Scienza e società: sinergie e criticità nell’era digitale
Michela Luzi, Università Niccolò Cusano Roma
Marino D'Amore, Università Niccolò Cusano Roma
Accepted: 2020-04-27 | Published Online: 2020-05-01 | DOI: 10.13128/cambio-7466.
In the historical season of communicative and existential immateriality, man must necessarily abandon his solipsistic immobility to embrace collaborative sharing. A new condition that completely changes anthropic sociality, makes it strongly participatory, both at a structural level and at a purely emotional level. Science acts as a catalyst and contextualizing spark for this process, through its different forms, acting as a unifying element between tradition and innovation. Internet, in this sex, acts as a communicative tool of this union, neutralizing the spatial and temporal dimension, systematically updating processes of socialization and collaboration that provide a representation of reality, both scientific and social, sometimes congruent and true, others deeply sweetened and fictitious. In the first case, this simulacrum of the real as such is useful and aimed at the establishment and increase of a collective intelligence that uses different contributions and
hetero-directed, in the second, however, delivers a false vision, factious, functional to other purposes that relate to the persuasion fidelizing, betraying, in fact, the very essence of the scientific mission.
Nebulose di pseudoscienza. Incertezza, pseudo-fatti e tensioni nella governance tecnoscientifica
Ilenia Picardi, Università di Napoli Federico II.
Accepted: 2020-03-27 | Published Online: 2020-04-16 | DOI: 10.13128/cambio-7467.
For some decades, science communication has been at the center of the academic reflection articulating the debate on the role of science in contemporary society and its renewing need for legitimacy. Today different strategies coexist in communication activities promoted by scientific institutions and researchers to communicate the results of their work. Such communication models seem to be overtaken by disintermediation processes and by new forms of mediation implemented by digital platforms.
This paper reflects on the recent debate on pseudoscience. It analyses the phenomenon in connection to the more general transformation of technoscientific governance. Through complex mediation and negotiation activities, changes in scientific governance transform both scientific knowledge and practices and the processes through which policy is looking for technoscientific legitimation, while science itself is being continuously constrained to look for its own legitimacy in the public arena (through fund raising and trust seeking). The intersection between pseudoscience and tensions inside the governance of technoscience identifies three main issues: the role of scientific expertise in society, trust in technoscience, and the relationship between technoscience and democracy. These concerns define the main current challenges of technoscience communication.