No. 26 (2023): Transizione Energetica
Essays and Viewpoint

Positive Energy Buildings and Districts beyond the NZEB paradigm: towards a whole-life approach

Francesca De Filippi
Dipartimento di Architettura e Design, Politecnico di Torino
Carmelo Carbone
Dipartimento di Architettura e Design, Politecnico di Torino

Published 2023-10-31


  • Positive energy buildings,
  • Positive energy districts,
  • Regenerative architecture,
  • Net-positive architecture,
  • Life Cycle Assessment

How to Cite

De Filippi, F., & Carbone, C. (2023). Positive Energy Buildings and Districts beyond the NZEB paradigm: towards a whole-life approach. TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, (26), 86–93.


This paper focuses on the research topic and application of Positive Energy Buildings (PEBs) and Districts (PEDs), and explores the state-of-the-art in the use of LCA analyses on energy impact and CO2eq emissions. An analysis of the scientific literature and existing programmes, standards and regulations is carried out to understand the evolution of the debate on PEBs and PEDs and their implementation. This analysis allows to better define the scope of applicability and assessment of PEBs/PEDs through the lens of the Life Cycle Assessment to extend its definition beyond the sole usage phase. The study also highlights the main gaps and the aspects to be encouraged to promote their diffusion.


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