Vol. 11 No. 22: Upcoming
Open Essays and Researches

Straniamento e senso comune: Pratiche di conoscenza tra automatismi percettivi, autoriflessione e processi trasformativi

Daniele Garritano
Università della Calabria
Published August 3, 2022
Keywords
  • cognitive estrangement; common-sense; everyday life; recognition; sociology of knowledge; epistemology
How to Cite
Garritano, D. (2022). Straniamento e senso comune. Cambio. Rivista Sulle Trasformazioni Sociali, 11(22). https://doi.org/10.36253/cambio-10626

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Abstract

In this paper, I want to show that the sociological concept of common-sense is strictly related to another concept which should be considered as its complementary antagonist, i.e. cognitive estrangement. If we compare Alfred Schütz’s version of «common-sense» to Viktor Šklovskij’s notion of «estrangement», we notice an impressive series of similarities in the way in which the Austrian sociologist and the Russian literary theorist dealt with perceptive automatisms and routines of everyday life. On the one hand, as social agents and subject of knowledge, we need the taken-for-granted of common-sense as a set of orientation devices in our lifeworld; on the other hand, defamiliarization impacts on transformational processes of common-sense as well as cognitive purposes related to the arts and sciences. This paper evaluates some consequences of this ambivalent perceptive tendency from a sociological perspective, focusing on relational practices of language, recognition and knowledge processes. In the final part, it deals with the role of common-sense and estrangement in shaping a hybrid model of autoreflexive rationality for social sciences.

 

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