.