Vol. 29 No. 1 (2015)
Use of liquefied cold temperature dimethyl ether for extraction of pigments from fresh vegetable tissues
Published March 31, 2015
- Japanese squash
How to Cite
Noriyasu, A., Furukawa, H., Kikuchi, A., Takaichi, H., Bouteau, F., Li, X., Nishihama, S., Yoshizuka, K., & Kawano, T. (2015). Use of liquefied cold temperature dimethyl ether for extraction of pigments from fresh vegetable tissues. Advances in Horticultural Science, 29(1), 48-52. https://doi.org/10.13128/ahs-21306
AbstractDimethyl ether (DME) is known as a useful precursor to other organic compounds and is a promising alternative fuel without issues of toxicity, production, infrastructure, and transportation as is the case with various other fuels. Recently, DME has attracted the attention of scientists and engineers since it behaves as a subcritical solvent or a low-temperature solvent applicable for the extraction of organic molecules from bio-materials. This paper presents the extraction of chlorophylls and carotenoids from green peel and yellow cortex of Japanese squash, spinach leaves and carrot roots using low-temperature liquefied DME. Spectroscopic and fluorescence analyses of the extracted pigments revealed that chlorophylls were successfully extracted by liquefied DME from green materials (squash peel and spinach leaves). HPLC analysis further confirmed that chlorophylls extracted include both chlorophylls a and b. By using liquefied DME, carotenoids were extracted from all vegetable samples examined. The performance of DME as a novel pigment extracting agent is confirmed in this work and its use as a “green” solvent, as opposed to conventional solvents, for the preparation and extraction of various plant pigments is highly encouraged from an environmental point of view.
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