TECHNE 15 (2018): Architectural resilience
Research and Experimentation

LCA environmental impacts of Europe’s housing stock and prevention scenarios

Monica Lavagna
Dipartimento di Architettura, ingegneria delle costruzioni e ambiente costruito, Politecnico di Milano, Italia
Serenella Sala
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Directorate D - Sustainable Resources, Bio-Economy Unit (D1), Italia
TECHNE 15 (2018): Architectural resilience

Published 2018-03-02


  • Life Cycle Assessment,
  • housing,
  • Europe,
  • LCA benchmark

How to Cite

Lavagna, M., & Sala, S. (2018). LCA environmental impacts of Europe’s housing stock and prevention scenarios. TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, (15), 291–298.


Resilience is defined as the capacity of a system to cope with impacts by minimising their effects (through adaptation and mitigation). In practice, upstream measures on the causes, in terms of reducing the emissions or using resource more efficiently, should constitute the main action strategy for reducing the environmental impacts. The article describes the results of a research aiming at quantifing the average environmental impacts associated with the current housing stock in Europe through the construction of statistically-based representative models and the application of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method. Knowledge of the characteristics and the environmental performances of the building stock – particularly the residential building stock – is of fundamental importance to establish effective policies and priority actions for the prevention of impacts and the strengthening of the resilience.


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