Vol. 10 No. 3 (2021)
Full Research Articles

Estimating a global MAIDADS demand system considering demography, climate and norms

Wolfgang Britz
Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn
Published January 11, 2022
Keywords
  • demand system estimation,
  • AIDADS,
  • General Equilibrium Modelling
How to Cite
Britz, W. (2022). Estimating a global MAIDADS demand system considering demography, climate and norms. Bio-Based and Applied Economics, 10(3), 219-238. https://doi.org/10.36253/bae-10488

Abstract

Based on data mainly from the International Comparison Program for 156 countries, we conduct a global cross-sectional estimation of an extended rank-3
MAIDADS demand system for nineteen commodity groups including agri-food detail for integration in a Computable General Equilibrium model. We render both marginal budget shares and commitment terms depending on the implicit utility level and consider age shares on the population, the Gini-Coefficient, the share of Islamic population, a sea access indicator and mean temperatures as further explanatory variables. We find that especially demographic factors, the share of Islamic population and mean temperature considerably improve model selection statistics and the fit of commodity groups with a low fit in a variant where prices and income only are used. Graphics of the estimated Engel curves, with details for agro-food commodity groups, highlight income dynamics of budget shares.

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