Vol. 12 No. 2 (2023)
Original Research Article

The agroecological challenges in the wine sector: perceptions from European stakeholders

Caetano Beber
Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna.
Léa Lecomte
Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sciences Agro
Isabel Rodrigo
Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa
Massimo Canali
Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna
Alexandra Seabra Pinto
Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária
Eugenio Pomarici
Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, Università di Padova
Eric Giraud-Heraud
Univ. Bordeaux, INRAE, BSE, UMR 6060, ISVV
Stéphanie Pérès
Univ. Bordeaux, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, BSE, UMR 6060, ISVV
Giulio Malorgio
Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna

Published 2023-12-31


  • wine economics,
  • wine sustainable innovations,
  • stakeholders’ perception,
  • agroecological transition,
  • organic certification,
  • resistant varieties
  • ...More

How to Cite

Beber, C., Lecomte, L., Rodrigo, I., Canali, M., Seabra Pinto, A., Pomarici, E., Giraud-Heraud, E., Pérès, S., & Malorgio, G. (2023). The agroecological challenges in the wine sector: perceptions from European stakeholders. Wine Economics and Policy, 12(2), 103–120. https://doi.org/10.36253/wep-15244


This article explores the issues surrounding the agroecological transition in the European wine industry, focusing on reducing pesticide use, developing organic certification and using genetic research in relation to resistant grape varieties. The study distinguishes between stakeholders from the wine industry, institutions and the agricultural research sector. The findings consistently identify the agroecological transition as a priority, particularly in terms of pesticide reduction. However, variations exist in the views of the surveyed stakeholders. French and Portuguese stakeholders emphasise the role of market and societal pressures as drivers of the transition, while Italian producers do not. Professionals in France and Portugal express doubts about achieving pesticide reduction through changes in practices, while others stress the importance of regulatory constraints. The research also highlights industry challenges such as decreased consumption due to health awareness and the need for social responsibility. Resistant grape varieties are seen as a viable solution, especially for the development of organic production, but market acceptability remains a significant hurdle. The study sheds light on stakeholder perspectives and challenges, thus contributing to a better understanding of priorities in the European wine industry’s pursuit of sustainable practices.


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