Vol. 7 No. 2 (2018)
Full Research Articles

The impacts to food consumers of a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

Yaghoob Jafari
Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, Germany
Wolfgang Britz
Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, Germany
Jayson Beckman
Economic Research Service, USDA, USA
Published December 18, 2019
Keywords
  • Trade Policy,
  • Imperfect competition,
  • Heterogeneous firms,
  • Simulations
How to Cite
Jafari, Y., Britz, W., & Beckman, J. (2019). The impacts to food consumers of a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. Bio-Based and Applied Economics, 7(2), 139-160. https://doi.org/10.13128/bae-7672

Abstract

Primary agriculture is a textbook example of competitive supply with many producers outputting homogenous products, in contrast to firms in the processed food sector produce heterogeneous products while differing in productivity. Our model of trade reform explicitly accounts for the differences between the markets for  primary agriculture and food processing. To demonstrate this point, we use a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to quantify potential impacts of a trade agreement between the EU and US. Crucially, our heterogeneity-firm setup allows for the allocation of NTMs as ‘fixed costs’, which provides an alternative angle to previous literature that only considered NTM costs in a more conventional framework (e.g., tariff equivalent). Further, the use of this framework allows us to provide detailed welfare impacts, providing more information on the impacts to consumers who purchase mainly processed food and little primary agricultural output, a point often unrepresented in previous analysis of NTM reform.

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