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The long-term fortunes of territories as a route for agri-food policies: Evidence from Geographical Indications
Cristina Vaquero Piñeiro
Università degli Studi Roma Tre (Italy)
Accepted: 2021-01-05 | Published Online: 2021-01-12 |
Once the EU has perceived the strategic importance of local peculiarities to support rural development and high-quality productions, it has emphasized the need for more place-sensitive agri-food policies. The importance of socio-economic, historical and cultural factors as transfers of intangible value-added is particularly evident in the agri-food sector. Place-blind and sectorial-oriented approaches have indeed not succeeded in dealing with the territorial heterogeneity of agri-food systems. By delving into the longstanding debate on the conceptualizations of territory and focusing on the territories of origin of the most economically performant Italian Protected Designation of Origins (PDOs), this paper empirically investigates what are the contextual conditions that have mainly contributed in the economic success of local productions. Drawing on an original geo-referenced database, the analysis is conducted on a panel of Italian municipalities and exploits non-linear dynamic panel models. Findings point out the heterogeneity of affecting territorial factors. Imbalances come from both socio-economic conditions (food PDOs) and socio-cultural knowledge (wine PDOs). This paper informs the evidence-based debate on the relevance of territorially-sensitive interventions for the future of EU agri-food and rural development policies. In the case of GIs, it should consider being more place-sensitive as well as more integrated with other agricultural and regional policies to meet the EU’s socio-economic objectives.
A systematic review of attributes used in choice experiments for agri-environmental contracts
Nidhi Raina, Matteo Zavalloni, Stefano Targetti, Riccardo D’Alberto, Meri Raggi, Davide Viaggi
University of Bologna (Italy)
Accepted: 2021-04-12 | Published Online: 2021-04-16 |
Contract attributes are strong motivators for eliciting farmers’ preferences for a particular agri-environmental scheme. Our study aims to conduct a systematic literature review to highlight the attributes used in choice experiment studies of agri-environmental schemes using the PRISMA framework. We obtained 34 studies for an in-depth review, through which we extracted 32 attributes that were classified into 5 typologies: ‘monetary’ (7 attributes), ‘general’ (4 attributes), ‘flexibility’ (6 attributes), ‘prescription’ (12 attributes), and ‘purpose’ (3 attributes). Though monetary attributes should theoretically define farmers’ choices, however, general design and flexibility attributes are more critical for farmers’ participation and willingness to accept. The study also discusses the lesser-used attributes that could be potentially explored in future studies. Thus, our review can be used as a reference by future AES studies to select their bundle of choice attributes and test with a broader range of attributes in their choice experiments.
Climate changes and new productive dynamics in the global wine sector
Lamonaca, Emilia; Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano; Seccia, Antonio
University of Foggia (Italy)
Accepted: 2021-04-13 | Published Online: 2021-04-27 |
Climate change has the potential to impact the agricultural sector and the wine sector in particular. The impacts of climate change are likely to differ across producing regions of wine. Future climate scenarios may push some regions into climatic regimes favourable to grape growing and wine production, with potential changes in areas planted with vines. We examine which is the linkage between climate change and productivity levels in the global wine sector. Within the framework of agricultural supply response, we assume that grapevines acreage and yield are a function of climate change. We find that grapevines yield suffers from higher temperatures during summer, whereas precipitations have a varying impact on grapevines depending on the cycle of grapevines. Differently, acreage share of grapevines tends to be favoured by higher annual temperatures, whereas greater annual precipitations tend to be detrimental. The impacts vary between Old World Producers and New World Producers, also due to heterogeneity in climate between them.
Application of Multi-Criteria Analysis selecting the most effective Climate change adaptation measures and investments in the Italian context
Raffaella Zucaro, Veronica Manganiello, Romina Lorenzetti, Marianna Ferrigno
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Research Centre for Agricultural Policies and Bioeconomy (CREA-PB)
Accepted: 2021-06-23 | Published Online: 2021-06-28 |
In the context of climate change, one of the EU’s major political efforts focus on water management. Public investment is carried out considering several drivers, from economic development to demographics, climate, and pollutants. Meanwhile, the need for evaluation methods is also increasing, so their development has grown in recent years. Among these, Multi-Criteria Analysis methodologies (MCA) have taken on great importance. This work aims to demonstrate the usefulness of MCA in addressing crucial environmental issues, such as the use of water resources for agricultural and food production. The document presents an application of MCA for the ranking and selection of projects to be financed under the Italian National Plan on Water Resources. The Plan is part of the national initiatives planned for the adaptation of the agricultural sector to climate change. The selection criteria have been identified following a participatory approach, and to respond to both the challenge of climate change and the limited availability of funds. MCA is used to select the best projects to be financed with the available amount. The Italian experience confirms the effectiveness of MCA and highlights how the involvement of both decision makers and stakeholders is necessary for a successful application of MCA to environmental issues.
The Effect of Farmer Attitudes on Openness to Land Transactions: Evidence for Ireland
Cathal Geoghegan; Anne Kinsella; Cathal O'Donoghue
Teagasc, the Irish Agriculture and Food Development Authority; National University of Ireland, Galway
Accepted: 2021-06-23 | Published Online: 2021-06-29 |
Ireland suffers from very low levels of farmland mobility by European standards. This paper examines the role of attitudes in farmers’ openness toward land transactions using a nationally representative survey of Irish farmers across the major farm systems. The results show that attitudinal factors are a significant predictor of openness to land mobility, both on the supply and demand side of the market. Additionally, there appears to be a greater demand amongst farmers for temporary land transactions such as land leasing arrangements than is currently seen in at market level.
Drinking Covid-19 away: wine consumption during the first lockdown in Italy
Gastaldello, Giulia; Mozzato, Daniele; Rossetto, Luca
University of Padova (Italy)
Accepted: 2021-07-13 | Published Online: 2021-07-14 |
In Italy, wine is an integral part of most people's habits and lifestyles. The advent of a traumatic event like the Covid pandemic brought profound changes to people's lives: economic instability and normality disruption led consumers to revise their priorities and modify their consumption and purchase behavior. This study analyses the impact of socio-demographic, psychological, and context-related modifications induced by the pandemic on wine consumption and purchase patterns. Participants completed an online, structured survey, and the sample is constituted by Italian wine consumers. Logistic regression and descriptive techniques are applied to analyze data. Results highlight that wine consumption is a deeply rooted habit among Italian consumers, which resisted the great context modifications that occurred with the pandemic. Changes in wine consumption, moreover, are connected to that of other alcoholic beverages. Significant short-term and potential long-term effects are discussed. Information collected is paramount to understanding wine consumers' reactions and behavioral changes induced by the pandemic and effectively plan marketing strategies during new infection peaks.
Estimating a global MAIDADS demand system considering demography, climate and norms
Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, Germany
Accepted: 2021-07-19 | Published Online: 2021-07-20 |
Based on data mainly from the International Comparison Program for 156 countries, we conduct a global cross-sectional estimation of an extended rank-3 MAIDADS demand system for nineteen commodity groups including agri-food detail for integration in a Computable General Equilibrium model. We render both marginal budget shares and commitment terms depending on the implicit utility level and consider age shares on the population, the Gini-Coefficient, the share of Islamic population, a sea access indicator and mean temperatures as further explanatory variables. We find that especially demographic factors, the share of Islamic population and mean temperature considerably improve model selection statistics and the fit of commodity groups with a low fit in a variant where prices and income only are used. Graphics of the estimated Engel curves, with details for agro-food commodity groups, highlight income dynamics of budget shares.