Vol. 13 No. 1 (2024): New pathways for improved delivery of public goods from agriculture and forestry
Full Research Articles

Assessing the Landscape Recovery Scheme in the UK: a Q methodology study in Yorkshire, UK

Emmanouil Tyllianakis
University of Leeds

Published 2023-05-15


  • agri-environment schemes,
  • Q methodology,
  • Environment Land Management scheme,
  • Landscape Recovery

How to Cite

Tyllianakis, E. (2023). Assessing the Landscape Recovery Scheme in the UK: a Q methodology study in Yorkshire, UK. Bio-Based and Applied Economics, 13(1), 13–25. https://doi.org/10.36253/bae-13941


Embedded within the European Union’s Green Deal is a re-enforced scope to encourage farmers’ participation in primarily voluntary agri-environmental schemes. Although outside of the European Union, the newly announced agri-environment schemes in England mirror such a policy shift towards incentivising participation in order to deliver more and better climate public goods. Farmers’ viewpoints regarding such schemes and contracts are therefore important to examine, as they should be main determinants of current and future enrolment. In this paper, upland Yorkshire farmers were asked to express their opinions for the Landscape Recovery scheme that aims to encourage collaboration and achieve landscape-wide interventions to ensure lasting delivery of climate public goods. Viewpoints show divergent views between environmentally conscious farmers and pragmatic farmers objecting to the functioning of agri-environmental schemes. Farmer viewpoints lean towards ‘broad and shallow’ schemes that would have simple contract requirements and only achieve marginal gains in the delivery of agri-environmental climate public goods while still showing concern about the natural environment and its impact on farming.


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