No. 25 (2023): Enabling Roles of Technology
Research and Experimentation

Shaping accessible public spaces for visually impaired people. The BUDD-e research experience

Andrea Rebecchi
Dipartimento di Architettura, ingegneria delle costruzioni e ambiente costruito, Politecnico di Milano
Marcello Farina
Dipartimento di Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano
Giuseppe Andreoni
Dipartimento di Design, Politecnico di Milano
Stefano Capolongo
Dipartimento di Architettura, ingegneria delle costruzioni e ambiente costruito, Politecnico di Milano
Matteo Corno
Dipartimento di Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano
Paolo Perego
Dipartimento di Design, Politecnico di Milano
Emanuele Lettieri
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale, Politecnico di Milano

Published 2023-05-30


  • Accessible Public Spaces,
  • Inclusive Built Environment,
  • Blind Visually Impaired People,
  • User-Centred Design,
  • User Well-being

How to Cite

Rebecchi, A., Farina, M., Andreoni, G., Capolongo, S., Corno, M., Perego, P., & Lettieri, E. (2023). Shaping accessible public spaces for visually impaired people. The BUDD-e research experience. TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment, (25), 192–203.


The paper describes both the method and the preliminary outcomes of the “Blind-assistive aUtonomous Droid Device: BUDD-e” research experience, funded by Polisocial Award 2021 of Politecnico di Milano, and designed to exploit a multidisciplinary approach to bridge the gap of inclusive design, making spaces and services accessible, functional, and usable by Blind and Visually Impaired (BVI) people. The research purpose is to develop accessible public places and indoor environments where the autonomous robot BUDD-e will act as guide for the BVI people. User-centred design principles will be applied to support accessibility to – both outdoor and indoor – public places, where the robot guide BUDD-e will be a primary feature in allowing access to services.


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