TECHNE 21 (2021): Eteronomia dell'Architettura
Essays and Viewpoint

Biomimetic design. Heteronomy and autopoiesis in the integration between technology and biology

Carlo Caldera
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Strutturale Edile e Geotecnica, Politecnico di Torino, Italia
Valentino Manni
Dipartimento di Architettura e Design, Politecnico di Torino, Italia
Luca Saverio Valzano
Dipartimento di Architettura e Design, Politecnico di Torino, Italia
Published March 24, 2021
Keywords
  • Biomimetic design,
  • Technological integration,
  • Biological system,
  • Autopoiesis,
  • Systemic thinking
How to Cite
Caldera, C., Manni, V., & Valzano, L. S. (2021). Biomimetic design. Heteronomy and autopoiesis in the integration between technology and biology. TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, (21), 112-123. https://doi.org/10.13128/techne-9894

Abstract

Applying systemic thinking to the resolution of complexity in biomimetic design allows technological integration between biological and man-made systems, thereby creating an autopoietic building organism. Emulating Nature in projects requires know-how cross-fertilization and hybridization. Mechanical solutions and those associated with the properties of materials are by no means the only options adaptive architecture can resort to in reproducing natural processes. This paper illustrates experiences that adopt adaptive autopoietic strategies at both urban and architectural product level. These strategies are typical of the natural world and involve the integration of technology and biology. The described experiences aim at highlighting the link between biomimetic design and the heteronomy of disciplines.

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