Call for Discussion Papers on the COVID-19 epidemic
The COVID-19 epidemic has caused substantial shocks on food systems worldwide. Trade and border restrictions as well as regional lockdowns are disrupting food supply chains and preventing the availability of financial and human capital. This contingent situation has reduced agricultural outputs and employment in several regions with possible consequences on food access and social inequalities, and thus on food security. Furthermore, the epidemic is having profound impacts on people’s lifestyles including consumers’ purchasing and eating behaviour: those effects will be likely to generate shocks on the food industry. Moreover, the epidemic is having important impacts on many food-related sectors such as public health, waste management and environmental resource management.
Undoubtedly, the COVID-19 epidemic claims for a better understanding of the vulnerability and resilience concepts as well as policy solutions and actions to recovery food-system functioning.
Whilst the pace of the pandemic is gradually slowing down and the so-called “phase two” is starting in several countries, the social and economic challenges of reconstruction will be, if possible, even more difficult to deal with.
BAE will give its contribution by starting an “Open Stream”, a section on the BAE web page to stimulate a constructive debate. Short communications, critical review articles, discussion papers and research articles will be welcomed (there will be no word limits, and even short pieces such as opinion papers or point of view will be appreciated).
The list of topics of interest is reported below, although we will welcome also other topics that are related to the relationship between the pandemic and the bio-economy:
- Macro- and micro-economic effects of the COVID-19 epidemic on agricultural and food sectors and supply chains.
- Development of new business models and competences, in the light of Agenda 2030 sustainable development goals, able to trigger changes towards a circular bioeconomy.
- Effects of the pandemic and future perspectives on food services and food retailing, including the e-commerce opportunities.
- Ongoing changes in consumers’ habits, attitudes, perceptions and behaviours related to food categories driven by lockdowns and other restrictive measures.
- Farms resilience, entrepreneurial strategies, and risk coping mechanisms to face the impacts of the epidemic.
- Effects on the trade of food and agricultural products of the measures undertaken in different countries and macro-regions.
- Policy interventions able to stimulate the recovery of agricultural and food production and the labour market.
Authors are encouraged to submit their contributions under the dedicated section "Covid-19 Open Stream Contribution" in the BAE editorial system, using the following link: https://oaj.fupress.net/index.php/bae/about/submissions
The submissions, after the editorial pre-screening, will be posted online, and promptly shared and promoted to our community. The DOI code and descriptive metadata will be immediately available for download and citation. All submissions that will pass the pre-screening process will be published open access (CC-BY).
A selection of the submitted contributions will be peer-reviewed for potential publication in a Special Issue of BAE. In order to receive full consideration for the Special Issue, authors are encouraged to submit their paper by July 2020.
Wine after the pandemic? All the doubts in a glass
Daniele Vergamini, Fabio Bartolini, Gianluca Brunori
University of Pisa: Dep. of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Italy
Published Online: 2020-07-07 |
COVID-19 has triggered an unprecedented global crisis, the increasing recessions in many countries and related trade uncertainties are affecting the whole wine sector, from production to distribution, sales, and consumption. While the full recovery is still uncertain, and even worse scenarios are possible if it takes longer to bring back trust and financial stability on wine markets, the crisis risks to jeopardies recent developments and sustainability in wine territories. Developing from a mixed-method participatory research process that integrates recent economic prospective with diverse experience data, we offer a critical reflection made by researchers and stakeholders supporting several socio-economic narratives and policy implications in the light of the current crisis. Distinguishing between short and long-term implications, we offer a reflection on the policy needs to alleviate the ongoing suffering of the sector. The speed and scope of the pandemic crisis underscore the need for the wine sector to become more resilient by increasing the ability to cooperate and coordinate among supply chain actors and between policy levels. The latter offers a reflection on the balance between short-term interventions and the complementarity of post-2020 CAP measures to stabilize market and future incomes. We conclude that once the crisis abates, it will be necessary to reaffirm credible commitment and trust at all levels, not only with regard to the vineyard and the cellars but also on distribution, especially in the face of a changing demand that in the future will become more pressing for issues related to safety and sustainability.
Coronomics and global economy: A purview of the impact of Coronavirus on the global economy
Balogu, Ikechukwu Eric1,2 Balogu, Tochukwu Vincent3
1Business School, University of Suffolk, United Kingdom.
2Career staff member, African Development Bank (African Natural Resources Centre), Cote d’Ivoire
3Department of Microbiology, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai Nigeria
Published Online: 2020-08-07 |
The global economy is at the verge of total collapse due to the unabating coronavirus pandemic. The undesirable impacts of coronavirus on the global economy are termed “Coronomics”- a term coined from the combination of two words: coronavirus and economics. Due to the impacts of coronavirus, the world is transiting to a “new normal” characterized by economic, health, humanitarian and social crisis. The unfortunate reality is that governments are prioritizing salvaging the economies rather than mitigating the health (and social) crisis; perhaps, hunger and poverty kill faster than COVID-19. According to the United Nations’ report (2020 p.1), the best approach to alleviate the pandemic economic hazards is through multilateral response, comprehensively coordinated, accounting for over 10% of total global GDP.
Italian Farms During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Main Problems and Future Perspectives: A direct analysis through the Italian FADN
Cesaro, L., Giampaolo, A., Giarè, F., Sardone, R., Scadera, A., Viganò, L.
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Research Centre for Agricultural Policies and Bioeconomy (CREA PB)
Published Online: 2020-08-07 |
The rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, in the period February-May 2020, triggered a large-scale crisis, causing an immediate slowdown in production and consequently a sharp contraction in domestic demand and trade.
Agriculture, together with numerous downstream activities in the sector, was immediately included among those defined as "essential"; however, the sector has faced numerous difficulties, as showed by the reduction of the added value during the first quarter of 2020 (-1.9% respect to the previous quarter), which were more or less serious depending on the technical-production system, the marketing channels utilized, the final markets (domestic or foreign), the degree of dependence on external production factors, especially labour, and areas where farms are located.
The evolutionary framework of the coming months, still uncertain, and the need to plan the expected responses in the political arena have made it appropriate to launch a fact-finding Survey that would allow a better understanding of the specific situation of the Italian agricultural sector and the check of the solutions adopted by farms to cope with it. For this purpose, a direct Survey was carried out, aimed at collecting information from the Italian farms of the FADN sample.
The results highlight the important consequences of the COVID-19 emergency on the sector. 37% of the farmers interviewed experienced a liquidity crisis while 60% predicted a contraction in turnover, wider in the case of the wine, olives, and horticulture types of farming and in that of medium / large farms compared to the smaller ones. Relatively more optimistic forecasts have been found for farms that outsource processing and / or marketing activities.
Agritourism in crisis during COVID-19: Italian farms’ resilience and entrepreneurial strategies to face the impacts of the pandemic
University of Pisa: Dept. of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Italy
Organization of Agronomist and Forestry Doctors: professional order of Pisa-Lucca-Massa, Italy
Published Online: 2020-09-29 |
Over the past two decades, rural tourism has become one of the most dynamic and fastest growing economic sectors in Italy. The importance of this sector as a driver for job creation and the promotion of local economic development, culture and products is reflected in several of the Sustainable Development Goals that set forth tourism-specific targets. COVID-19 has triggered an unprecedented global crisis. Coordinated policy responses are needed to support agritourism and the livelihoods and working conditions of about 100,000 agricultural workers. Farms are asking for additional measures to guarantee the survival of agritourism in the medium and long terms. The speed and scope of the pandemic crisis underscore the need for the agritourism sector to become more resilient. Rural tourism could be a much safer or more manageable form of tourism.